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NATIONAL HYDROLOGY PROJECT An Overview

NATIONAL HYDROLOGY PROJECT An Overview

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NATIONAL HYDROLOGY PROJECT An Overview

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  1. NATIONAL HYDROLOGY PROJECT An Overview Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation 23.05.2017, New Delhi

  2. National Hydrology Project (NHP) Project Development Objective: To improve the extent, reliability and accessibility of water resources information and to strengthen the capacity of targeted water resources management institutions in India.

  3. River Basin State map • NHP: Major Highlights • Pan-India coverage • Web-based National Database – IndiaWRIS • River basin based water accounting. • Advavnced Flood forecasting system HP-I: Major Highlights • Manual Data Collection • Desktop data management HP-II: Major Highlights • Real Time Data Acquisition • Web-based data management

  4. National Hydrology Project (NHP) Project Components: • Water Resources Data Acquisition System (WRDAS) • Water Resources Information System (WRIS) • Water Resources Operation and Planning (WROP) • Institutions Capacity Enhancement Total Cost - INR 3640 Crore + INR 39.77 Crore for NWIC World Bank Loan – USD 175 Million IBRD Duration - 8 years

  5. What is new under NHP? • National Water information system • Standardization of RTDAS • Integration of state and central data and make it accessible to states in river basin scale through establishment of NWIC. • Introduction of state WRIS • Improve accessibility through use of Cloud based database management, web-based applications, standard telemetric system including INSAT, VSAT. • Minimize duplicity for all including spatial and temporal data • River Basin approach – collaborative modeling • IWRM & Water budgeting for River basin with information on water availability in tributaries, streams level • Flood forecasting & Inundation Modeling

  6. NHP Concept Database • Decision Making: Better Planning and Operational Decisions in Water Management • Improved Economic, Social and Environmental Benefits Communication Framework Modelling & Analysis Decision making tools: Basin Planning, FF, etc. Scenario Generation Beyond Project Within Project

  7. Better Basin Planning and Operational Decisions in Water Management D. Institutional Capacity Enhancement C: Water Resources Planning & Operation System B: Water Resources Information System Centre of Excellence Weather Forecast GIS Layers Generic Hydrological Products Remote Sense Imageries High Resolution DEM Collaboration with National/ International Institutes DSS for River Basin Planning AP Karnataka Telangana Maharashtra States-WRIS Krishna Basin WRIS Flood management A: Water Data Acquisition System Capacity Building Reservoir Operation Groundwater management Outreach and Awareness River/Reservoir Monitoring Meteorological Monitoring Groundwater Monitoring Community monitoring/ crowd sourcing State Data Centers Water Quality Monitoring SCADA for canal/ reservoir Irrigation management

  8. A: Water Resources Data System A1 Water Resources Data Acquisition A2 Data Centers

  9. Hydro-met Instruments to be installed under NHP Water Resources Data Acquisition System Automatic Weather Stations Water Level Recorder Water Quality Station River Flow (ADCP) Digital GW Recorder Snow Pillow

  10. Water Resources Data Acquisition System Type and number of equipment (approx.)

  11. To establish and integrate a country-wide hydro-met monitoring network system: Proposal for development of additional modules of centralized database management software: Automatic Data acquisition system for both SW & GW SMS based Applications Module for communication of Data Module for Inventories of H.O & Met equipment at each site. Module for linkage of various data with India-WRIS Development of e-training modules and e-courses etc. Frame Work Agreement for standardization of Equipment is ready Hydro-met network for 8 states discussed & finalized Band width allocation for data acquisition has been made by ISRO Earth Receiving Stations (ERS), CWC is ready Proposal for State Data Centre received from some states COMPONENT A – PRESENT STATUS

  12. Data Collection Platform (DCP) Sensors Satellite Telemetry Satellite Earth Receiving Station Manual data entry/SMS based etc. Cellular Tower Feedback in design NWIC (India-WRIS) Cloud server Internet Lease line Internet Lease line State Data Center (State-WRIS) (Local Server with eSWIS and eGEM software) Spatial & Remote Sensed Information Spatial & Remote Sensed Information

  13. B: Water Resources Information System B1. National WRIS B2. Regional/ State WRIS

  14. Water Resources Information Products • The states should follow the IndiaWRIS standards for integration, • The purpose of State-WRIS is to “serve” and exchange with other stake holders such as Drinking, Agriculture and watershed department. Development of State-WRIS Digitization of Water related data

  15. National Water Informatics Centre • Objectives of NWIC • To create the GIS platform with the participation of all the Implementing Agencies. • India-WRIS is envisaged to play the pivotal role. • Institutional linkages for sharing of data through web map services/web feature services. • Maintenance, updation, and management of national level water resources database and generate new data sets. • Dissemination of customized Information and application products for various applications (DSS etc.). • Develop platform for web based data processing and services • Capacity building activities • Collaboration with National and International Institutes

  16. India-WRIS MOWR, RD & GR SOI NWIC IMD NRSC Water Resources Agencies and other Water Allied Stakeholders for Application and R&D Centralized Data India WRIS CGWB River Basin Data Hydro-met data Ground Water Data Hydro-met Data Remote Sense Data Met & Forecast Data Elevation Model Water Quality Data Training, R&D data River Basin Data River Basin Data River Basin Data River Basin Data River Basin Data River Basin Data CWC CPCB NIH State WRIS State WRIS State WRIS

  17. Knowledge products • DEM: 20 M ha ( 0.5m) • 3 m – whole country • Centralized Procurement of High Resolution DEM • Centralized procurement of RS products: real time ET • Centralized arrangement for weather forecast

  18. B: Digital Terrain model • Entire India: • Existing IndiaWRIS in process of acquiring 10 m. • Will aim to improve to 3-5 m using existing information or Satellite based remote sensing based information. • LIDAR is proposed for inundated area for 0.5 m DTM. • NPMU is coordinating with NRSC to avoid duplicity. • States need to coordinate with other state departments to acquire LIDAR imageries if already taken. Proposed for LIDAR under NHP LIDAR done by NRSC

  19. C: Water Resources Operation and Planning C1. Development of Analytical Tools and Decision-support Platform C3. Piloting Innovative Knowledge Products C2. Purpose Driven Support

  20. C: Water Resources Operation and Planning C1. Development of Analytical Tools and Decision-support Platform - River Basin management - Irrigation management and operation - Flood Forecasting and reservoir operation

  21. Advanced flood forecasting with improved lead time Focus will be on identification of Flood Prone area and development of forecast with more than 3 days lead time 21

  22. Disaster Response: Flood forecasting Disaster Response will be equipped with the streamflow forecast and inundated area 22

  23. Water Resources Management • Challenges : • Trans-boundary issues (international/inter-state) • Increasing Demand for water and competition for water among the different sectors • Inefficient Water Management • Drought • Floods • Deteriorating water quality

  24. IWRM Studies • Approach Proposed under NHP • MoWR, RD&GR - responsible for developing the river basins assessment and planning systems at Macro level (River basin level) • main stream and first order tributaries of the river; • major and medium reservoirs in the river basin etc. • The States - responsible to develop detailed Micro level (sub-basin level) river basin assessment & planning tools. • 2nd and higher order tributaries of the river; • Medium and minor schemes in the river basin etc. • Though both the Macro and Micro level systems will be standalone, yet integrated. • National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) to provide all the data available with them to the States for the development of Micro level models.

  25. IWRM STUDIES EoI for IWRM Study in Krishna, Godawari & Mahanadi basin has been floated – under evaluation Other basins are also in pipeline. Development of systems for Integrated Flood Forecasting 1-D Modeling with lead time of 3 days for Flood Prone area of entire country is almost completed and model will be tested in the coming monsoon season. Bid document for development of dashboard has been prepared. 2-D modeling will be carried out in collaboration with NRSC. The delivery of 10-m DEM from SoI has started. COMPONENT C – PRESENT STATUS

  26. Purpose Driven Support Specialized studies – R & D component • Some key topics includes: • Salinity intrusion in coastal aquifers • Cloud burst • Glacier Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) • Water Quality Studies • Irrigation system benchmarking • Effectiveness of groundwater recharging • Impacts of checkdams on flow regime of rivers/ rivulets • Dam Break Analysis

  27. D: Institutional Capacity Enhancement D1. Water Resources Knowledge Centre D3/4.Project management and operational support D2.Professional Development 27

  28. Component – D (Institutions Capacity Enhancement) Water Resources Knowledge Centre River basin modelling/ Excellence centers: - Krishna / Mahanadi / Damodar - Goa Groundwater modelling center: AP/Telangana Centre of Excellent for Water Management - North East Centre of Excellence for Water, Guwahati - CWC Centre of Excellence, Hyderabad Facilitate knowledge exchange: With internationally reputed Institutes - States may consider reforming WALMIs Centers of Excellence does not mean construction of state of art “Building” only. “Excellent water managers” who could work on water related issues and exchange best practices are must for these Centre of Excellence. Major Challenge would be to establish a center that can continue after NHP

  29. Professional Development Training - Training need assessment of Implementing agencies - Customized training - National level training - International training - Web-based training courses Study tours (International/ National) for cross learning Involvement of local universities for capacity building (identifying local universities by State IAs to build their capacity) Development of Master Degree course in Water Resources/ Flood Management in collaboration with IITs. Development of Centre of Excellence for R&D Collaboration with international institutions (UNESCO-IHE, UNESCO WATER, ICE-WARM etc)

  30. Project Management

  31. Issues Need Attention • Status of Hydro-met system installed during HP-I & HP-II and Need to explore possibility of procuring Data Services • Finalisation of Hydro-met Sites – details of proposed sites along with longitude & latitude Two options Option 1: Commission Hydromet system • Framework Agreement for empanelling the make and models is almost ready by CWC. • IAs will procure integrator services. IAs will prepare financial bid along with the framework agreement for newly proposedHydromet stations. However duplication should be avoided. • IMD data: CWC & IMD is having MoU for sharing of data. Option 2: Procure data services • Some firms are already providing services for AWS (Agriculture/insurance department). • Now some firms are showing interest for GW Data/ HIS as well.

  32. Issues Need Attention • Creation of State Nodes of WRIS - Actions for States • Administration and policy • Match data policy with National Data dissemination policy. • Sign MOU with other departments such as Agriculture, drinking water supply and others to exchange the information and serve through development of applications. • Minimize duplicity • Weather data is collected by several agencies: agriculture, revenue, disaster, university: can we all integrate and use this project to fill the gap. • Join Central portal • Join central web database management and IndiaWRIS.

  33. Issues Need Attention • To follow the Maintenance & Payment clause of Hydro-met system • Constitution of State Level Standing Committee (SLSC) for NHP • Physical & Financial Progress – MIS • Constitution of IWRM unit at State/Central Level

  34. Thank You