The exploration of the West in the 18-19th century Prepared by BogdanovaTanya (A-201) and MilyaevStas( A-202)
The West • The West includes 13 states :Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming, Washington, Oregon, California, Alaska, Hawaii • It occupies about 3 millions sq km
“Up to our own day American history has been in a large degree the history of the colonization of the Great West.”F. J. Turner • Notion “the West”: • Line of waterfalls-Appalachian • Appalachian-Mississippi River • Mississippi River- Rocky Mountains • Rocky Mountains- The Pacific Ocean
The first American West • Territories of Kentucky and Ohio River 1654-first steps in Kentucky 1792-Kentucky as a state of the U.S. 1729-first steps in Ohio 1803 Ohio as a state of the U.S.
Arkansas Missouri Iowa Oklahoma Kansas, Nebraska, parts of Minnesota that were west of the Mississippi River, most of North Dakota nearly all of South Dakota, northeastern New Mexico, the portions of Montana Wyoming, and Colorado and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River
Lewis and Clark expedition • Quest- explore the territory and find a water route across the country. • The expedition started on May 14,1804 in St. Louis • Was headed by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark and assisted by Sacagawea. • It ended on September 23,1806 • results- gained the loyalty and friendship of tribes and mapped the new territory
Annexation of the Oregon Country • 1818-Anglo-American Convention : -Boundary along 49th parallel between the USA and British North America -This countries can both settle in the Oregon country • 1846- The Oregon Treaty: -This Treaty established the 49th parallel as the boundarybetween the USAandBritish North America to the Pacific Ocean.
Mexican-American War • The war began on April 25, 1846 in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory in spite of the 1836 Texas Revolution.
Mexican-American War • The war ended on February 2, 1848 • The United States gave Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and Wyoming.
Manifest destiny • is a term that was used in the 19th century to designate the belief that the United States was destined to expand across the North American continent, from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pacific Ocean • First appeared in 1839 and was used in 1845.
The California Gold Rush 1848-1858 • Is a period in American history marked by mass hysteria concerning a gold discovery in Northern California • started at near Sutter's Mill on the 24th of January, 1848
Last states • On March 30, 1867 The US Senate purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire. • In 1898 the United States annexed Hawaii and gave it status “territory”
Bibliography • http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MAP/map_hp.html • http://www.nationalatlas.gov/ • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/icuhtml/fawsp/fawsp.html • http://americanhistory.about.com/od/americanwest/American_West.htm • http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/TURNER/