Industrial Revolution Vocabulary Review. Agricultural Revolution A time of rapid change brought about by new agricultural techniques (contour plowing, crop rotation, systematic fallowing), new farming inventions (seed drill, harvester,
Agricultural Revolution A time of rapid change brought about by new agricultural techniques (contour plowing, crop rotation, systematic fallowing), new farming inventions (seed drill, harvester, steel plows), improved breeding programs for livestock, and the enclosure movement (fencing off of large tracts of land to increase crop yield (cash crops). Industrialism An economic system in which people rely more on machinery and technology than on animal and human power. Textiles Woven or knit cloth
Enclosure Movement The trend for large landowners to gradually fence and include public and private common lands on their own estates. Entrepreneur A person who undertakes risks to invest in or establish a business. Domestic System(Cottage Industry) An early industrial labor system in which merchants hired workers to produce goods at home Division of LaborA production technique in which each worker does one specialized task on an assembly line.
Interchangeable Parts A production method using identical, easy- to -assemble, and easy to replace parts. Labor Union An organization of workers formed to pressure busi- ness owners to improve wages and working condi- tions. 10. Laissez-faire The economic principle that government should not interfere with or try to regulate business. Proletariat The working class as defined by Karl Marx.
Socialism A political theory that states society as a whole should control the means of production (capital, factories, land, and resources). Capitalism A system in which people, rather than governments, own property, make goods, and buy and sell them freely. Urban Life in cities. Rural Life in the country or agricultural areas. Urbanization The movement of people from rural areas to cities.
Mass Production The manufacture of large quantities of identical goods at cheap prices through the use of inter- changeable parts, division of labor, and use of the assembly line. Assembly Line A moving line on which workers perform specialized tasks on a product (division of labor) as the product moves down a conveyor belt. Communist Manifesto A plan put form by Karl Marx and his friend, Frederick Engels whereby the proletariat (working class) rise up against the bourgeoisie (factory owners) and take over the means of production.