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Semester Review

Semester Review

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Semester Review

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  1. Semester Review 2012 - 13

  2. Exploration and Colonization:

  3. Exploration and Colonization: 1.While Europe benefitted much from the Columbian Exchange, what kinds of things were introduced to America by Europe? Disease, slavery, guns, fight over land

  4. Exploration and Colonization: 2. What is the significance of 1607? Jamestown was founded as the 1st successful English settlement in America Jamestown Virginia

  5. Exploration and Colonization: 3. What was the major reason the original settlers of Plymouth Colony, Maryland, and Pennsylvania came to America? Religious freedom

  6. Exploration and Colonization: 4. What was the main reason that colonists settled in the Southern Colonies? To make a profit

  7. Exploration and Colonization: 5. If 98% of the settlers that came to America were farmers, why did most settlers in the New England Colonies and many in the Middle colonies choose other careers? The growing season was too short and the soil too rocky to grow cash crops

  8. Exploration and Colonization: 6. What do we call the type of farming where colonists grow just enough food to feed their family? Subsistence farming

  9. Exploration and Colonization: 7. What was the significance of the Mayflower Compact? The first self government in America; Democracy

  10. Exploration and Colonization: 8. What was the significance of the Virginia House of Burgesses? The first representative government in America; Republic

  11. Exploration and Colonization: 9. What was the significance of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut? The first written Constitution in America; Limited Government

  12. Exploration and Colonization: 10. Why did representative government grow in the Colonies? England was too far away to govern; Colonists were becoming more and more independent

  13. Exploration and Colonization: 11. William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, belonged to which religious group? The Quakers

  14. Exploration and Colonization: 12. The Quakers believed in religious toleration, what does that mean? All religions can live together in peace

  15. Exploration and Colonization: 13. How did the Quakers feel about slavery and women’s rights? All men and women are created equal

  16. Exploration and Colonization: 14. What do we call the section of the triangular trade that carried slaves to America? The Middle Passage

  17. Exploration and Colonization: 15. Describe the conditions of the voyage across the Middle Passage. Crowded, unsanitary, disease, death

  18. Exploration and Colonization: 16. What is mercantilism? An economic theory: trade = money = power

  19. Exploration and Colonization: 17. Was mercantilism designed to build up the Colonies or the Mother Country? Explain. It built up the economy of the mother country, it usually hurt the colonies’ economy

  20. Causes of the Revolution:

  21. Causes of the Revolution: 18. Why were colonists angry about the Proclamation of 1763? It stopped western expansion

  22. Causes of the Revolution: 19. While English laws like the Navigation Acts, the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend Acts were designed to help the English economy, what did it do to the Colonial economy? It hurt the colonies’ economy

  23. Causes of the Revolution: 20. One of the biggest complaints of the colonies was “taxation without representation”. Although they were not happy about the taxes, their bigger concern was what? Lack of Representation in Parliament when all other Englishmen had it

  24. Causes of the Revolution: 21. What Colonial action helped push England to repeal the Stamp Act of 1765 and became their best weapon against British taxes? American boycotts

  25. Causes of the Revolution: 22. Who is best known for founding the Sons of Liberty? Samuel Adams

  26. Causes of the Revolution: 23. How was the Boston Massacre used by the Patriots as propaganda? The Patriots exaggerated the event in order to gain more support

  27. Causes of the Revolution: 24. What laws were passed by Parliament to punish the colonies for the Boston Tea Party? The Coercive Acts

  28. Causes of the Revolution: 25. What did the Americans call these laws? (above) The Intolerable Acts

  29. Causes of the Revolution: 26. What battle is known as “the shot heard ‘round the world” and why? Lexington, because the world was curious to see if the Americans could pull it off

  30. Causes of the Revolution: 27. Who wrote Common Sense and what did it set out to do? Thomas Paine

  31. The American Revolution:

  32. The American Revolution: 28. Describe an American Patriot. An American who wants to fight for Independence from Britain

  33. The American Revolution: 29. Describe an American Loyalist. An American who wants to remain loyal to England England

  34. The American Revolution: 30. What did Benjamin Franklin mean when he said “United we stand… or divided we fall”? If the colonies don’t fight together, they can’t win

  35. The American Revolution: 31. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson

  36. The American Revolution: 32. When was the Declaration of Independence written? 1776

  37. The American Revolution: 33. Identify the 4 major parts of the Declaration of Independence. • Why we are revolting • Rights of individuals • Grievances with England • Declaration of Independence

  38. The American Revolution: 34. Who inspired Jefferson to write the following words in the Declaration of Independence? “. . . We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. . . . ” John Lock

  39. The American Revolution: 35. Why is the Battle of Saratoga known as the “turning point of the war”? • 1stmajor Colonial victory. • Because of the victory, the French decided to help us Here Come the French!

  40. The American Revolution: 36. What was the significance of Valley Forge in the winter of 1777–1778? The Continental Army received much needed training

  41. The American Revolution: 37. Who helped fund the Continental Army when they were running low on supplies? Haym Saloman

  42. The American Revolution: 38. Which battle was the final battle of the American Revolution? The Battle of Yorktown

  43. The American Revolution: 39. What is the name of the British General who surrendered at Yorktown? Gen. Cornwallis

  44. The American Revolution: 40. What was the name of the Treaty that ended the Revolutionary War? The Treaty of Paris of 1783

  45. The Articles of Confederation:

  46. The Articles of Confederation: 41. What was the name of the first U.S. Constitution? The Articles of Confederation

  47. The Articles of Confederation: 42. Name five weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. • couldn’t tax • No leader • No army • No courts • 9/13 needed to pass a law

  48. The Articles of Confederation: 43. Explain how a Confederation works. A loose alliance between states, but the states have most of the power Virginia

  49. The Articles of Confederation: 44. Why did the creators of the Articles of Confederation make the federal government so weak? The feared an abusive government like Parliament and King George

  50. The Articles of Confederation: 45. What was one thing that the articles did that was successful? The Northwest Ordinance