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Prescriptions on How to End Ethnic Conflict

Prescriptions on How to End Ethnic Conflict

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Prescriptions on How to End Ethnic Conflict

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  1. Prescriptions on How to End Ethnic Conflict

  2. Realism • Someadvocate discussions across groups to forestall perception of threat and minimize uncertainty. (e.g. Posen) • Others argue only way to resolve disputes is by partitioning groups into separate enclaves. • (e.g. Kaufmann) • Minimizes uncertainty, allows defense.

  3. Domestic Politics(e.g. Gagnon) • International community: strike at root cause of conflict – elite identity manipulation. • Support multiple independent media sources. • Democratization: ensure multiple political parties exist.

  4. Bureaucratic Politics (e.g. Power) • Good reason for pessimism that domestic politics prescriptions will be implemented. • Due to perverse incentives in foreign policy bureaucracies of powerful Western states and international organizations.

  5. Constructivism • Key is interaction and dialogue between groups. • Buildup of “good” experiences to counter bad can change identities.