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Development cooperation in healthcare … PowerPoint Presentation
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Development cooperation in healthcare …

Development cooperation in healthcare …

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Development cooperation in healthcare …

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  1. Developmentcooperation in healthcare… Whatabout the patientsperspective?

  2. Overview of content • Introduction • Healthcare needs in developing countries • The concept of Patient-centred Care • The Lucoma Project • Communication skills course for rural healthcare workers

  3. Introduction: Does developmentalaid meet the needs?

  4. Developmentcooperation: what are the needs?

  5. … And what is in the (Belgian) offer? (Source: http://diplomatie.belgium.be/en/policy/policy_areas/index.jsp) (Source: DGOS year report 2008)

  6. Match or mismatch? • Not everything that counts can be counted and… • Healthcare is only one part in a complex web of interrelated needs • Equally complex landscape of development cooperation organisations • Acute vs. long term needs • This seminar focuses on “efficient cooperation for long term needs in healthcare”

  7. Healthcare needs in developing countries

  8. Ranking of selected risk factors: 10 leading risk factor causes of death by income group, 2004 Source: GLOBAL HEALTH RISKS, Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. WHO, 2009.

  9. Chronic and complex health problems • Growing incidence in both high and low income countries • Have significant influence on healthy life expectancy and quality of life • Are not cured by standard procedures • Any cure: • Is mostly focussed on keeping the situation stabile rather tan on healing • Risk for noncompliance • Success is related to integration in patients life (motivation!)

  10. Healthcare in Western vs. developing countries

  11. Criteria for effective rural healthcare • Availability (distance, time) • Regional spreading • Regional cooperation & referral • Low cost – Government support • Healthcare staff skills • Integration of prevention in socio-cultural life (Source: Immpact, 2008)

  12. In reality: if you get sick in rural Africa... • See the village responsible or local healer • Can you afford professional healthcare? • Organise family and housekeeping • Travel to the nearest health facility (community care centre) • See the nurse for clinical examination and standard cure • Travel home

  13. Health risks • Traditional medicine • Lack of financial means • Loss of time • Limited & strongly standardised basic care: • Lack of physicians • Anamnesis & clinical examination based on algorithms • Treatment based on standard cures • Noncompliance

  14. Some examples: CMA Houndé (Burkina Faso)

  15. Some examples: Dispensary just outside Houndé (Burkina Faso)

  16. Some examples: CSCOM Koutienso, Mali

  17. First conclusions so far... Healthcare needs: • Mainly chronic diseases • Multi-problem situations Healthcare system: • Limited budget • Limited development aid • Limited Infrastructure • Limited skills • Traditional medicine

  18. Patientcentered care

  19. What patients really want... (Stewart, 2001) • Explore the patients' main reason for the visit, concerns and need for information • Seek an integrated understanding of the patients' world—that is, their whole person, emotional needs, and life issues • Find common ground on what the problem is and mutually agrees on management • Enhance prevention and health promotion • Enhance the continuing relationship between the patient and the doctor

  20. Why Patient-centred care? • Biomedical model does not satisfy patients needs in complex and/or chronic diseases -> Quality of life • Investigate and treat the patient, not the disease! -> “shared decision making” • Compliance with therapy: • Patients knowledge & motivation • Integration in patients life style and family life • Thrust in medical staff & therapy (Stewart, 2001; Pruitt, 2005; Dolan, 2008) • Efficient healthcare • Outcomes • Settings (Bradley, 2005, Inui, 2007)

  21. PCC and the millennium development goals • Social promotion • Family planning • Female circumcision • Immunisation • Neonatal care • Child nutrition • Primary health care • Substance abuse • Child labour • Perinatal follow-up • Skilled birth attendance • Prevention from domestic violence • Prevention from arranged marriage and pregnancy in young age • HIV • Malaria • TBC • Safe drinking water

  22. How to achieve patient-centred care? • Skilled health-care provider: • Medical knowledge & skills • Family & life style anamnesis • Communication skills • Time & motivation • Team support & counselling (Source: Dunn, 2003)

  23. The Lucoma project

  24. Houndé, Burkina Faso

  25. Communication skills course Houndé, April 2009

  26. Course content • Part 1: General communication theory and skills training • Schröder model • Part 2: patient anamnesis • Conversation structure • Gordon’s 11 Health patterns • Part 3: Health education • Goals & means • Procedures

  27. The model • Health perception & management pattern • Nutritional-metabolical pattern • Elimination Pattern • Activity-exercise pattern • Sleep-rest pattern • Cognitive-Perceptual pattern • Self-perception/self-concept pattern • Role-relationship pattern • Sexuality-reproductive pattern • Coping-Stress tolerance pattern • Value-Belief pattern

  28. Pedagogic considerations • Theoretical part: • Limited and understandable • Lectures and literature review • Local situation as a starting point • Focus on applicability • Interactive sessions: Presentations, discussions, role-plays, exercises and try-outs

  29. Presentations & discussions

  30. Role-play

  31. Results of the pilot

  32. PCC and the holistic model

  33. Methods of communication and positive influences

  34. New, difficult and important?

  35. Discussion and conclusions • Small survey • Social desired answering • Limited knowledge on PCC • Training is important, but only 1 aspect of a complex situation (time & motivation) • Additive & continued support: • Procedures and posters • Expert group • Coaching