The Five Books of Moses are foundational Genesis is a short summary of human history, from Creation to the death of the Patriarch Joseph, that provides the historical context for what occurred to Israel during the life and ministry of Moses, when the Sinaitic Covenant/Law of Moses was received by the nation of Israel. Exodus contains two specific kinds of material - historic narrative about the plagues on Egypt, Israel’s travel to and year spent at Mt. Sinai, and discussion about the Law/Covenant Israel received at Mt. Sinai. Leviticus is, essentially, the “priestly Manual’ for the Aaronic priesthood and Levitical Tabernacle servants, so they would understand the priestly function and spiritual life God intended for Israel - “be holy for I am holy” (Leviticus 11:44). Numbers is built around two censuses that were held before and after the 40 years of wandering in the wilderness, with some crucial legislation and a good deal of historical narrative about Israel’s period of wandering and conquest. Deuteronomy is Moses’ historic background and summary of the Sinaitic Law and Covenant for the 2nd generation of Israelites who saw their parents die in the wilderness for unfaithfulness and would soon follow Joshua in conquering the land of Canaan.
Moses aprox. 1590 BC to 1470 BC. Followed God to lead Hebrews out of Egypt
The Torah The Torah is the sacred text of the Jewish people. It is believed that God told Moses all of the Torah on Mount Sinai, and that Moses wrote down his exact words. The word Torah actually means ‘teaching’. The Torah is made up of five books, also known as the five books of Moses. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.
The Torah is a mixture of stories, teachings, and commandments. The Torah contains lots of instructions about how Jewish people should live. Altogether, there are 613 commandments like this. They tell Jewish people how to pray, what to eat and which festivals to celebrate.