ISTJ Personality TypeGetting to Know You and MeDeveloped by Rita Coombs Richardson, Ph.D. ENFP
Here’s Looking at You Kid • Understanding Self and Others • What Others See in You • It’s OK to be Different • Learning to Flex to Differences Jung’s Psychological Types
Understanding Type • Type is helpful in understanding your: • Preferences • Tendencies • Characteristics But Remember Everyone is an INDIVIDUAL! YOU DECIDE! What is your preference?
Type Indicator The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was developed by Katherine C. BriggsandIsabel Briggs Myers It is based on…C.G. Jungs’Psychological Types
The Richardson Inventory of Personality Types (RIPT) The RIPT was developed by Rita Coombs-Richardson and correlated to the MBTI. It is also based on… C.G. Jungs’ Psychological Types
The Murphy-Meisgeier Indicator for Children (MMTIC) The MMTIC identifies indices similar to the MBTI for children grades 3 through 12. It is also based on… C.G. Jungs’ Psychological Types
Type Indicators • The MBTI and the RIPT examine four Preference Scales. They are: • Extraversion or Introversion • Sensing or Intuiting • Thinking or Feeling • Judging or Perceiving
Extraversion or Introversion • Extraversion and Introversion are complimentary attitudes toward the world. They describe how and where you get your energy. Both attitudes are in everyone … But one is preferred. • An Extravert’s essential stimulation is from the environment. The outer world of people and things. • An Introvert’s essential stimulation is from within. The inner world of deep thoughts and reflections. E I
Extraversion or Introversion • The E acts, then (maybe) reflects. • The I reflects and then (maybe) acts. • The E is often friendly, talkative, easy to know. • The I is often reserved, quiet, hard to know.
Extraversion or Introversion • The E expresses emotions. • The I bottles up emotions. • The E needs relationships. • The I needs privacy.
Extraversion or Introversion • The E gives breadth to life. • The I gives depth to life. • E’s may seem shallow to I’s. • I's may seem withdrawn to E’s.
Extraversion or Introversion • E’s feel pulled outward by external claims. • I’s feel pushed inward by external claims and intrusions. • E’s are energized by other people, external experiences. • I’s are energized by inner resources, internal experiences.
Extraverts • In the United States 70% are extraverts. • They are energized by being with others. • They are stimulated by action. • They may act without thinking. • They are easily responsive, expressive, and enthusiastic. • They have many friends and acquaintances. • They may tend to be intrusive and are unaware of it. • They expect thoughts to take shape while speaking.
In the United States 30% are Introverts. They tend to sit back and reflect. They think before acting. They need “alone time” to make decisions and think. They are not open to others and are quite reserved. They approach new situations with caution. They often wait for others to make the first move. They tend to sit back, observe, and reflect. They are ‘private’ with their personal situations. They must understand an idea or project before attempting it. Introvert
How Clear is Your Preference? Extraverts use both E and Ibut — Prefer E Introverts use both I and Ebut — refer I You decide your preference!
Sensing and Intuiting • Sensing and Intuition are ways of taking in information. Both ways of perceiving and taking in information are used by everyone, but one is usually preferred and better developed. S • The sensing function takes in information by way of the five senses : sight, sound, feel, taste, smell. • The intuiting function processes information by way of a “sixth” sense or hunch. N N
Sensing and Intuiting • S looks at specific parts and pieces. • N looks at patterns and relationships. • S lives in the present, enjoying what’s there. • N lives toward the future anticipating what might be.
Sensing and Intuiting • S starts at the beginning, takes one step at a time. • N jumps in anywhere. Leaps over steps. • S works hand-on to see the parts to see the overall design. • N studies the overall design to see how the parts fit together.
Sensing and Intuiting • S prefers handling practical matters. • N prefers imagining possibilities. • S likes things that are definite and measurable. • N likes opportunities for being inventive.
Sensing and Intuiting • S likes set procedures and established routines. • N likes change and variety. • S’s may seem materialistic and literal-minded to N’s. • N’s may seem fickle, impractical, dreamers to S’s
Differences Between S and N • The source of miscommunication, misunderstanding. • Places the widest gulf between people. • To the S, the N is flighty, impractical, and unrealistic. • To the N, the S is plodding, and exasperatingly slow. • Most notable difference is their attitude towards child-rearing. N parents worry if their child doesn’t day dream. S parents worry if their child spends too much time in fantasy. • An N depends on inspiration, an S depends on perspiration.
Characteristics of S's • In the United States 70% are S’s. • Like the established way of doing things. • Like precise directions. • Prefer using skills already learned. • Are careful and competent at handling facts. • Can oversimplify a task and resist needed • change. • Thinks in concrete terms. • Needs stability.
Characteristics of N's • In the United States 30% are N’s. • Focus on how things can be improved. • Like fantasy and metaphors. • Dislike taking time for precision. • Dislike routines. • Need variety. • Work in bursts of energy powered by enthusiasm. • Need time to re-coup - ‘down-time’ • Enjoy experimenting with new ideas and projects.
How Clear is Your Preference? Sensing Types use both S and N but — Prefer S INtuitive Types use both S and N but — Prefer N! You decide your preference!
Thinking or Feeling • Thinking and Feeling are ways of making decisions. • TheTfunction decides on the basis of logic and clear objective consideration. • The F function decides on the basis of personal, subjective values. T F
Thinking or Feeling • T decides with the head. • F decides with the heart. • T is driven by logic. • F is driven by personal convictions. • T takes a long and objective view. • F takes a subjective and personal view.
Thinking or Feeling • T is concerned for truth and justice. • F is concerned for harmonious relationships. • T sees things as on-lookers from an outside situation. • F sees things as a participant from within a situation.
Thinking or Feeling • T’s are good at analyzing plans. • F are good at understanding people. • T’s may seem cold and condescending to F’s. • F’s may seem fuzzy-minded and emotional to T’s.
Thinking or Feeling • F’s view T’s as heartless, cold, and remote. • T’s think F’s are unable to take a firm stand, are wishy-washy, too emotional and illogical. • Example: An F wife may wish that her T husband would demonstrate his loving feelings for her more often. • A T husband may wish that his F wife would be more logical and pay attention to matters of importance. • The F person needs a T person to present another point of view and visa versa.
Characteristics of Feelers • In the United States a majority of Feelers are female (Men are Mars –Women are from Venus). • Respond to people’s values as much as to their thoughts. • Want others to feel secure and comfortable. • Express emotions rather readily. • Express difficulty in accepting criticism and sarcasm. • Look for the good in people. • Strive for harmony. • Empathize and are sensitive to the feelings of others. • Sensitive to the impact of decisions on other people.
Characteristics of Thinkers • In the United States a majority of Thinkers are male. • Value logic and strive to be rational all the time. • Tend to find ideas more interesting than people. • Tend to be firm and tough minded. • Value giving and receiving constructive criticism. • May hurt people’s feelings without knowing it. • Capable of detaching when needed. • Can reprimand or fire someone when necessary. • Needs to know criteria for evaluation of performance. • Is task oriented and can be devastated by failure.
How Clear is Your Preference? Thinking Types use both T an Fbut — Prefer T Feeling types use both T and Fbut — Prefer F You decide your preference!
Judging or Perceiving • Judging and Perceiving are ways we organize our lifestyle. • The Judging lifestyle is decisive, planned, careful, structured and orderly. • The Perceptive lifestyle is flexible adaptable, and spontaneous. J P
Judging or Perceiving • J’s like to control their lives and sometimes the lives of others. • P’s prefer to experience life as it happens. • J’s enjoy being decisive. • P’s enjoy being curious discovering surprises.
Judging or Perceiving • J’s prefer an organized lifestyle. • P’s prefer a flexible lifestyle. • J’s like definite structure. • P’s likes to go with the flow.
Judging or Perceiving • J’s like to have life under control. • P’s prefer to experience life as it happens. • J’s enjoy being decisive. • P’s enjoy being curious and discovering surprises.
Judging or Perceiving • J’s like clear limits and categories. • P’s like freedom to explore without limits. • J’s feel comfortable establishing closure. • P’s feel comfortable maintaining openness.
Judging or Perceiving • J’s handle deadlines and plans in advance. • P’s meet deadlines by last minute rush. • J’s may seem demanding, rigid, and uptight to P’s • P’s may seem disorganized, messy, and irresponsible to J’s.
Characteristics of Judgers • In the United State 55-60% are J ’s. • Often feel ‘right’ and do not look for contrary data. • Use agendas, lists, calendars, action plans. • Wants plenty of lead time – dislikes surprises. • Interrupting routine may cause distress or discomfort. • Is structured and carefully scheduled. • Work best when they can follow their plan. • Finish one task before starting another. • Want things established and in order. • Are punctual and dislike tardiness.
Characteristics of Perceivers • In the United States 40 to 45 % are perceivers. • P’s are spontaneous and flexible. • May have trouble reaching decisions. • May tackle too many projects at a time. • Problem finding things. • Loves and needs surprises. • Finds the status quo stifling. • Often late and loses track of time. • Get a lot accomplished at the last minute. • Is very curious and always looking for new ideas. • Becomes bored with repetitive tasks and routine.
How Clear is Your Preference? Judging Types use both J an P but — Prefer J Feeling types use both J and P but — Prefer P You decide your preference!
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Sixteen Different Personality Types