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PA Dutch 101

PA Dutch 101

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PA Dutch 101

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  1. PA Dutch 101 Video 7: Verbs and Conjugation. Verbs un Conjugation.

  2. Verbs and Conjugation • As you learned in school, a Verb is an action word: to jump, to sing, to play. • In English and in other languages, verbs conjugate. • You have been conjugating verbs your whole life!

  3. Verbs and Conjugation • Conjugate the Verb to play in English: • I play. • You play. • He / She plays. • We play. • You guys play. • They play. • In English, verbs do not change much when they conjugate in the present tense.

  4. Verbs and Conjugation • Unlike English, in PD a verb changes quite a bit. • All verbs in PD end in –E (saage – to say) • There are TWO rules for conjugating Verbs in PD. • 1. Drop the –E off of the end of the verb. • 2. Add the correct ENDING!

  5. Verb Endings

  6. Conjugate a Verb • Conjugate the verb saage for each situation: • Ichsaageppes. • Du saagschteppes. • Ersaagteppes. • Mir saageeppes. • Dihrsaagteppes. • Siesaageeppes.

  7. 1st exception to the Rule • Verbs who have a stem ending in s,ss,sch: drop these letters before the ending –schtis added. • esse (to eat) – Du escht.

  8. 2nd exception to the Rule • Verbs whose stem ends in a w, change this letter to b, throughout the singular and in the dihr forms: • liewe (to love) • Ichlieb. Du liebscht. Erliebt. • Mir liewe. Dihrliebt. Sieliewe.

  9. 3rd exception to the Rule • Verbs whose infinitive ends in –ye, have the stem ending –igthroughout singular. • foliye(to follow, obey) • Ichfolig. Du foligscht. Erfoligt. • Mir foliye. Dihrfoligt. Siefoliye.

  10. Verb Conjugation • Don’t be scared by the exceptions! They don’t happen very often. • Learn the rules and memorize the endings! • It is important to conjugate verbs properly. It is the difference between saying: • I goes to the store. He go to the store.

  11. Iewing - Practice • Conjugate the verbs in parentheses for the following sentences: • Ich ____ (wuhne) in Philadelphia. • Ichwuhn in Philadelphia. • Du ____ (kenne) die Fraa. • Du kennscht die Fraa. • Der Carl ____ (gehe) in die Schteddel. • Der Carl gehtin die Schteddel.

  12. Iewing - Practice • Mir _____ (kumme) zu re Party. • Mir kummezu re Party. • Dihr ____ (bringe) eiereBicher. • DihrbringteiereBicher. • Sie (plural) ____ (singe) en Lied. • Siesinge en Lied.

  13. Iewing – Practice • Practice with other Dutch verbs you find in your dictionaries. • At this point, just try making simple sentences like: He jumps. / We sleep.

  14. Bis die naegschde Video, Macht’s gut un schwetztDeitsch! E-Poschtschreiwe: busterpa@yahoo.com