Welcome to the Intensive Behavioral Intervention Professional Certification Course Instructor: Lindsay Olsen, MA, BCBA Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 Part Certification Process • Level 1: IBI Course • Present for each session, pass each standard quiz with minimum score of 80% and participate in activities, assignments and group work • Level 2: State Exam • Pass exam with minimum score of 80% • Level 3: Student Project • Complete project with minimum score of 85%
STANDARDS 1-3 • Standard 1: Introduction to Developmental Disabilities • Standard 2: Professionalism and Ethics • Standard 3: Coordination of Family, School and Community
Group Activity • Create group name • Research and present on disability • Include: symptoms, incidence, treatment, etiology, learning barriers • Designate 1 person as group presenter
QUIZ • Quizzes 1-3 • 20 minutes to complete
Standard 5:Foundations of Applied Behavior Analysis • Define basic behavioral terms and concepts • PWOP Chapter 2 and 9 2) Differential reinforcement • PWOP chapters 6,7,8 3) Writing behavioral objectives
Terms and Concepts What is and is not behavior?
Terms and Concepts CONSEQUENCE= Bad unpleasant bummer Hurt not good loss Dreadful unlikable terrible
Terms and Concepts Behavior Behavior Positive Reinforcement
Fixed- Ratio • A worker receives a pay credit after assembling 15 pieces of equipment • A student receives a sticker on their chart after completing 5 math problems • A student receives a personal size pizza after reading 3 books
Variable -Ratio • Hitting the jackpot playing the slots. After a varying number of lever pulls (behavior) money delivered (reinforcer) • Scammers sending out emails requesting for bank information so they can wire you money. After so many responses (sending email) someone gives account information (reinforcer). • Door to door salesman. After so many responses (knocking on doors) reinforcement occurs (someone buys item)
Fixed- Interval • Mail is delivered approximately 4:00 each day. You could check the mailbox (response) all day but your response will only be reinforced after 4:00 (passage of time) • Picking up your paycheck. Going to accounting and asking for check (response) will only be reinforced after a fixed passage of time (every 2 weeks) • Teachers setting a 2 minute interval timer and each correct answer on a math worksheet after the passage of time results in reinforcement
Variable- Interval • Jenny’s therapist assessed Jenny’s on task behavior (writing, reading a page or calculating problem) an average of every 6 minutes (4,5,6,7,8). If Jenny was on task she would receive 1 point. Points can be redeemed for extra recess time.
Terms and Concepts Behavior Behavior Positive Reinforcement Negative Reinforcement
Group activity: review examples of Negative reinforcement in PWOP (page 27) Come up with 1 everyday example of negative reinforcement
Terms and Concepts Behavior Behavior Positive Reinforcement Punishment type I (Positive punishment) Negative Reinforcement
Terms and Concepts Behavior Behavior Positive Reinforcement Punishment type I (Punishment by contingent stimulation) Negative Reinforcement Punishment type II (Punishment by contingent withdrawal)
Terms and Concepts Behavior Behavior Positive Reinforcement Punishment type I (Punishment by contingent stimulation) Negative Reinforcement Punishment type II (Punishment by contingent withdrawal) Recovery from Punishment
Terms and Concepts Behavior Behavior Positive Reinforcement Punishment type I (Punishment by contingent stimulation) Negative Reinforcement Punishment type II (Punishment by contingent withdrawal) Recovery from Punishment Extinction
Scream + throw+ cry= mom Crying = no mom
TB + • Claw, spit, bite, vomit
DR Practice (1) • Lacee is a non-vocal 6 year old with autism. She has approximately 5 signs which include milk, cereal, candy and ball. During her 1:1 instruction with her tutor she will engage in a few tasks and then will start throwing materials and scratching her aide. Her aid cleans up the work items and throws her hands up saying she is not paid enough for this. Work time is then over.
DRO Reset • Timer is RESET each time target behavior occurs • R+ delivered at end of each interval (as determined by IRT) target behavior is absent • When target behavior occurs no R+ delivered and interval RESET • PWOP example page 72 (figure 6.1)