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Academic Initiatives & Linkages for Interventions in Eco-Industrial Development

Academic Initiatives & Linkages for Interventions in Eco-Industrial Development

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Academic Initiatives & Linkages for Interventions in Eco-Industrial Development

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  1. Academic Initiatives & Linkages for Interventions in Eco-Industrial Development Prof. Marcelo P. Salazar MSU-IIT, Iligan City

  2. Global Environmental Outlook (UNEP 1997) “ While many may attribute the current degradation of the world’s resources to poverty and burgeoning population growth, the inefficient use of resources, high levels of consumption, waste generation, and industrial pollution are equally to blame.”

  3. Presentation Outline • Introduction • Industrial Ecology Conceptual Framework • Operational Definitions • Eco-industrial Development & Ecosites • MSU-IIT Initiatives • Lessons Learned & Experiences • Some Recommendations

  4. Industrial Ecology Framework

  5. Some Operational Definitions • Sustainable development – is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” (Brandland Commission, UN) • Industrial ecology – is a systems approach to efficient resource use and protection of the environment, with focus not only on devising improved methods of waste treatment and disposal but also on the best opportunities to reduce waste throughout the total material cycle from virgin materials to finished products to end of product life. (US environmental Protection Agency, 2000)

  6. Some Operational Definitions • Eco-industrial development -- is industrial ecology in practice, based on the pursuit of the ‘three Es” of sustainable development: economy, environment, and equity. It seeks to develop symbiotic networks among and between businesses, community and the public sector. (M. Schlarb, Work and Environment Initiative, Cornell U) • Eco-industrial parks (EIP) – a community of business that cooperate with each other and with the local community to efficiently share resources (information, materials, water, energy, infrastructure and natural habitat), leading to economic gains, gains in environmental quality, and equitable enhancement of human resources for the business and local community. (President’s Council on Sustainable Development, USA, 1996)

  7. Some Operational Definitions • By-product exchange (BPX) – a set of companies seeking to utilize each other’s by-products (energy, water, and materials) rather than disposing them as waste (Lowe, 2000) • Eco-industrial network (EIN)- a set of companies collaborating to improve their environmental , social, and economic performance in a region. (Lowe, 2000)

  8. Eco-Industrial Network

  9. Classification of Eco-Industrial Activities (Research Triangle Institute) • Mixed-use developments involving industrial, commercial and residential activity • A site with environmentally-friendly infrastructure, construction, or design • An industrial park designed around a single environmental theme, e.g. solar energy • A collection of companies involved in green manufacturing and production • A collection of environmental technology companies • A recycling business cluster containing firms involved in resource recovery and remanufacturing of waste materials • A single by-product exchange pattern or network of exchanges.

  10. Classification of Ecosites (Research Triangle Institute) • Sites designed around an environmental theme (e.g. green infrastructure/construction) • A collection of environmental technology companies • A Collection of companies involved in green manufacturing and production • Sites engaged in resource recovery (e.g. waste recycling clusters) waste materials • Sites engaged in material exchanges (Eco-industrial parks).

  11. Some EID Sites: Kalundborg

  12. Some EID Sites: Phillips Eco Center, USA

  13. Some EID Sites: Isabel, Leyte

  14. Academic Initiatives & Linkages Projects of most SUCs are more of the environmental-themed activities with some limited connected and collaboration with government and the community.

  15. MSU-IIT “EID” Initiatives • Bamboocraft Technology Resource Center • Nature Farming • Solid Waste Management Program

  16. MSU-IIT Bamboocraft Center Product Lines

  17. MSU-IIT Bamboocraft Center • Aims to integrate major concerns on the utilization of bamboo – from research and development, propagation, technology transfer, production and commercialization. • R & D – supported by the Iligan City Government • Propagation – supported by Iligan City & DENR • Production & commercialization – with loan from DOST & Congressional support (CDF) • Common service facility • Technology Transfer

  18. MSU-IIT Bamboocraft Center Propagation

  19. MSU-IIT Bamboocraft Center Propagation Clamp A 2, 11 poles Soil: Clay Location: Bayug Island Balatakan, 49 poles Soil: Loam Location: Mibala, Iligan City Bagakay variety Location: Abono, Iligan City

  20. MSU-IIT Bamboocraft Center Present Facilities

  21. MSU-IIT Bamboocraft Center Present Facilities

  22. MSU-IIT Bamboocraft Center New Facilities

  23. MSU-IIT Bamboocraft Center New Facilities

  24. MSU-IIT Nature Farming Program Based on the Korean Kyusue Nature Farming System Encompasses animal husbandry and crop cultivation Technology already tested by NCCC Farms in Calinan, Davao City

  25. MSU-IIT’s Nature Farming • Role of Dept of Chem.Engg Tech- --Technology Transfer -- Development of formulations -- Demonstration facility -- Continuing research (e.g., use of corn bran instead of rice bran)

  26. MSU-IIT’s Nature Farming • Product Lines -- Indigenous Microorganisms -- Fermented Plant Juice -- Fish Amino Acid -- Oriental Herb Nutrient -- Calcium Phosphate solution -- Calcium Solution -- Fermented Fruit Juice -- Seed Preparation Concoction -- Insect Attractant Formula Contact person: Prof. Sheila K. Ramos e-mail: set-skr@sulat.msuiit.edu.ph

  27. MSU-IIT’s Solid Waste Mgt Program: New Planned Features • A material recovery facility will be established where segregated wastes are put on stock. • Tie-up with a religious congregation for the sale of recyclables. • Incorporation of a paper shredding facility to handle the paper wastes of he Institute. • Network with the religious congregation who will operate a paper recycling facility, with training to be provided by the Institute. • Linking with the Department of Chemical Technology for the operation of a composting facility that suits Nature Farming. • Link with the farmers for the sale and use of natural fertilizer, with assistance from the congregation for the continuous monitoring and motivation of farmer users.

  28. MSU-IIT’s Solid Waste Mgt Program: New Planned Features

  29. Lessons Learned & Experiences • On Capacity Building • On Micro-financing Needs • On Policy Advocacy • On Academe’s Role

  30. Some Recommendations Involve all the stakeholders in any multi-sectoral economic activity to ensure a common understanding of expected business results and environmental gains. Involvement will start during the planning process, continue until the program implementation and evaluation. Develop project proposals that will interlink different agencies in the promotion of eco-industrial activities. Some agencies like DENR, DA, Haribon Foundation and the LGUs are more than willing to help in this effort considering that environment is their key concern. What they are waiting for are concrete, doable projects that they can identify with. The academe should be a constant initiator in the preparation of project feasibility studies for potential eco-industrial activities, given the perceived local and international markets for selected products.

  31. Some Recommendations Encourage an early development of entrepreneurial spirit among the college students while they are still in their junior or earlier years. The effort of Union Cement Corporation, which is focused on introducing these students to a week-long business management game (a computer-assisted course in basic business economics and management) is worth replicating in the future. The course, to be conducted by volunteer-managers, is free for selected students. Involve the business chamber of the locality for an effective implementation of a collaborative effort along enterprise formation. Availment of the Barangay Micro Business Enterprises (BMBE) incentives is facilitated by the business chambers.

  32. Thank You ………