FEMA Approval of Local Hazard Mitigation Plans Sharon Loper Hazard Mitigation Plan Manager DHS - FEMA Region 10 425.487.4700 Sharon.Loper@dhs.gov
Process Description Contributors Public Involvement Hazard Location Hazard Extent Previous Occurrences Probability Vulnerability to Assets Impacts to Assets Potential Loss Estimate (Optional) Development trend analyze (Optional) Mitigation Goals Mitigation Objectives (Optional) Mitigation Actions and Projects(for existing and future buildings, infrastructure, and critical facilities) Prioritization Process Cost/Benefit analysis Implementation options Administration process Monitoring, Evaluating, and Updating Process Schedule for plan maintenance Continued public involvement Incorporation process with other plans Plan adoption (documented) 44 CFR Part 201.6 Criteria
ADOPTION- Requirement §201.6(c)(5) For multi-jurisdictional plans, each jurisdiction requesting approval of the plan must document that it has been formally adopted. PARTICIPATION- Requirement §201.6(a)(3) Multi-jurisdictional plans (e.g., watershed plans) may be accepted, as appropriate, as long as each jurisdiction has participated in the process… UNIQUE RISKS- Requirement §201.6(c)(2) (iii): For multi-jurisdictional plans, the risk assessment must assess each jurisdiction’s risks where they vary from the risks facing the entire planning area… SPECIFIC ACTION ITEMS- Requirement §201.6(c)(3) (iv): For multi-jurisdictional plans, there must be identifiable action items specific to the jurisdiction requesting FEMA approval or credit of the plan. 44 CFR Part 201.6 Criteriafor Multi-Jurisdictional Plan
Review Considerations • Shall vs. Should • “Sufficient information” to make mitigation decisions • Existing resources (best available) • Plan process
Plan Review Worksheet • Utilized by FEMA Region X to review local hazard mitigation plans • Identifies each criteria contained in the regulation • Identifies the various elements of each criteria • Worksheet may be used by a local community to “self-check” their plan during development and/or prior to submitting plan to State/FEMA for review
Criteria Scoring • N – Needs Improvement • S – Satisfactory A local hazard mitigation plan must receive a satisfactory scoring on all required criteria for the plan to obtain FEMA approval.
Plan Approval Determinations • Approved Plan meets the criteria in 44 CFR Part 201, including local plan adoption. • Not Approved - Criteria Met / Plan not Adopted • Criteria Met • Plan Not Adopted Plan meets the criteria, except for adoption. Upon documentation of adoption, FEMA will approve plan. • Not Approved - Criteria Not Met • Criteria Not Met • Plan Adopted or Not Adopted Plan does not meet the content criteria. All criteria must receive a satisfactory rating before FEMA will approve.
FEMA Plan Review Process • State “review and coordinate” “Plans must be submitted to the State Hazard Mitigation Officer for initial review and coordination.”44 CFR Part 201.6(d) • FEMA “review and approval” “The state will then send the plan to the appropriate FEMA Regional Office for formal review and approval.” “Regional review will be completed within 45 days after receipt from the state, whenever possible.” 44 CFR Part 201.6(d)
Plan Approval ProcessState / FEMA Approach • Local plans must be submitted to SHMO for review and coordination • PRE-ADOPTION STATE/FEMA REVIEW (45 days) • Notification when FEMA receives plan for review • Plan reviewed for 44 CFR part 201 plan criteria • If plan criteria not met, revise plan and resubmit for review • If plan criteria met, then… • ADOPTION BY LOCAL RESOLUTION • POST ADOPTION STATE/FEMA REVIEW • Plan reviewed to verify adopt by local governing body • Notification of plan approval – 5 year cycle
FEMA Planning Resources • Mitigation “How to Series” • Getting Started: Building Support for Mitigation Planning • Understanding Your Risks: Identifying Hazards and Estimating Losses • Developing a Mitigation Plan: Identifying Mitigation Measures and Implementation Strategies • Bringing the Plan to Life: Ensuring the Success of the Hazard Mitigation Plan • Using Benefit-Cost Analysis in Mitigation Planning • Incorporating Historic Resources into Mitigation Planning • Integrating Human-Caused Hazards into Mitigation Planning • Multi-Jurisdictional Approaches to Mitigation Planning • Securing Resources for Mitigation Planning • Available at: • FEMA Publication Warehouse: 1-800-480-2520 • On the Web: http://www.fema.gov/fima/planhowto.shtm
FEMA Region 10 Planning Resources • Hazard Mitigation Planning Guide • FEMA Region 10 Plan Review Worksheet