Computers In The Music Industry By: Matt, Chase, and Courtney
Overview How it all began Notation Software Documentation Recording Art Design File Sharing Advertisement
How It Began • Computers have been making noise in the music industry since the development of Eniac in 1947. • Speakers were attached to the mainframe to produce tones that would tell if programs were running correctly. Random tones meant everything was ok, continuous tone meant the program had crashed. • The First music program was written by Max Mathews in the early 1960s.
In 1968, the first recording software was written by Max Matthews. It was capable of controlling analog synthesizers in real time. Throughout the 70s and 80s, more advancements were made in computer technology Musicians took advantage of the speed and efficiency of these programs Thanks to the microprocessor, computers such as the Apple II and the Commodore 64 found wide uses in homes Brought recording technology to musicians who could not afford to use professional recording studios Led to production of home composition and recording software How it Began
Notation Software • -Notation or composition software began with MUSIC. • The purpose of such software is to speed up the writing of music and allow easy duplication of scores. • Many types of notation software include the ability to connect to instruments.
Finale • Finale is one of the most popular examples of notation software. • This program is used in schools nation wide as well as many composition institutes. • The software can play back anything written in it and simulate the sound of hundreds of instruments. Some versions allow interaction with real instruments via MIDI connections
Documentation • Documentation software is necessary for the business end of the music industry. • documentation software helps keep track of contract info, artist rosters, contract agreements, etc. • Word processors are a necessity. • Like any business, properly formatted letters and memos must be available. Word processors are used just like they are in any other business to keep things at a professional level.
Database Software • A crucial aspect of keeping records of all transactions for: • artists sales • artist contact information • mailing lists • prices • fees
Revolutionized the music industry. Digital Editing made cutting tape manually a concept of the past Poor recordings could easily be fixed More financially practical One program could perform the same actions as thousands of dollars worth of equipment. Recording Software
Protools • This program is the industry standard for recording software. • Gives engineers the ability to fix almost any aspect of a recording. • Bad notes • Microphone hiss • Depth • Volume
Alternatives • GarageBand • Cool Edit • Cubase • Acid Pro • Logic
Art Design • Art design is vital to the music industry • Having good cover art is crucial to success.
New talent gains greater exposure to different audiences Independent bands are exposed to widespread acceptance without the creative hindrance that a label provides. Some argue that file sharing has brought down the sales of CDs and taken millions away from the pockets of the musicians but as a result more people attend live shows which is a musician’s primary source of income File Sharing
Over the past few years there have been countless legal issues with file sharing. U2 vs Napster Metallica vs Napster Etc. Legal Issues In File Sharing
Itunes is a legal form of file sharing by the use of micro transactions where users pay per song to download Illegal File Sharing Programs include Napster, Kazaa, Limewire, and many others. Legal and Illeagal File Sharing
Advertising • Artists use the internet to advertise new cd releases, tour dates, merchandise, and bonus tracks • Samples of new songs are released to entice the listener to buy the album