presented by sadika barweez n.
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  1. Presented by: SadikaBarweez Supervision

  2. Supervision • Definitions: • A dictionary of Education defines Supervision as : Fill in the gaps with words given below : " all efforts of designated officials towards providing ? to ? and other ? workers in the ? of instruction; involves the simulation of ? and ? of teachers, the ? and revision of educational ? ,materials of ? and methods of ? ; and the ? of instruction ." leadership teachers educational improvement professionalgrowth development selection objectives instruction teaching evaluation evaluation /instruction /educational/improvement professional growth / leadership /selection teaching / development / teachers/ objectives

  3. Supervision • Definitions: • Supervision is a planned programme for the improvement of instruction ( Adams And Dicky ) • Kimball Wills defines supervision as " an assistance in the development of teaching learning situation“ • Burton and Bruectner have described it as : • "an expert technical service primarily aimed at studying and improving co-operatively all factors which affect child growth and development.'

  4. Domains of Supervision Match the domains given in the following table to their definitions : Establishing and maintaining open and productive relations between the school and its community. Developing and facilitating meaningful opportunities for professional growth. Initiating and implementing collaboratively developed strategies for continuous improvement. Ensuring open and clear communication among individuals and groups through the organization. Coordinating and integrating the process of curriculum development and implementation. Supporting and coordinating efforts to improve the instructional program.

  5. Providing materials, resources, and assistance to supportteaching and learning. Providing feedback to teachers based on classroomobservation. Using a variety of strategies to clarify and analyze problems and to make decisions. Encouraging experimentation and assessing outcomes. Helping people to develop a shared vision and achievecollective aims. Recognizing and reflecting upon one’s personal and professional beliefs, abilities, and action.

  6. The main roles of a supervisor Keep the descriptions below in their correct columns : Coordinator Consultant Group Leader Evaluator • -assists groups in consensus building, in moving toward group • goals, and in perfecting the democratic process • -helps teachers find answers to curricular and instructional problems • -acts as a link between programs and people. • -renders service to both individual teachers and groups. • - seeks, identifies, and fosters leadership from within the group. • -should be a prime source of assistance to teachers wishing to improve either their generic or specialized teaching skills • -knows the disparate pieces of the educational process and directs the actions of others to make the pieces blend. • -helps teachers evaluate their classroom performance.

  7. The main roles of a supervisor

  8. Categories of Supervisory Behaviors • Listening • Clarifying • Encouraging • Reflecting • Presenting • Problem Solving • Negotiating • Directing • Standardizing • Reinforcing

  9. Session 6: 21 slides Continuum of purposeful behaviors

  10. Collaborative Behavior When to use it: • When teachers are functioning at a moderate developmental level • When the Supervisor and teacher are approximately at the same degree of expertise on the issue • The Supervisor and the teacher will be both involved in carrying out the solution • The Supervisor and the teacher are going to work on the solution together Role of the Supervisor: • Listen to what the teacher’s perception is of the situation • Verify the teacher’s perception • See to it that the teacher understands the supervisor’s perception • Exchange suggestions for options for solving the problem • Accept conflict and reassure the teacher that disagreement is acceptable • Find an acceptable solution • Summarize the plan of action

  11. Nondirective Behaviors When to use it: • The teacher knows best that instructional changes need to be made • The teacher has the ability to think and act on their own Role of the Supervisor: • Assists the teacher in the process of thinking through their actions • Keeps the teacher’s thinking focused on observation, problem identification, interpretations, and problem solving • All feedback given is intended to extend the teacher’s thinking

  12. Directive Control When to use it: • Teachers are functioning at a very low developmental level • Teachers lack the awareness, knowledge or insight to problem solve • Time is not of the essence and action needs to be taken quickly Role of the Supervisor at this Phase: • Supervisor is to identify the problem • Supervisor comes up with the solution • Supervisor is completely responsible for resolving the issue and • the teachers are not.

  13. Direct Informational When to use it: • Teachers are functioning at a fairly low developmental level • Teachers are at a loss, confused or are inexperienced about an issue • The teacher feels and believes that the supervisor is credible and • will accept the advice and suggestions given • When time is short and quick actions need to be taken Role of the Supervisor: • Identify the goal with the teacher • Identify the teacher’s point of view of the situation • Mentally come up with solutions meanwhile have the teacher • come up with solutions • Frame a final choice for the teacher with a detailed action plan to be taken • Reinforce by suggesting a follow up plan

  14. Your Supervision Style I- Authoritarian supervision II- Laissez Faire supervision III- Companionable supervision IV- Synergistic supervision

  15. Barriers to Good Supervision

  16. A Good Supervisor: • Balances high productivity and morale • Is consistent with modeling expectations • Clearly communicates his or her leadership • and supervision style • Establishes clear goals for the members • Insists on frequent communication • Manages positively • Insists on accountability

  17. Thank you