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An highlight on Existing Research Infrastructures

An highlight on Existing Research Infrastructures

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An highlight on Existing Research Infrastructures

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  1. An highlight on ExistingResearch Infrastructures

  2. FP7 2007 - 2013 Budget (M€) - Source: Council decision in December 2006 “Capacities”

  3. Definition of Research Infrastructures • Facilities, resources, and related services usedby the scientific community for • Conducting leading-edge research • Knowledge transmission, knowledge exchangesand knowledge preservation • Includes • Major scientific equipment • Scientific collections, archives and structured information • ICT-based infrastructures • Entities of a unique nature, used for research Knowledge « industry »

  4. European Survey of Research Infrastructures Aim: analysis + respective trends & developments March-April 06:Initial submission phase led by EC May-December 06:Validation process by ESF • Validation of the entries received by EC • Nomination of missing major RIs December 06- up to now:Finalization by EC • Getting responses from RIs nominated by ESF • Breaking down all RIs by categories • Extracting the first results from the database

  5. This analysis looks at the598 replies received from Research Infrastructures related organisations and validated by ESF and EC They do NOT represent an assessment or analysis of the overall situation of RI in Europe! However it shows the current trends within Europe and lessons can be drawn. This database of RIs will need to be continuously updated in the future. Selected slides… more information available in the draft report to be approved end of the month

  6. Breakdown of All RIs by Scientific Domains (598 RIs) 160 144 140 120 100 86 85 78 80 Number of RIs 64 60 47 34 30 30 40 20 0 Humanities Social Environmental, Energy Biomedical Nuclear and Materials Engineering Computer and Sciences Marine, Earth and Life Particle Sciences data treatment Sciences Sciences Physics, Astonomy, Astrophysics 9 major domains related with the 598 identified facilities More than 25 500 permanent scientists are working in such facilities …

  7. Social Sciences RIs All RIs virtual 12% single-sited virtual 32% 42% distributed 25% single- distributed sited 26% 63% Material Sciences RIs virtual distributed 1% 11% single- sited 88% Three types of Research Infrastructures There is of course variation between the different domains: here are given the “min” and “max” share of single-sited RIs respectively for materials sciences and social sciences

  8. Average Lower Bound of RI Investment by Domains (total: 598 RIs, 35 690 M€) 90 83,0 80,2 78,7 73,4 80 65,6 70 59,8 60 53,0 50 40 Million Euros 26,2 30 21,8 21,0 20 10 0 All domains Humanities Social Sciences Environmental, Energy Biomedical and Nuclearand Materials Engineering Computerand Marine, Earth Life Sciences Particle Physics, Sciences datatreatment Sciences Astronomy, Astrophysics Level of average minimum investment for “building” a Research Infrastructure 20 M€ threshold? NB: Pure theoretical comparison, calculating the sum of minimum construction costs indicated by the respondents divided by the number of RIs per domain

  9. All RIs 50% 60 50 40 % RIs 30 20 10 0 <0.25 M€ 0.25-1 M€ 1-10 M€ >10 M€ Biomedical and Life Sciences RIs Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics 60 60 50 50 40 40 % RIs 30 % RIs 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 <0.25 M€ 0.25-1 M€ 1-10 M€ >10 M€ <0.25 M€ 0.25-1 M€ 1-10 M€ >10 M€ Operational costs The most usual operational cost is 1-10 M€ a year in all domains equivalent to a reasonable portion of the construction cost 50% 50%

  10. Construction of RI Operation of RI 2% 7% 1% 7% 27% 65% 40% 51% Sources of Funding National vs International nationalonly international only national andinternational not specified (incl. private) As expected, the survey shows that existing facilities have been supported mainly by national funding but that their operation is increasingly open to international

  11. All RIs 60 50 40 % RIs 30 20 10 0 0% < 10% 10-25% 26-50% > 50% % Foreign Users Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astrophysics, Biomedical and Life Sciences RIs Astronomy 60 60 50 50 40 40 % RIs % RIs 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 0% < 10% 10-25% 26-50% > 50% 0% < 10% 10-25% 26-50% > 50% % Foreign Users % Foreign Users More than 145.000 external users per year Foreign Users 50% About 1/3 of all RIs have more than 50% foreign users among their external users … In physics, this share reaches 54% of RIs… 50% 50%

  12. All RIs 60 50 50% 40 % RIs 30 20 10 0 0% < 10% 10-25% 26-50% > 50% % Remote Users Material Sciences RIs Social Sciences RIs 60 60 50 50 40 40 % RIs % RIs 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 0% < 10% 10-25% 26-50% > 50% 0% < 10% 10-25% 26-50% > 50% % Remote Users % Remote Users Remote users For 60% of all RIs, 90% of users are using the RIs on-site… although, in the SS domain, internet is the preferred tool … 50% 50% Potential for Growth and importance of developing e-infrastructures

  13. All RIs 60 50 40 % RIs 30 20 10 0 0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 > 25 years years years years years years Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astronomy, Biomedical and Life Sciences RIs Astrophysics RIs 60 60 50 50 40 40 % RIs % RIs 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 > 25 0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 > 25 years years years years years years years years years years years years Age Years in Operation 50% Quite mature facilities The BMS domain is clearly the one which has developed most recently in Europe… 50% 50%

  14. Share of RIs Built or Upgraded in the Last 5 Years 34,9 34,9 Biomedical and Life Sciences 30,0 36,7 Computer and data treatment 18,8 44,7 Material Sciences 16,7 45,1 Environmental, Marine, Earth Sciences 9,0 51,3 Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astronomy, Astrophysics 35,3 23,5 Social Sciences 19,1 36,2 Engineering 18,8 34,4 Humanities built in the last 5 years 3,3 36,7 Energy built more than 5 years ago 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 but upgraded in last 5 years % RIs Age Let’s look at the new and recently upgraded RIs… Quite a lot of renewal overall, but the “energy” field confirms the need to be stimulated…

  15. Years in Operation: EU-12 (57) vs EU 15 (481) 50 45 40 35 30 EU-12 % RIs 25 EU-15 20 15 10 5 0 0-5 years 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 > 25 years years years years years Share of EU-12 RIs Overall 0-5 years > 25 years 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 % RIs Quite old facilities in the EU-12 (newest MS) countries…

  16. Importance of Community actions: • to reduce European fragmentation and dispersion of existing facilities • To stimulate more international organisation in certain fields • To help developing a research market for access to and use ofinstallations / research services

  17. Objectives of the CommunityResearch Infrastructures action • Optimising the use and development of the best existing research infrastructures in Europe • Helping to create in all fields of S & T new research infrastructures of pan-European interest needed by the European scientific community • Supporting programme implementation and policy development (e.g. international cooperation)

  18. Community activities under FP6 (2002-2006) Forexisting research infrastructures • Integrating Activities:to structure better, on a European scale, the way such facilities operate and promote their coherent use and development • e-infrastructures: to foster development of high-capacity + performance communication networks and grid infrastructures About 180 M€ per year during FP6 For new research infrastructures • Design studies • Construction (incl. major upgrades)

  19. Main characteristics of an FP6 Integrating Activity • Average number of contractors: 19 of which 7 are offering access • Typical duration of 4 years • Average EC contribution: ~10 M€ • Management: ~ 6% • Networking Activities: ~ 15% • Trans-national Access: ~ 30-40% • Joint Research Activities: ~ 40-50% • List of funded projects (FP6)http://cordis.europa.eu/infrastructures/projects

  20. EUSAAR (Environment) Developing a pan-European research infrastructure for the measurements of atmospheric properties EC contribution: 5.1 M€ • TA (~0.2 M€): • 11 ground-based stations for atmospheric research • NA (~3.2 M€): • Standards and exchange of good practices on sampling, measurement and analysis of aerosol parameters • Training on aerosol sampling and measurements • Web portal and Database on aerosol products • JRA (1.7 M€): • Methodology for determining aerosol optical density • Standards for aerosol hygroscopic growth analysis • A real time data collection of aerosol measurements • A network of research stations based on regional diversity

  21. EUPRIM-Net (Biomedical Sciences) Developing a pan-European research infrastructure of primate centres EC contribution: ~4.7 M€ • TA (~1.3 M€): • Gene, tissue, cell, gamete and serum banks • Experimental animals • NA (~1.7 M€): • Standards (SOPs for quarantine and experiments) • Training on handling (blood sampling, injections…) • Courses and textbook (primate behaviour, husbandry, nutrition…) • JRA (~1.7 M€): • Molecular typing methods • Pathogen detection assays • Telemetry prototyping • Refinement, Replacement

  22. IA-SFS (Analytical Facilities) Developing a pan-European Synchrotron and Free Electron Laser infrastructure • TA (~19 M€): • 15 installations, with 4000 users from a very broad spectrum of disciplines • NA (~2 M€): • Specialized workshops, conferences and schools • (support areas of transnational cooperation) • Exchange of scientists • JRA (~6 M€): • European platform for Protein Crystallography • Development of: • Instrumentation for Femtosecond Pulses • Diffractive x-ray optics • Superconducting Undulator • Photoinjector for X-ray Free Electron Lasers EC contribution: 27 M€ • Offering a common access platform

  23. EGEE (grids) • ~ 500 sites in 40 countries • > 60 Virtual Organisations • ~ 24 000 CPUs • > 5 PB storage • > 10 000 concurrent jobs/day • Scientific communities Life Sciences High Energy Physics Biomedics Astrophysics Earth Sciences Computational Chemistry Finance Fusion Geophysics Multimedia…

  24. GÉANT (global dimension) SPONGE GÉANT S. Africa China India North America/Japan Australia EUMEDCONNECT SEEREN ALICE TEIN2

  25. DEISA cluster of supercomputers (grids) 21.900 processors and 145 TF in 2006, more than 190 TF in 2007 AIX IBM domain LINUX SGI RZG (DE) IDRIS (FR) SARA (NL) LRZ (DE) LINUX Power-PC ECMWF (UK) CINECA (IT) FZJ (DE) High Performance Common Global File System BSC (ES) CSC (FI)

  26. FP7 Research Infrastructures in brief Existing Infrastructures New Infrastructures Design studies Integrating activities ESFRIRoadmap Construction (preparatory phase; construction phase) e-infrastructures Policy Development and Programme Implementation

  27. FP7 will continue supporting existing Research Infrastructures • Integrating Activitiesto promote the coherent use and development of research infrastructures in a given field, implemented through: • Bottom-upcalls • Targetedcalls • ICT basede-infrastructuresin support of scientific research

  28. FP7 will continue supporting existing Research Infrastructures • Eleven (11) Bulgarian organisationsunder FP6, related with 13 projects (covering Physics, Env., IST), over 143 total FP6 projects: U-Sofia, INRNE, TUV, four institutes of the BAS (Oceanography, Electronics, Parallel Processing, Mineralogy), IFA-Varna, BSNN, the IST foundation, ARC fund. • Potential for growth under FP7

  29. Support Actions … through a mixed bottom-up / top down approach, for: • the development of anRI European policyand the development ofinternational cooperation • Supportingprogramme implementation(NCPs) and the coordination of research infrastructures inemerging areas ERANETS 65 M€ 2007-2013

  30. Planning of calls and indicative budget

  31. Call for proposalsN°1 – launched early 2007 Integrating Activities • Existing e-infrastructures (42 M€) • Scientific Digital Repositories, deployment of e-Infrastructures for new Scientific Communities • Support measure for some FP6 I3 (finishing before March 2008) • Closure: 2 May 2007 • Single stage procedure for evaluation remote + panel evaluation • First contracts will come into force before the end of 2007

  32. Next calls for proposals N°2 (e-infrastructures) + N° 3 • Indicative budget of 50 + 275 M€ • 25 to 30 RTD projects to be selected • Call 2: e-science GRID, GÉANT and Scientific Data Infrastructures • Call 3: for RTD; both bottom up and targeted approach • Closure: 6 Sept 2007 (call 2) + 5 February 2008 (call 3) • More information to be provided mid-2007

  33. Topics for RI’s under the targeted approach • 29 priority topics in 8 of the “Cooperation” domains • Health (6) • Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology (4) • Information and Communication Technologies (3) • Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies and Materials (2) • Energy (5) • Environment (4) • Transport (2) • Socioeconomic Sciences and Humanities (3)

  34. Evaluation Criteria • All FP7 proposals will be assessed according to three (3) criteria: • S/T quality • Implementation • Impact • Those criteria are further specified according to the funding scheme used for each of the activities of the call (subcriteria) prepare yourselves!

  35. Useful links • FP7 Proposal and Capacities Specific Programme http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/capacities.htm • Research Infrastructures on CORDIS (FP6) http://cordis.europa.eu/infrastructures/ http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/rn/ • Research Infrastructures in Europa (on-line soon) http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures

  36. धन्यवाद Merci ありがとう Grazie Danke Bedankt Gracias Many thanks for your attention Hvala Kiitos Tack Obrigado Ευχαριστω Köszönöm Teşekkür ederim СПАСІБO