ITU-T FORUM ON IMPLEMENTATION OF WTSA-08 DECISIONSAND WORKSHOP ON BRIDGING THE STANDARDIZATION GAP(Nadi, Fiji, 16-17 September 2009) Standards and Innovation -Carrying NGN Traffic Siva Ramamoorthy, Group Director, Tejas Networks
Agenda- Key Hypothesis Standards Help Innovation Innovation creates enormous Opportunities for Nations- especially emerging Nations Case Study – with Carrier Ethernet and NGN Networks Call to Action
Global Telecom Industry - Observations • Huge Growth in Internet and pressure on Backhaul • Significant price pressure • Networks are standards-based- very similar requirements globally • Use of global telecom standards is breaking country/carrier/vendor equation • Emerging markets are driving growth • Low tele-density, large unserved population, large geographies • Needs Latest technology, high quality and lowest prices
Global Telecom Industry - Observations • Emerging Economies leap frog technology • Operators are outsourcing their networks increasingly • Move towards Converged Networks • Greater Focus on Government to Citizen services
Large opportunity for Innovation Using Standards Product/IP Talent Big Local Market • Standards IP Supportive Supply Chain Early Role models
Innovation Using Standards Large Opportunity to Innovate Re usable HW Building Blocks Open Source Democratization of Knowledge Standards Eco System of Innovation
Why is it Important for emerging economies • Leapfrog technology • Lost Capex • Low Opex • Best of breed technology • Enabling local employment • Technology Index Moves up • Larger Range of Providers Interop’ing with each other
Case in Point Applying Standards and Innovation to NGN Traffic
The Internet Continues to explode Source: Jupiter Research Online Population will grow to 1.6 billion Plus in the next 3-4 years
Big Picture 2G/2.5G WIRELESS BACKHAUL MOBILE TV/ APPLICATIONS BTS 3G WIRELESS BACKHAUL ? IPTV CABLE DSLAM INCREASING BROADBAND INTERNET BASE – YouTube, Video-on-demand applications etc. What is the Transport? ONLINE GAMING ENTERPRISE NETWORK ELAN, VOICE ETC.
Carrier Challenges Transport Capacity How to Cope up with the growth in backhaul bandwidth requirements ? What is the best way to transport ? Time How do I provide more stringent SLA, Fault Management, Performance Monitoring? Should I have single infrastructure for residential and business customers ? How do I keep the cost (CAPEX and OPEX) under check ?
Transport Technologies Trends 100% Data Carrier-Ethernet over Fiber (With Synchronization With Circuit-emulation) Carrier-Ethernet over Fiber Carrier-Ethernet over NG-SDH Carrier-Ethernet over NG-SDH Ethernet over NG-SDH ATM over SDH Legacy SDH 100% Voice Legacy PTT Basic Data over conventional Networks Next-Generation Networks Future Evolution
Carrier Ethernet- a Good Case in Point of Standards • Ethernet history • 1976 – Invented by Metcalfe & Boggs as LAN transport technology. Published paper: “Ethernet: Distributed Packet-Switching for Local Computer Networks”; CSMA/CD defined • 1980 - the DIX (DEC, Intel, Xerox) "blue book" Ethernet specification was published. • 1985 IEEE 802.3, the Ethernet standard published – 10 Mbps. • 1995 – 100 Mbps. • 1997 – 98 Gig E • 2001–5 10 Gigabit Ethernet LAN over fiber • Definition of CE as a Service Standard
Carrier Ethernet Defined Carrier Ethernet • Carrier Ethernet is a ubiquitous, standardized, carrier-class SERVICE defined by five attributes that distinguish Carrier Ethernet from familiar LAN based Ethernet • It brings the compelling business benefit of the Ethernet cost model to achieve significant savings Carrier Ethernet Attributes • Standardized Services • Scalability • Service Management • Reliability • Quality of Service Source: MEF
Which technology for backhaul? Carrier-Ethernet
Which Technology for Backhaul? SDH/SONET Legacy Ethernet provisioned circuits 50-ms protection No OAM, no Traffic-engineering Flat network bandwidth efficiency (sharing) Bandwidth in-efficient Carrier-Ethernet Transport Bandwidth efficient Carrier-grade OAM Sub-50ms protected P-to-P and MP-to-MP Carrier-Ethernet Transport for NGN Backhaul • Sophisticated Carrier grade Ethernet transport solution • Carrier grade management and reliability • Evolve gracefully, keep revenues ahead of costs • Lower Operations and training costs
Summary- Standards and Innovation • Large Opportunity for emerging Economies • Provides for a way to leap frog technology • A large eco system of Providers of solutions and products with Standards • Reuse of Known Hardware and Software Technology Building blocks
Summary – Trickle Up Innovation • "The dominant logic holds that innovation comes from the U.S., goes to Europe and Japan, then gravitates to poor countries," says C.K. Prahalad, a strategy professor at the University of Michigan's Ross School of Business and author of The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits. "But now we're starting to see a reversal of that flow."
Summary – Trickle Up Innovation • GE’s MAC 800 ECG Machine • Developed for India and China • Xerox (XRX) hires "innovation managers" to hunt for inventions/products from Indian startups to adapt for North America • Hewlett-Packard (HPQ) research lab in India to migrate Web-interface applications for mobile phones in Asia and Africa to developed markets • Nestle – Maggi Noodles into New Zealand/ Australia
Thank You SIVA RAMAMOORTHY