Empowering WomeN TO BE BETTER RESEARCHERS: A HOW-TO GUIDE RESEARCH MADE EASIER WITH A WINNING STRATEGY! by IRO STEPHEN PERRY, WASHINGTON, D.C. for WOMEN’s HISTORY MONTH 2011 EMAIL: PerrySX2@state.gov TEL: 202-632-2747
Search Engines: part one PART1 • In this section, we will look at google, how to limit searches in google, google search tips, and other newer search engines that might prove to be more useful and more productive for your specific topic.
Secrets of Using Google • Google is a massive database, and in the missions of potential Search Results you might retrieve, it is not especially easy to find quickly everything you need or want. • There are many sites, especially that end with a .com or a .org that are outdated, have links that no longer work, or that reflect the very narrow points of view of a larger parent organization. • Remember: No one evaluates any of the sites brought up by a Google Search: neither Google nor anyone else. Therefore it is up to you to evaluate each site for relevancy and accuracy.
Here is a site about MLK, JR. that appears to be relevant, but actually reflects the viewpoint of its larger parent organization, a White supremacist organization: the URL however appears to be relevant www.martinlutherking.org
Will GOOGLE BRING UP SITES LIKE THIS? YES, ALL TOO OFTEN • Therefore, learning to be a better searcher and learning to refine results is always a necessary skill. • There are many Google “Cheat Sheets” out there: for understanding Google Search Features http://www.google.com/intl/en/help/features.html • Some of the most popular features of conducting an intelligent Google Search are listed on this site.
To elIMINATE BAD SEARCH RESULTS, one trick is to limit all results to .edu sites (ADD and site: edu after your search)
You can also limit the search to JUST .gov sites by searching google uncle sam: www.google.com/unclesam
Other Search engines are the following: www.ipl.org (sites chosen by librarians as THE most trustworthy and authoritative.)
Blekko: www.blekko.org • Explanation of how to use blekko at: • http://blekko.com/ws/+/press-videos?h=1 • Analysis of BLEKKO: http://www.infotoday.com/online/mar11/On-The-Net-blekko-A-New-Search-Approach.shtml • Helps eliminate “content farms” and bad search results through use of slash tags / • Example in next slide using slashtag /people for a search on Rosa Parks
Another new search engine is fagan finder at www.faganfinder.com
Here are videos/documentaries on the triangle shirtwaist factory from www.faganfinder.com
Searching for FULL-TEXT Journal articles: part 2 PART 2 • We will look at primarily DOAJ: the Directory of Online Access Journals at: www.doaj.org • This database covers 6,500 journals and covers all subject disciplines
There are many tables of content services (ToC) for Journals/magazines • Among these are: • ICAST: http://www.icast.org.in/ejournal/ejournal.phpE-JOURNALS:http://www.e-journals.org • CURRENT TABLES OF CONTENTS:http://www.journaltocs.hw.ac.uk/index.php • Journal TOCs makes viewing tables of contents from scholarly journals easy. This resource features the table of contents (ToCs) for over 14,000 journals from more than 500 publishers, with more being added continuously and features TOCs from publishers such as Elsevier, SAGE, Oxford University Press, etc. • OPEN HUMANITIES PRESS CONSORTIUM: more Ejournals included all the time, updated: all free text and online. http://www.openhumanitiespress.org/
Free Databases for researchers: PART 3 PART 3 • In this section, we will look at the following full-text databases: • Public Library of Medicine (PLoS): http://www.plos.org/ • MEDLINE PLUS: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ and other databases in Health/Medicine • and OAISTER from WORLDCAT: http://oaister.worldcat.org
Other Databases we will discuss include: • RePeC: Economics Topics and Ideas: http://ideas.repec.org(includes related fields in the Social Sciences) • RFE: Resources for Economists: http://rfe.org • SSRN: The Social Sciences Research Network: www.ssrn.com • Free Educational Videos and Lesson Plans from the Annenberg Foundation: www.learner.org
Note two features of PLoS • Open Access: “Everything we publish is freely available online for you to read, download, copy, distribute, and use (with attribution) any way you wish.” • http://www.plos.org/ • “PLoS is a nonprofit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource. All our activities are guided by our core principles.”
Here is PLoS for Medicine: Note that you can search for articles: http://www.plosmedicine.org/home.action
For Medical/Health information, medline plus, from the national library of medicine
Medline plus explained • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ • MEDLINEplus will direct you to information to help answer health questions. • Search MEDLINEplus: MEDLINEplus brings together, by health topic, authoritative information from NLM, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), other government, non-profit and other health-related organizations. • Preformulated MEDLINE searches are included in MEDLINEplus and give easy access to the medical research literature. It also provides you with a database of full-text drug information and an illustrated medical encyclopedia.
Health information for everyone:Medlineplus.gov Why you should always start here: • Multiple sources of high quality information • Non-commercial Constantly updated and reviewed
Special features: Tutorials Diseases, treatments, and surgeries Illustrations and animations Information is read aloud
Here is an example of a Free tutorial: “How to evaluate Health Information on the ‘net: “ http://nihseniorhealth.gov/toolkit/toolkit.html
Special features: Health information in over 40 different languages Easy-to-read information for low literacy patrons
For health professionals and researchers who wish to go into depth: Pubmed.gov is an excellent resource
Oaister: a database of some 20 million items in multiple languages: http://oaister.worldcat.org
Note search and results on the right (Oaister: www.oaister.worldcat.org)
Free research oriented databases for many fields/many subjects: RePEc (ECONOMICS)
In Repec (http://ideas.repec.org) results of a search on “Women and Entrepreneurship”
Note all articles are downloadable in full-text in RePeC; example of a fulltext article here
Another free database for economics is rfe: resources for economists, from the american economics association www.rfe.org
SSRN: Social science research network: www.ssrn.com (covers all fields in the Social Sciences) • The Social Science Research Network, SSRN, covers 310,000 papers and articles published in all aspects of the Social Sciences, including related fields. It is updated weekly. • It includes the Full Text of each and every paper, which can then easily be downloaded. • SSRN is free, but you do need to register; registration takes minutes.
Note that you can specify age group/level Social Sciences by Age level Individual Videos for the Lesson on the U.S. Constitution: all free @www.learner.org
Highly Selective Access to full-text theses, dissertations and specialized research studies from leading universities P ART 4 • Examples I will discuss include: • The University of Maryland: DRUM= Digitized Resources at the University of Maryland www.lib.umd.edu/drum/ • MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology: http://dspace.mit.edu • Harvard University (DASH): Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard http://dash.harvard.edu
Other universities in the u.s. providing highly selective access to research studies and dissertations/ theses include • Cornell University (Ithaca, NY): http://ecommons.library.cornell.edu/handle/1813/39 • University of Michigan, Ann Arbor: • http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/community-list