Direct questions • sentences that ask a question and end with a question mark • used in informal and daily life contexts Examples: What is your name?Why do you want this job?How much do you earn?When did you see the advertisement?How long have you lived here? Where will you work next year?
Look at these sentences: • Where does he study? • I want to know where he studies. • Can you tell me where he studies? What is the difference? • no “does” in sentences 2 and 3 they are INDIRECT QUESTIONS • sentence 1 isA DIRECT QUESTION
Indirect questions • sentences that report a question • “softer” and more “polite” thandirect questions • oftenused in formal contexts • no inversion • no interrogative words • no special intonation • consist of 2 parts: • apoliteexpresion • aquestion
Introductory phrases (polite expressions) • Do you know + …statement (s+v)… • Can/Couldyou tell me +…statement… • Do you have anyidea+…statement… • Do you mind telling me + statement... • I’dlike to know +…statement… • I wonder +…statement… • Please tell me+…statement • Do you happen to know + statement... • Can/Couldyou tell me if/whether +…statement • Can you let me know if/whether + …statement • Has shetoldyouif/whether+…statement • I wonderif+…statement
Examples of indirect questions • Do you know what the answer is? • Do you know where the post office is? • Could you tell me if it’s OK to use mobiles here? • Do you know how much it costs? • I’d like to knowhow much it costs. • I wonderwho knows him. • I wonderif/whetherthey are expensive. • I wonder ifshe likes me.
DO, DOES & DID • omitted in the indirect question Direct question: What do youwant? Indirect question: Can you tell me what youwant.
YES / NO QUESTIONS • if or whether Direct question: Have youseen the teacher? Indirect question: Could you tell me if you have seenthe teacher?
How to changedirectintoindirect?1. Addthepoliteexpression2. Move AM-IS-ARE afterthesubject3. Delete DO-DOESExamplesAre thestudentspayingattention? I wonderifthestudentsarepayingattention?Do youhave my e-mail?Couldyoutell me ifyouhave my e-mail?
How to change indirect into direct question 1. Deletethepoliteexpression2. Move AM-IS-ARE beforethesubject3. Add DO-DOES beforethesubjectExamplesCouldyoutell me wherethepolicestationis?WhereisthePolicestation?I’dliketoknowifyoulove me? Do youlove me?
TASK: Transformthese direct intoindirectquestions.1. Whatisyourname?2. Why do youwantthisjob?3. Howmuch do youearn?4. Howsoon can youstart?5. Whatisyouraddress?6. Do youneedsomehelp?7. Doesshespeak English?8. Where do youlive?9. Are youhereforthejob?10. Whereis your office?11. Have you ever been to the UK?12. What were you doing yesterday at this time?
Roleplay • Student A: You are at the information desk of a hotel / an office block / a museum / etc. and want information about services, people, exhibitions, etc. Think of as many Indirect question as you can. • Student B: You are a new receptionist and don’t know any information. • Example: A: Can you tell me where the restroom is? B: Sorry, I don’t know where it is.