Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Living Systems PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Living Systems

Living Systems

233 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Living Systems

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Living Systems

  2. Chapter Three: Classifying Living Things • 3.1 Types of Living Things • 3.2 Dichotomous Keys

  3. 3.1 Types of living things • Living thingsare classified by similar characteristics. • Each different type of organism is called a species. • It is estimated that there are over ten million different species on Earth. All of the same kind of dust mite are members of a single species.

  4. One system of classification groups all living things into one of six kingdoms: Fungi Plantae Animalia 3.1 Classifying life • Archaebacteria • Eubacteria • Protista

  5. 3.1 Classifying life • To classify a living thing into one of the kingdoms, scientists ask 3 questions: • Does it have prokaryotic(simple) cells or eukaryotic(complex) cells? • Is it single-celled(one-celled)or multicellular (many-celled)? • Does it get energy by making its own food (as aproducer) or by getting food from other organisms (as aconsumer)?

  6. 3.1 Two kingdoms of bacteria • Bacteria are the simplest of all living things. • They are single-celled organisms and their cells do not have a nucleus. • Some bacteria can produce their own food. • Others break down food and absorb it. Kingdom Archaebacteria Kingdom Eubacteria

  7. 3.1 Protists Members of the Kingdom Protista are called protists. Protists are an odd group of organisms because they have many different characteristics.

  8. 3.1 Fungi Fungi are important because they break down rotting things and return the nutrients to the soil. Kingdom Fungi includes the fungi, mushrooms, molds, and yeasts.

  9. 3.1 Plants The Kingdom Plantae is made up of multicellular organisms whose cells have a nucleus. In photosynthesis, plants convert energy from the sun and store it in the form of molecules.

  10. 3.1 Animals Animals are multicellular organisms with cells that have a nucleus. Beetles, worms, snakes, and birds are classified into the Kingdom Animalia.

  11. 3.1 Plant and Animal kingdomscompared

  12. 3.1 Classifying life • Taxonomyis the process of identifying and classifying living things. • A Swedish scientist and explorer named Carolus Linnaeus (1707–1778) developed a system of classification in the 1700s. • There are currently seven levels of classification.

  13. 3.1 Levels of classification • Organisms with shared characteristics are grouped together. • What characteristic do these organisms share?

  14. 3.1 Levels of classification • For animals, the levels of classification are: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. • At what level are these two animals classified differently?

  15. 3.1 Scientific Names • A scientific nameis the two-part, scientifically recognized name given to an organism, consisting of its genus and species.

  16. 3.1 Scientific Names • You may have a difficult time understanding scientific names because they are usually in Latin or Greek. • Felisis Latin for “cat” and domesticusis Latin for “domesticated.”