Lindsey Sundvik Cara Wanamaker Period: 7 Bubonic Plague
Causes • In the 1200s, Mongol armies conquered much of Asia probably setting off the epidemic [outbreak of spreading disease] • Flea infested rats rats spread plague
Effects: Normal Life Breaks Down • Brought terror and bewilderment to the people • Survivors lived life at their fullest although, some lived in fear • Citizens either hid in their homes, or fled to the countryside
Effects: Economy Suffers • As farm workers died, production declined • Inflation from the cost of labor • Survivors demanded higher wages • Villagers forced off land and must look for work in town • Peasant revolts
Effects: Upheaval In The Church • Spiritual crisis, scandal, and division of the Roman Catholic Church • Priests and monks died during the plague • Unable to provided strong leadership
Reformers Work for Change • Pope Clement V moved the papal court to Avignon outside the border of France • Reigned over lavish court • Anti-clerical sentiment grew • 1378- Reformers elect their own Pope to rule from Rome, while French cardinals choose a rival Pope • Schism (split) in the church Pope Clement V
Resolution • The church council in Constance, Germany, ended the crisis by removing all authority from all the three popes • Pope Martin V brought the papacy back to Rome
John Wycliffe • Wycliffe revolted against the church and believed the Bible was the source of Christian truth • Oxford students carried Wycliffe ideas to Hus in Bohemia
Jan Hus • Hus led the call for reform in Bohemia • Followers were the Hussites • Church responded by persecuting Wycliffe and suppressing the Hussites
Symptoms • Egg sized lumps under arms • Fevers • Vomiting • Black spots cause by internal bleeding • Spitting blood
“Cures” • Christians blamed the Jews for the Plague and thought they poisoned their wells thousands of Jews were slaughtered • Others tried magic and witchcraft • God’s Punishment people beat themselves with whips to repent for their sins Doctors wore leather masks with glass eyes and long beaks filled with herbs and spices in hopes to ward off infection.
Works Cited "The Black Death, 1348." EyeWitness to History. Ibis Communications, Inc., 11 Feb. 2010. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/ plague.htm>. Colquhoun, Jessie, Ms., ed. "Editor's Choice: Dress Sense." Student BMJ Archive. N.p., 15 Mar. 2009. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://images.google.com/ imgres?imgurl=http://archive.student.bmj.com/issues/09/03/echoice/images/ view_1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://archive.student.bmj.com/issues/09/03/echoice/ 82.php&usg=__jcMPHV3FxevAv62pZhUfbmyQnLk=&h=200&w=173&sz=38&hl=en&start=10&um=1&I Dickerman, Edmund H. "The Black Death." Medieval World. 2010. Expert Space. 11 Feb. 2010 <http://expertspace.grolier.com/article?id=10003063&product_id=ngo>. Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor, Ms., and Anthony Esler, Mr. Prentice Hall: World History. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2009. Print.