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FP7 & a Design Study for a 3rd generation interferometer

FP7 & a Design Study for a 3rd generation interferometer

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FP7 & a Design Study for a 3rd generation interferometer

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  1. FP7 & a Design Study for a3rd generation interferometer Raffaele Flaminio EGO and CNRS/LAPP • Summary • FP7 & FP6 • - Design Study submitted in FP6 • - A Design Study for FP7 • - Next steps

  2. Framework Programs (FP) • FP’s: multi-year EU programs for funding research and development • - started since 1984 • - goal: develop an European Research Area (ERA) • FP’s organized around an ensemble of general tools and a few priority themes • Ex. Marie-Curie fellowships • Current program: FP6 (2002-2006) • FP6 budget: 17833 Meuros • - Structuring the European Research Area: 2854 Meuros • - Research Infrastructures 715 Meuros • Under the Research Infrastructure budget is funded ILIAS • (including the GWA network and the STREGA joint research activity) • Under Research Infrastructure are funded Design Studies for new infrastructures: • - KM3 underwater neutrino telescope (funded) • - European Advanced Gravitational Observatory, EGO (not funded)

  3. COOPERATION Themes (Using all funding schemes. Including international cooperation.) Health 8317 Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology 2455 Information and Communication Technologies 12670 Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies 4832 Energy 2931 Environment (including Climate Change) 2535 Transport (including Aeronautics) 5940 Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities 792 Security and Space 3960 Total COOPERATION 44432 IDEAS European Research Council 11862 PEOPLE Marie Curie Actions 7129 CAPACITIES Research Infrastructures 3961 Research for the benefit of SMEs 1901 Regions of Knowledge 158 Research Potential 554 Science in Society 554 Activities of International Co-operation 358 TOTAL CAPACITIES 7486 Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre 1817 TOTAL EC 72726 Euratom for nuclear research and training activities 3092 Next Program: FP7 • Next Framework Program: FP7 (2007-2013) • Proposed total budget: 72726 Meuros

  4. Research Infrastructures in FP7 • …. optimise the use and development of the best research infrastructures existing • in Europe … • …. help to create in all fields of science and technology new research infrastructures • of pan-European interest …. • …. infrastructures necessary for the European scientific community to remain at the • forefront of the advancement of research …. • The FP7 proposal intends the EU to play a catalysing and leveraging role through: • Support to existing research infrastructures: • trans-national access • integrating activities; • research e-infrastructure • Support to new research infrastructures, • construction of new infrastructures and major updates of existing ones • design studies to promote the creation of new research infrastructures by funding exploratory awards and feasibility studies. Intention of the European GW community to submit a proposal for the design study of a third generation interferometer

  5. Last design study proposal (FP6) • European Gravitational waves advanced Observatory design (EGO) • Proponents: all the GW experimental groups Virgo, GEO, Auriga, ROG, MiniGrail, … • Broadband Gravitational Wave Observatory (frequency range from about 1 Hz to 10 kHz) • An hybrid observatory hosting several type of detectors: interferometer and resonant (dual and/or sphere) • Sensitivity 100 times better than first generation detectors from M. Punturo

  6. EU evaluation (I) • The evaluation was positive: • European added value (Threshold 3/5; Weight 1) 4.1 • S&T excellence (Threshold 3/5; Weight 1) 4.4 • Relevance to the objectives of the scheme (Threshold 3/5; Weight 1) 4.0 • Quality of the management (Threshold 3/5; Weight1) 4.0 • Overall remarks (Threshold 3.5/5) 4.1 • But not sufficient …. • “Further to my letter of 28 May 2004, I would like to inform you that the Commission has decided on 4 August 2004 that no financial contribution could be made available to your proposal ….This decision was motivated by the fact that your proposal was ranked too low on the priority list to allow it to be funded, given the limits of the budgetary resources available”

  7. EU evaluation (II) “the fact that the design study is proposed by a single consortium that results form the merging of all these teams is a very promising step forward” “not clear that this proposal identifies and focuses on an optimized scientific and technical strategy: the design study bifurcates into two parallel R&D efforts, one with interferometers, and the other in large bar-type or spherical resonant masses …” “The primary goal of the proposal i.e. to achieve broadband extreme sensitivity (1Hz to 10 kHz), might be questioned: one might consider that the frequency response of the instrument should be chosen on the basis of the characteristic of the potential sources.” “One should be careful however that the program be driven by the science rather than by technology” “some points in the proposal remain unclear, e.g. …, why three distinctive cryogenic test laboratories are really required.”

  8. What to do for FP7? • Discussion at the last meeting of the executive board of the GWA networkPerugia, September 30th, 2005 • M.Cerdonio, K.Danzmann, V.Fafone, R.Flaminio, J.Hough, G.Losurdo, H.Lueck, F.Menzinger, • B.Mours, M.Punturo, G.A.Prodi, B.S.Sathyaprakash, S.Rowan, B.Willke • Agreement to propose a design study of a 3rd generation laser interferometer • Goal: sensitivity 100 times better than 1st generation interferometers • The bar community will participate but spheres and duals will not be studied in FP7 • (comes to late anyway), will be assumed as existent • Some of this changed last week: e-mail from M. Cerdonio

  9. What to do for FP7? • Possible contents of a design study for a third generation interferometer • - Reduction of thermal noise required: • cryogenics, better materials (silicon), better coatings, … coating less optics? • Reduction of shot noise required: kW lasers, MWatts stored in the interferometer reduce losses in optics, thermal compensation radiation pressure becomes a real problem heavier mirrors (100 kg?) • need for squeezing and QND measurements • Fight against Newtonian noise and environmental noise: underground detector • Push seismic wall below 1 Hz: better seismic isolation, longer pendulums (100 m?) • Longer arms (10 km?) • Triangular shape (LISA like) • ….. • But very important to start from potential GW sources (science driven proposal)

  10. What to do for FP7? • Other suggestions/decisions made in Perugia • Need before proposal information on angular resolution with single site for low-frequency sources due to orbit and rotation of earth • • Pass to WG2 as action item • • Need before proposal estimate of Newtonian noise deep underground • • Suggest that WG3 takes coordination of proposal • • Present plans at FP7 preparation meeting in Munich with speakers Danzmann (Present status of the field), Losurdo (Infrastructures) and Cagnoli (R&D and Future)

  11. What’s next ? • 2005 • The Commission published its official proposals for the Seventh Framework Programme for EU research on 6 April 2005. This is then to be treated by the Co-decision process of the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. • - The negotiations on the EU's financial perspectives for the next seven years, 2007 - 2013, will be pursued in 2005. Building on the guidelines agreed by the European Council in December 2004, work will continue with the aim of reaching political • 2006 • - Final administrative stages in the co-decision process for adoption of FP7. • - End of FP6. • - FP7 is to be launched at the end of 2006. • 2007 • - Calls for proposals under FP7 • - First FP7 projects to be launched • But remember FP6: started in 2002 ….. and first call for Design Study proposals was in 2004 • We are not in an hurry …. but we should be prepared

  12. ApPEC/ILIAS coordination • Attempt to organize coordinated actions in the field of astroparticle for FP7 • Preliminary meeting in Munich last spring (GW community represented by G.Cagnoli) • Next meeting: Munich, November 23rd - 25th, 2005 • All the fields of Astroparticle physics will be represented • Request of three talks about GW • Status of present projects (K.Danzmann) • R&D projects (G.Cagnoli) • Needs for a future infrastructure (G.Losurdo)

  13. Munich meeting: agenda

  14. Munich meting: agenda

  15. Munich meeting: agenda

  16. FP7 preparation meeting Agenda explanation from B. Saghai “The "Experimental status & projects" is expected to give an overview of the field and introduce very briefly the future plans.” “Those plans are supposed to be presented under the "R&D" topic with the relevant number of speakers.” “Finally, in "Infrastructures" talk, we expect to learn about the present status of different infrastructures (strong and weak points) and especially to learn about future (say within 10 years scale) improvements or constructions.”