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Unit 6: Progressive Era

Unit 6: Progressive Era

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Unit 6: Progressive Era

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  1. Unit 6: Progressive Era OHS History Team

  2. Learning Objectives • Explain the roles played by muckrakers • Explain the roles of progressive idealists • Analyze the progressive achievements of Theodore Roosevelt

  3. Big Concepts • Progressives were Americans hoping to fix the many problems of the Gilded Age. • They were activists, writers, and politicians • Muckrakers were writers and journalists who wrote about the many problems in society. • Their writings helped create positive change and reform • Theodore Roosevelt was the first “progressive” president • Roosevelt passed laws to protect American consumers • Roosevelt broke up some powerful trusts and monopolies

  4. Vocabulary • Yellow = MUST COPY • Green = Copy if you have time

  5. Muckraker • reform-minded American journalists • attacked established institutions and leaders as corrupt • Writings published in magazines

  6. Upton Sinclair • Muckraker who wrote “The Jungle” • Exposed the terrible working conditions • Meat packing factories in Chicago • Unsafe food

  7. Ida Tarbell • Muckraker • Wrote “History of Standard Oil” • Criticized John D. Rockefeller’s and Standard Oil’s ruthless business tactics

  8. Lincoln Steffens • Muckraker • Wrote “Shame of the Cities” • Attacked political machines and political corruption

  9. Robert M. La Follette • Progressive Governor • “Wisconsin Idea” • More political power to the voter • Helped workers • Regulate big business • Direct Primary – voters select candidates

  10. President Theodore Roosevelt • First Modern President • Actively used office to fix problems • Progressive President • Becomes president when McKinley is killed

  11. Square Deal • TR promised the American people a fair treatment • Support the working class more

  12. “Trust Busting” • TR uses the Sherman Antitrust Act to go after powerful businesses • Breaks up JP Morgan’s Northern Securities (Railroad Trust)

  13. Pure Food and Drug Act Food and drugs must be properly labelled Ingredients listed New Government Agency – Food and Drug Administration

  14. Meat Inspection Act • Caused by “The Jungle” • Federal meat inspectors

  15. Conservation • TR believed in protecting the natural environment from big business • Listened to environmentalist John Muir • Protected 230 million acres of public land • National Forests

  16. Chronology Timeline 1905 – Sinclair publishes “The Jungle” 1902 – TR breaks up Northern Securities 1900 – Robert Follette “Wisconsin Idea” 1901- Theodore Roosevelt becomes President 1904 – Tarbell publishes “History Standard Oil” 1906 – Pure Food and Drug Act passed 1906 – Meat Inspection Act passed 1904 – Steffen’s publishes “Shame of the Cities”

  17. Continuity and Change