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World Map PowerPoint Presentation

World Map

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World Map

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  1. World Map Individual countries

  2. #1 The World in Spatial TermsLocation Where is it? Why is it there? Two Types of Location • Absolute • Relative

  3. Hudson Bend Middle School15600 Lariat Trail Austin, TX 78734Latitude: 30.39137 Longitude: 97.93522530 N, 97W

  4. Absolute Location Absolute = Exactly, Specific, Global Address • What people need to tell exactly where they are. • Specific Place – where are you specifically right now? • Latitude and Longitude (the global address) • Latitude Lines run East to West ……Measure N to S • Longitude Lines run North to South • ….Measure E to W

  5. Where a place is, in relation to another place. Use words to describe North, South, East West Austin is NORTH of San Antonio. Texas is SOUTH of Arkansas. Relative Location

  6. # 2 Places & Regions • Place = Features & Characteristics that give an area its OWN identity • Physical Characteristics - Landforms, climate, plants, animals • Human Characteristics – Language, Religion, Music, Politics, a way of life • Region = A grouping of Places

  7. Human Characteristics People • Culture • Language, Religion, Customs • Buildings & Landmarks • Cities

  8. Austin, Texas Human Characteristics

  9. Artic Circle The Arctic Circle is an imaginary line that marks the latitude above which the sun does not set on the day of the summer solstice (usually 21 June) and does not rise on the day of the winter solstice (usually 21 December). North of this latitude, periods of continuous daylight or night last up to six months at the North Pole.

  10. Antarctic Circle • Antarctic Circle, imaginary circle on the surface of the earth at • 66 1/2°S latitude. • It marks the southernmost point at which the sun can be seen at the winter solstice (about June 22) and the northernmost point of the southern polar regions at which the midnight sun is visible Marguerite Bay

  11. Tropic of Cancer & Capricorn • Three of the most significant imaginary lines running across the surface of the earth are the equator, the Tropic of Cancer, and the Tropic of Capricorn. • While the equator is the longest line of latitude on the earth (the line where the earth is widest in an east-west direction), the tropics are based on the sun's position in relation to the earth at two points of the year. ( • The sun is directly overhead at noon on the Tropic of Cancer on June 21 (the beginning of summer in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of winter in the Southern Hemisphere) • The sun is directly overhead at noon on the Tropic of Capricorn on December 21 (the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of summer in the Southern Hemisphere).

  12. Longitude The starting point for determining Longitude is the Prime Meridian 0 0.Does the earth have East and West Poles?Through an international agreement Greenwich, England was chosen as a place for all longitude lines to be measured. Two Equal Parts = East or West of the Prime Meridian

  13. LatitudeThe starting point for measuring Latitude is the Equator.The equator divides the earth into Two Equal Parts = North Latitude and the South LatitudeWhat is 0o (zero degrees)?North Pole the South Pole