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UV light, Disinfectants, Antibiotics PowerPoint Presentation
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UV light, Disinfectants, Antibiotics

UV light, Disinfectants, Antibiotics

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UV light, Disinfectants, Antibiotics

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  1. UV light, Disinfectants, Antibiotics

  2. UV light is used to control microbial growth • Adjacent thymine molecules DNA cross link to form thymine dimer • This leads to mutations during the replication of DNA • #3 – growth , UV light cannot penetrate plastic.

  3. Disinfectants – antimicrobial agents used on objects – floors. Lysol • Antiseptics – antimicrobial agents used on living tissue – mouthwash. Listerine • They inactivate enzymes • Zone of inhibition – in general larger the zone of inhibition more effective is the antimicrobial agent

  4. Gram negatives are more resistant than gram positives. • Substances cannot penetrate the outermembrane.

  5. Antibiotics • Made by microbes • Purified by the pharmaceutical companies • Penicillin • Mold – Penicillium notatum • Inhibits the formation of peptidoglycan • G- - resistant • G+ - sensitive

  6. Penicillin – selectively toxic to bacteria. In general, it is not toxic to the host (humans) • Humans have no peptidoglycan

  7. Chloramphenicol – Streptomyces • Inhibits protein synthesis on the 70S ribosomes • High concentrations and prolonged use can cause aplastic anemia • Streptomyces • Tetracycline, Streptomycin, erythromycin • Erythromycin – cannot penetrate the outer membrane

  8. Gentamicin – Micromonospora • Inhibits protein synthesis on the 70S ribosomes. • Sulfanilamide – synthetic drug • Inhibits folic acid synthesis