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ISN 94 , Reasons for Exploration Preview: During the Renaissance, people are going to begin to explore by sea. Their exploration will lead to discovery of America, a route around Africa, & a route around the world. Why do you think people in the Renaissance began to explore?.
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ISN 94, Reasons for Exploration • Preview: • During the Renaissance, people are going to begin to explore by sea. Their exploration will lead to discovery of America, a route around Africa, & a route around the world. • Why do you think people in the Renaissance began to explore?
Age of Exploration A period beginning in the early 1400s and ending in the late 1700s in which European explorers and merchants discovered areas of the world yet unseen by Western Europe. These expeditions led to the discovery of new lands, new markets, and new technology
Discovering Motivations for Exploration Investigating a Sunken Treasure Ship
Motivations for Explorers Artifacts Examined on Ship • Review: On ISN pg 94, complete the T-chart listed below: • Bible Missionary Work
ISN 94, (Same as yesterday) • Preview: • What happened from the time of the Middle Ages to the Renaissance that made exploration possible or inspired people to overcome their fears and venture into the unknown?
GOLD, GLORY, GOD Motivation: Why did the explorers want to go?
Gold (Money) • Trade was very important in Europe during the Renaissance • Rise of merchants & banking helped people to start their own companies & sell exotic products from the “East” • Merchants began looking for quick, direct trade routes to Asia; there was lots of money to be made
Glory • Renaissance inspired new possibilities (no one explored during the Middle Ages) • Exploration led to fame for the explorers & sponsor country (found new places & gained more lands) • Demand for new land & glory led to competition between countries
God • During the Middle Ages & the Renaissance, Europe was very religious • Christians wanted to stop the spread of Islam & also convert “natives” they discovered to Christianity; explorers were encouraged to spread Christianity or bring missionaries who would focus only on conversions
Means: How were the explorers able to sail so far? • Technological Advances
Navigation • Prior to the Renaissance, sailors used landmarks & stars to find location (was very inaccurate) • Through cultural diffusion Europeans learned about new techniques: • Magnetic Compass (Chinese) shows cardinal directions • Astrolabe (Arabs/Islamic) used stars as fixed points to show direction • Made sailing more accurate
Maps • Used to be very inaccurate, but during Renaissance cartography (science of drawing maps) grew as trade increased • Europeans also borrowed maps from Middle Eastern & Asian scholars & merchants • Introduced grid system based on longitude & latitude
Ships • Europeans built better ships: • Caravel—big, strong ships that could travel in shallow water • Discovered lateen sail (triangle-shaped) from Arabs Muslims; allowed explorers to sail against the wind • Used multiple small sails, rather than large single sails– improved speed
Ships • Moveable rudder allowed for more maneuverability • Carried new weapons like rifles & cannons to protect against the dangerous “unknown”
On pg 94, Review: • Draw a caravel—be sure to show this ship’s many advantages • Create a thought balloon coming from the people on the ship that shows a reason people would explore in the Renaissance • Draw an image that reflects a new navigation device that allowed explorers to get to their destinations.
Portugal Spain France England Netherlands India West Indies East Indies (the Spice Islands) Mapping ActivityUse the world map & instructions provided to label the world map: