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War with Mexico

War with Mexico

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War with Mexico

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  1. War with Mexico New Mexico was the name of the vast region between the Texas and California territories. (New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada) • New Mexico had been part of Spain’s colony of Mexico. Mexico inherited New Mexico when it won independence from Spain in 1821

  2. War with Mexico William Becknell traveled to New Mexico and was the first American trader to reach Santa Fe. The route he traveled became known as the Santa Fe Trail. Other traders followed Becknell, and the trail became a busy trade route. • http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/books/applications/imaps/maps/g3_u3/index.html

  3. As trade • increased • with Mexico, • more Americans began settling in the region. As the idea of Manifest Destiny became popular, Americans began thinking that New Mexico should belong to the United States.

  4. The Spanish in the Southwest

  5. A. The Mission System 1. The first Europeans to settle in California were Spanish explorers and Mexican missionaries. The first settlement at San Francisco was founded in 1776, and seven years later a mission system was built along a route known as El Camino Real.

  6. El Camino Real

  7. California Missions

  8. California Missions and El Camino Real

  9. A. The Mission System 1. They were built so the Padres could convert the Indians to Christianity.

  10. Father Serra started the missions in California.

  11. A. The Mission System 1. They were built so the Padres could convert the Indians to Christianity. 2. The Indians became slaves. They built the missions and worked in the fields.

  12. San Gabriel Mission

  13. B. The Presidios 1. Spanish forts were built to protect the missions.

  14. Santa Barbara Presidio

  15. Mission Map

  16. B. The Presidios 1. Spanish forts built to protect the missions. 2. Towns were built around them and the people would run to the fort if attacked.

  17. C. The Ranchos 1. Large ranches which averaged 50,000 acres. The largest were over 100,000 acres.

  18. C. The Ranchos 1. Large ranches which averaged 50,000 acres. The largest were over 100,000 acres. Owned by Rancheros 2. Cattle were the main product.

  19. C. The Ranchos 1. Large ranches which averaged 50,000 acres. The largest were over 100,000 acres. Owned by Rancheros 2. Cattle were the main product. a. Beef – main food (BBQ)

  20. C. The Ranchos 1. Large ranches which averaged 50,000 acres. The largest were over 100,000 acres. Owned by Rancheros 2. Cattle were the main product. a. Beef – main food (BBQ) b. Hides – saddles, shoes, clothing, door hinges.

  21. C. The Ranchos 1. Large ranches which averaged 50,000 acres. The largest were over 100,000 acres. Owned by Rancheros 2. Cattle were the main product. a. Beef – main food (BBQ) b. Hides – saddles, shoes, clothing, door hinges. c. Tallow – candles, soap.

  22. C. The Ranchos 3. Rodeos

  23. Modern Rodeo

  24. C. The Ranchos 3. Rodeos - Round-ups that occurred once a year to separate stock,

  25. C. The Ranchos 3. Rodeos - Round-ups that occurred once a year to separate stock, brand calves

  26. Cattle Branding

  27. C. The Ranchos 3. Rodeos - Round-ups that occurred once a year to separate stock, brand calves and send some cows to slaughter.

  28. Modern Rodeo

  29. Mexican-American War1846-1848

  30. Mexican-American War1846-1848 Goal: 1. Discuss the reasons for and the results of the Mexican-American War.

  31. Causes

  32. Causes • Americans move to Texas

  33. Causes • Americans move to Texas • Santa Anna becomes dictator and abolishes many Texan rights.

  34. General Santa Anna

  35. Causes • Americans move to Texas • Santa Anna becomes dictator and abolishes many Texan rights. • Texans remained loyal to the U.S. and refused to become Catholic.

  36. Causes • Americans move to Texas • Santa Anna becomes dictator and abolishes many Texan rights. • Texans remained loyal to the U.S. and refused to become Catholic. • Border dispute between the Nueces and Rio Grande rivers.

  37. Causes • Americans move to Texas • Santa Anna becomes dictator and abolishes many Texan rights. • Texans remained loyal to the U.S. and refused to become Catholic. • Border dispute between the Nueces and Rio Grande rivers. • Texas becomes a state angering Mexico.

  38. Causes • Americans move to Texas • Santa Anna becomes dictator and abolishes many Texan rights. • Texans remained loyal to the U.S. and refused to become Catholic. • Border dispute between the Nueces and Rio Grande rivers. • Texas becomes a state angering Mexico. • Polk sends troops to the Rio Grande.

  39. Effects

  40. Effects • Mexico signs the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo which gives the U.S.; CA, NV, UT and parts of CO, AZ and NM.

  41. Effects • Mexico signs the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo which gives the U.S.; CA, NV, UT and parts of CO, AZ and NM. • We pay Mexico $15 million.

  42. Effects • Mexico signs the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo which gives the U.S.; CA, NV, UT and parts of CO, AZ and NM. • We pay Mexico $15 million. • Mexico loses its wealthiest lands.

  43. Effects • Mexico signs the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo which gives the U.S.; CA, NV, UT and parts of CO, AZ and NM. • We pay Mexico $15 million. • Mexico loses its wealthiest lands. • We fulfill our Manifest Destiny.