Rolling the Dice: Effective Design and Implementation of Behavior Intervention and Support Plans Presented by Albert Felts October 24, 2008
Agenda • The Desired Situation • Possible Strategies • Strategy Advantages / Disadvantages • The Recommended Strategy • Next Steps Ask Questions
Intervention Decision Guide (IDG) • Present the situation • Operationalize the desired outcome • Problem Solve strategies to reach the outcome • Identify the key reasons for choosing the strategy (rationale) • Next steps (Implementation) • The RPRAI Cycle
RPRAI • Review • Prioritize • Revise • Adopt • Implement
Present Situation Desired Situation How things are What are the limitations What are the resources How things need to be What are the strengths What do we need within the current restraints Determining the Desired Situation
Albert’s Rule of Three • No more than 3 objectives…..per school year • No more than 3 possible strategies per objective • No more than 3 interventions at the same time.
Albert’s Problem Behavior • Albert is in 8th grade, he is two plus grade levels behind in reading and math. He was retained in 3rd grade, again in 5th grade, and is failing his 4 core subjects after the first semester. Albert is dyslexic and he receives service under 504. In addition he has s substantial history of receiving psychological services. He has been diagnosed with mood disorder not classified as bipolar. He was DNQ for ED, and LD. He fails to respond to the teachers instruction and stares blankly at them when given a direction. He is neither verbally or physically aggressive.
Possible Problem Statement 1 Problem 1 Has little or no interaction with teacher. 2 Problem 2 Does not initiate activities appropriate for the situation. 3 Problem 3 Does not respond appropriately to redirection in social situations.
Possible Goal 1 Goal 1 The student will increase his/her interaction with teacher. 2 Goal 2 The student will initiate activities appropriate for the situation. 3 Goal 3 The student will respond appropriately to redirection in social situations.
Possible Objectives 1 Objective 1 The student will verbally respond to 8 out of 10 questions asked by the teacher. 2 Objective 2 The student will make eye contact with the teacher when speaking on 8 out of 10 trials Objective 3 The student will interact _____ minutes a day with the teacher. ( Increased by one minute a day up to fifteen minutes.) 3
Possible Strategies 1 Strategy 1 Teach the student appropriate ways to communicate to teachers that a problem exists. Strategy 2 Identify teachers with who the students most often interacts to make certain they model and reinforce appropriate verbal communications 2 Strategy 3 Spend some time each day talking with the student on an individual basis about his/her interest. 3
Student will be able to better verbalize needs. Student will learn to initiate conversations when problems occur Student will benefit from learning to verbalize problems in a non-confrontational manner Will take time for student to learn the social skills of giving and receiving feedback. All teachers will not be receptive to getting feedback from a student. Student will need to be compliant with request to initiate conversation when problems arise. Indirect cost include staff time for individual social skills instruction. Advantages Disadvantages Strategy 1- Teach the student appropriate ways to communicate to teachers that a problem exists.
Making the assumption that some teachers already have an established relationship with the student. Making the assumption that some teachers already have an established relationship with the student. Cannot force interaction or responses that are appropriate. No indirect cost are anticipated with this strategy. Advantages Disadvantages Strategy 2- Identify teachers with who the students most often interacts to make certain they model and reinforce appropriate verbal communications.
Build relationships with student in non traditional classroom settings. Allows student to view teacher as human. Allows student to discuss conversations of interest to the student. Requires investment of time on teacher part. Requires teachers to allow student to initiate conversation based on student interest. No indirect cost are anticipated for implement this strategy. Advantages Disadvantages Strategy 3- Spend some time each day talking with the student on an individual basis about his/her interest.
The Recommended Strategy Teach the student appropriate ways to communicate to teachers that a problem exists. • For example, I don’t understand what it is you want me to do, I can’t complete my assignment, I don’t have a pencil etc….
Benefits of The Recommended Strategy • List benefits • Costs • Performance • Time savings • Ease of implementation • Timing
Questions & Comments 1... What other benefits do you see with this strategy? 2... Does this seem the best strategy given the situation? 3... What challenges do you think we’ll have in implementing this strategy?
Challenges How To Handle What if the student becomes passive aggressive? Acknowledge feelings of anger or frustration Challenges of The Recommended Strategy
Review Plan Buy in from teacher, parent, student Implementation Team follow through and support Next Steps / Support Needed – Idea 1 Next Steps Support Needed Classroom coverage for teacher 3 times for 30 minutes Teach student feedback strategy
Summary • By using this strategy the student will spend less time off task. • The teacher will better be able to address the concerns of the student in a timely manner. • The student will develop a trusting relationship with adults. • Communication skills will be enhanced.