Support to Livestock Production and Marketing in Traditional Rainfed Farming Areas August, 28 – MDTF N OC Meeting Initial Project Proposal GNU Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries
Livestock production is a major contributory to Sudan’s economy - 20% of GDP & 50 % of Agricultural GDP. • Second export commodity (25% of non oil exports). • Contribute to national food security. - Livestock mostly in traditional rainfed farming areas (Western, Central and Eastern Sudan). - Three systems: nomadic, transhumance (agro pastoralism), sedentary agriculture. - An important capital asset (mitigate impact of drought ,crop failure, finance….).
However, major constraints impede sector development - Marketing arrangements are inadequate: • no transparent sales system (no auction, no grading, regulations…) • large distances travelled by animals on the hoof. • heavy taxation on the way to main markets. • Exporters deterred by adverse marketing arrangements and unfavorable exchange rate. Lack of incentives for producers (subsistence production) to sell their animals = Livestock off take low.
Other main constraints: • Conflicting land rights: source of civil tension/ strife between pastoralists and crop farmers ( grazing lands legally not entitled / specified). • Water: shortage, costly + conflict over water resources. - Disease: limited capacity of the government to control diseases / inadequate service delivery by private sector.
Strategy MARF strategy: to provide livestock producers with : 1/ adequate services and grazing rights. 2/ improved market infrastructure, 3/ better marketing arrangements =efficiency. Objectives: 1/ promote better integration of livestock and crop farming. 2/ give more incentives to producers to sell their animals. which would result in Higher livestock off-take percentage, increased incomes and reduced environmental degradation and conflicts.
with MDTF support, MARF intends to: • Focus on key issues, limit geographical focus to maximise impact ($20 M project, 4 years). • Develop an approach that could replicated. • Cooperate with Southern Sudan and create synergies with other interventions (IFAD, EC/FAO…) Two Areas identified: • North Kordofan (Impacted by IDPs from neighboring Darfur, sheep producing area). • Blue Nile, Sinnar, White Nile (important South / North cattle trade corridor, conflict prone area).
Project Components: Component I: Rehabilitation of stock routes /rangelands though community-based interventions. - rehabilitation work (demarcation, rangeland, water points); -training and equipping of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs). Component II: Support to livestock marketing development - development of auction systems (with market price information, grading) at secondary markets; - training of producer and trader associations, - support to the private sector to develop abattoirs
Component III. Support to animal disease control and surveillance - reinforcement of animal disease surveillance control system (training and equipment); - strengthened the CAHW network. Component IV. Technical Assistance - study on land rights (should support the National and State Land Commissions); - study the sector’s marketing arrangements and propose marketing reform interventions; - conduct a livestock population estimate/ census (NORTH AND SOUTH).
Preparation of the Project Proposal - Draft IPP discussed with technical agencies, line institutions and donors. - FPP preparation started with the support of FAO first mission in July/August. Points to be addressed carefully during the preparation process: - Involvement of communitiesand role of agriculture; how to consult and involve all concerned communities in a balanced manner?
Litigation and security: How to assist the native administration ? - Need to set up an implementation structure that: • Respects the decentralised nature of Sudan • Allows rapid implementation while building public and civil society capacity. Final Project Proposal to be prepared by the end of the year