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PA Dutch 101

PA Dutch 101

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PA Dutch 101

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  1. PA Dutch 101 Video 25: The Dative Case. Dativ.

  2. The Dative Case • As we covered in Video 12, the Nominative Case identifies the Subject of a sentence. • As we covered in Video 17, Accusative Case is used to identify the Direct Object of a sentence. • The Dative Case is used to identify the Indirect Object of a sentence. • Alice buys the friend a book. • Alice is the Subject, book is the Direct Object, the friend is the Indirect Object. • Die Alice kaaftdemFreinden Buch. • Subject – Verb – Indirect Object – Direct Object.

  3. The Definite Article (THE) • In the Dativ Case, we use the following definite articles:

  4. The Indefinite Article (A/AN) • The Indefinite Article does not specifically identify the noun that they are associated with.

  5. Indefinite Articles and Poss. Adjs. • We have already learned the meaning of the possessive adjectives (Video 13). These possessive adjectives take the same endings as those of the Indefinite Articles! • IchschickmeimGrossdaadien Brief. • Der Bu schreibtdeinreMudderen Poschtkaart.

  6. Dative Personal Pronouns • Just like the other Cases, the Dative has its own Personal Pronouns:

  7. Dative Prepositions • Like the Accusative Case, the Dative Case has a set of 11 Prepositions. • The rule when using these prepositions is that the noun associated with the preposition always takes the Dative Case!

  8. Dative Prepositions • aus– out of • bei– at the house of, at, by • in Blatzvun– instead of • mit- with • mitaus– without • nooch– to, toward, after • vun– from, of, by • weeich– on account of • wege– on account of • zidder– since zu– tu, at, too

  9. Dative Prepositions • Kummscht du mitdeinreFraa? • ZidderemYaahrwuhnich do. • IchkannmitausmeinreSchuhnet laafe.

  10. Dative Prepositions • Some Dative Prepositions and Articles are contracted as long as there is a special emphasis on the article: • bei + dem = beim • vun + dem = vum • vun + me = vumme • zu + dem = zum • zu + me = zumme

  11. Dative for Possession • The Dative Case is used in PD to show possession. • In English: John’s car is red. • In PD: Dem John seiMaschieniss rot. • As you can see, the noun doing the possessing, takes the Dative Case which is followed by what is being owned. • The owned object uses either (his/her etc)

  12. Iewing - Practice • Der Daadikaaft ___ (the) Fraa en Zeiding. • Der DaadikaaftderFraaenZeiding. • Die Schweschdergebt ___ (a) Kind (n) en Tomaet. • Die Schweschdergebtme Kind (n) en Tomaet. • Fraa Schneider gehtmit ___ (him) eikaafe. • Fraa Schneider gehtmitihmeikaafe. • Die Karen wuhntnoochbei ___ (them). • Die Karen wuhntnoochbeiihne.

  13. Bis die naegschde Video, Macht’s gut un schwetztDeitsch! E-Poschtschreiwe: busterpa@yahoo.com