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Ethnic Groups

Ethnic Groups

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Ethnic Groups

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  1. Ethnic Groups By: Group 4

  2. Introduction • There are many different kinds of ethnic groups living in the Philippines. • These ethnic groups keep the Philippines’s old cultures, religion and traditions alive. • Now, they are slowly decreasing • Of the new influences • In this report, we will be talking about three of these ethnic groups.

  3. They are the following 1) The Kalingas 2) The Kankanaeys 3) The Tagbanuas/Tagbanwas

  4. The Kalingas Is an ethnic group living in the Kalinga province which is in the CAR region. Name means “enemy fighter” which also means headhunter. Provinces near Kalinga consider the Kalingas as enemies - Keep conducting headhunting in some nearby territories such as Gaddang and Ibanag.

  5. Location • They lived in the CAR region. Specifically the Kalinga Province. - Surrounded by mountains and plateaus. • Lots of rice terraces, hot springs and waterfalls. • Richly given with minerals, timber and non timber resources • Capital town of the province is Tabuk. A) Center of the province’s industry and trade.

  6. - Blessed with good farms.

  7. Culture • Observed headhunting as part of culture. • Considered as a sign of courage. • Had lots of tattoos • More tattoos means more girls. • Made the warriors or “mingols” enjoy their lives. • Also do “Bodong” • means peace pacts. • Renewal of social ties with other groups. • If peace pact gets broken, going after the people who broke it is observed.

  8. Have a dance which is performed during their Thanksgiving festival. - Called, Lumagen.

  9. Livelihood • They are farmers because of their fertile lands. • Also good in basket weaving because again of the abundant resources. • They are also skilled potters • Pot making done near the Chico river valley A) one of the rivers in their province. • They also raise cattle such as goats and chickens. • They also hunt animals using blowpipes and thick wooden arrows.

  10. Pictures of their livelihood

  11. The Kankana-eys • Inhabits some parts of Benguet and the Southeastern Ilocos Sur. Also the Western Mountain Province. • Part of the five Igorot Ethnic groups including the - Ibaloi - Kalinga - Ifugao - Bontocs • Most of them still do pagan practices in weddings and planting.

  12. Location • Located in some northern parts of Benguet, and in the Western Mountain Province. • Built sloping terraces to maximize the farm space. • The land they lived in used to be one province called the mountain province. • It was divided in to five provinces which are - Benguet - Ifugao - Kalinga -Apayao - Western Mountain Province. • Located in/near the Cordillera Administrative region.

  13. Culture • Had lots of traditions in their ethnic group. • One thing they do is that they bury their dead in hanging coffins. • These are placed on cliff sides and faced to the East where the sun rises. • When the sun shines on the coffin, it is believed that the dead members of the family bless those who are still alive. • Also perform dances like Takik, a wedding dance and Ballangbang.

  14. Livelihood They are farmers. Mostly get their food from plants. Some of them are camote, rice and potatoes. Most of their money comes from agriculture. Kamote Farm

  15. Language Here are some basic kankana-ey numbers 1) maid - zero (0) 7) enem - six (6) 2) esa - one (1) 8) pito - seven (7) 3) dowa - two(2) 9) wao - eight (8) 4) tolo - three (3) 10) siyam - nine (9) 5) epat - four (4) 11) simpoo - ten (10) 6) lima - five (5)

  16. The Tabanwas / Tagbanuas • Found in all corners of Palawan. • Believed to be the descendants of the Tabon Man because they are a very old ethnic group. • Have 2 subgroups. - The Central Tagbanwas -found in the West and East of Palawan. - Calamian Tagbanuas -found among some other islands in/near Palawan. • Did the blood compact with Magellan at year 1521 when Magellan’s ships docked.

  17. Location Located in the north, south, east, west and central part of Palawan. Concentrate on some islands near/in Palawan such as Coron, Aborlan and Puerto Princesa.

  18. Culture • Had four major gods. - The god of the heavens, Mangindusa. - The god of the seas, Polo. - The god of the lands, Sedumunadoc. • The god of the under earth, Tabiacoud. • Celebrate festivals every year for these gods. • Usually after a nice harvest. • When these big celebrations appear, there is much singing, courtship and dancing. • There is also an offering given to the god’s. a) This is done by sailing a boat full of goods.

  19. b) Then there will be two things that could happen. It comes back. Result: Sad It disappears. Result: Happy

  20. Livelihood • Practice cultivation of upland rice. • Considered a divine gift given to them. • Also terrific at making body accessories • Made from materials such as wood, beads, copper and brass. • Examples include necklaces, bracelets, anklets and combs.

  21. Language The Tagbanwa language

  22. Sources The Kalinga ethnic group • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalinga • http://www.intangible.org/Features/kalinga/pages/page1.html • http://philippines-archipelago.com/politics/map/car/cordillera_administrative_region.html • http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Igorot#The_Kankana-ey • http://www.reference.com/browse/Igorot • http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Kalinga • http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/Kalinga/id/1895697 • http://www.angelfire.com/alt/shelly5853/ • http://www.ancientscripts.com/kalinga.html • http://www.nscb.gov.ph/rucar/fnf_kalinga.htm • http://www.google.com.ph/images?hl=en&source=imghp&biw=838&bih=849&q=Kalinga+ethnic+group+natives&gbv=2&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai=

  23. The Kankanaey ethnic group • http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rop3=104586&rog3=RP • http://en.wikipilipinas.org/index.php?title=Igorot#The_Kankana-ey • http://sagada-igorot.blogspot.com/2007/12/igorot-ethnic-groups.html • http://climbingforchrist.org/Default.aspx?tabid=2869 • http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=12497&rog3=RP • http://www.reference.com/browse/Igorot • http://www.angelfire.com/alt/shelly5853/ • http://www.answers.com/topic/kalinga-1 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benguet

  24. TheTagbanwa Ethnic Group • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribes_of_Palawan#Tagbanua • http://class.csueastbay.edu/anthropologymuseum/virtmus/Philippines/Peoples/Tagbanwa.htm • http://tagbanua.wordpress.com/2010/04/10/the-tagbanua/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagbanua • http://class.csueastbay.edu/anthropologymuseum/virtmus/Philippines/Peoples/Mangyan.htm • http://palawandarussalam.wordpress.com/about/ • http://www.omniglot.com/writing/tagbanwa.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagbanwa_script • http://www.freebase.com/view/en/tagbanwa • http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Tagbanwa • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_Groups_of_Palawan • http://www.google.com.ph/images?hl=en&source=imghp&biw=884&bih=849&q=Tagbanwa+pagdiwata+ritual&gbv=2&aq=o&aqi=g5&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai= • http://www.google.com.ph/images?hl=en&source=imghp&biw=884&bih=849&q=Tagbanwa+location&btnG=Search+Images&gbv=2&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai= • http://www.google.com.ph/images?hl=en&safe=off&biw=1660&bih=857&gbv=2&tbs=isch%3A1&sa=1&q=Tagbanua+farmland&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai= Introduction http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_groups_in_the_Philippines

  25. Thank You For Listening!!!