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MORPHOLOGY PowerPoint Presentation

MORPHOLOGY

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MORPHOLOGY

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  1. MORPHOLOGY • The study of the internal structure of words, and of the rules by which words are formed • Morpheme – Derived from the Greek word morphe meaning “form.” The linguistic term for the most elemental unit of grammatical form

  2. LEXICON • The Greek word for dictionary, or the words that make up linguistic knowledge • When one learns sounds and their associated meaning, they know the word. • 6 yrs old = 13,000 • High School = 60,000

  3. Examples of Morphemes • One morpheme boy desire • Two morphemes boy + ish desire + able • Three morphemes boy + ish + ness desire + able + ity • Four morphemes gentle+man+li+ness un+desire+able+ity • More than four un+gentle+man+li+ness morphemes anti+dis+establish+ment+ari+an+ism

  4. Bound Morphemes Morphemes that arenever words by themselves but are always parts of words Example -ish, -ness, -ly, -dis, trans, -un -un, -pre, -bi (Prefixes) -ing (Suffix) Free Morphemes Morphemes that constitute words by themselves Example Boy, desire, man, and gentle Types of Morphemes

  5. Hierarchical Structure of Words Unsystematic Adjective un Adjective Noun atic System Morphological Rules -Rules for combining morphemes to form stems and words. Examples • Suffix vs. Affix • Creation of new words - Adjective + ify =Verb - Verb + cation = Noun

  6. Funny Morphemes Link to Website with Funny Names (Car Talk) http://www.ethanwiner.com/funnames.html Examples: Copyeditor – Adeline Moore (Add a line more) Accounts Payable – Inneda Czech (I need a check) Pollution Control – Maury Missions (More emissions) Purchasing – Lois Bidder (Lowest bidder) Bart Simpson: Anita Mann (I need a man) Al Cohaulik (Alcoholic) Harry Nes (Hairiness)

  7. How can I teach Morphemes to ESL Students? • Prefixes and Suffixes • Compound Words & Blends (Group work with newspaper and books) • Exceptions to rules (Plural exceptions for child, man, food, and mice.) • Morphological Analysis (Reoccurring Forms on pg 106) • Acronyms & Abbreviations

  8. Exercise #5 Answers (Page 110) • 1 – The morpheme meaning “singular” in Zulu is “um.” • 2 – The morpheme meaning “plural” in Zulu is “aba.” • 3 – fazi = married woman fani = boy zali = parent fundisi = teacher bazi = carver limi = farmer dlali = player fundi = reader

  9. Additional Sources • Morris, Lori. Tremblay, Michel. The Impact of Attending to Unstressed Words on the Acquisition of Written Grammatical Morphology by French-Speaking ESL Students. [JOURNAL ARTICLES. REPORTS - Research/Technical] Canadian Modern Language Review. v58 n3 p364-85 Mar 2002. • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morphology

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