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Organics Produced PowerPoint Presentation
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Organics Produced

Organics Produced

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Organics Produced

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  1. Kansas Green TeamsManaging Home Owner Yard Materials and Other OrganicsJuly 16, 2009Ken PowellKansas Department of Health and Environment(785) 296-1121 (785) 296-1592 faxkpowell@kdheks.gov KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  2. Organics Produced • Yard Waste up to 15% • Food Waste up to 13% • Office Paper up to 5% • Cardboard up to 18% • Other Paper up to 10% KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  3. Methods of Managing Organics • Toss in Trash • Feed to Pets and Livestock • Compost • Recycle • Reuse KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  4. KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  5. Composting • What is Compost? • Organic material which has decomposed into a humus‑rich soil amendment • What is Composting? • A controlled process of microbial degradation of organic material into a stable, nuisance‑free humus‑like product • Why Compost? KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  6. The Process • The Biological Process • Aerobic vs. Anaerobic • Fast vs. Slow • Decomposition • Enzymatic Digestion by Microbes • Chemical Process • Converts Ammonia to Organic Nitrogen KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  7. KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  8. The Backyard Process • Ingredients • Yard Waste (Leaves and Grass) • Junk Mail • Waste Grains (bird seed) • Livestock Manures (No cat or dog feces) • Animal Bedding • Dead Animals??? • Carbon and Nitrogen • 30:1 is ideal KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  9. KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  10. The Process • Moisture • 40 ‑ 60% • Squeeze Test • Aeration • Turning Frequency • Particle Size • Temperature • 120‑1550F KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  11. The Product • Uses of Compost • Mulch • Turfgrass • Gardens • Lawns • Landfill Cover Amendment • Fertilizer Replacement KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  12. Quality • Odor • Color • pH • Pathogens • Heavy Metals • Organic Content • Inert Contaminants • Maturity/Stability • Soluble Salts KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  13. Monitoring & Testing • What To Monitor • Storage Time Before Adding To Bin • Temperature • Moisture • C/N Ratio • Time in Pile or Windrow • Odors • O2 and CO2 • Curing Time KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  14. Monitoring & Testing • Testing (KDOT Specifications) • NPK • Soluble Salts • Maturity • pH • Bulk Density • Organic Matter Content • Moisture Content KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  15. Three Bin BackyardComposting System KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans

  16. Specialty Items • Compost Thermometer • Moisture Meter • pH Meter • Compost Tea Brewer • Compost Spreaders • Rain Barrels

  17. Resources • Kansas State University Extension Service • Cornell University • California Integrated Waste Management Board • Oregon DEQ • Washington DEQ • Private Web Sites

  18. Vermicomposting (Worms) • Topeka VA Hospital • Private Sites

  19. KDHE Mission: As the state's environmental protection and public health agency, KDHE promotesresponsible choices to protect the health and environment for all Kansans