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Ancient Israel

Ancient Israel

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Ancient Israel

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  1. Ancient Israel Part 4: Romans to Revolt

  2. Romans • Romans conquered in 63 BCE • Area renamed “Palestine” • King Herod put in power in 40 BCE • Rebuilt Temple • Finished in AD 64 http://www.notablebiographies.com/images/uewb_05_img0337.jpg

  3. Jesus • Jesus • Born in Bethlehem during Roman years • Jewish teacher • Respect all • Equality • Follow laws • Some thought he was the Messiah • Greek word for Messiah is “Christos” http://www.join2day.net/abc/L/leonardo/leonardo4a.JPG

  4. Christianity • Followers known as the “Messiah People” (Christians) • At first viewed as a small Jewish sect • Romans wanted to eradicate them • Eventually Rome got on board • Churches and cathedrals built • People converting

  5. Revolt • Jews Revolt • Jews tired of Roman cruelty • First Revolt (AD 66) • Jews crushed • Jerusalem destroyed • Temple demolished • Western/Wailing Wall left • Romans keep going until all ruined • AD 70, Diaspora (dispersion/scattering)

  6. Revolt, continued • Masada • Fortress where they retreated • 1,000 there • 960 committed suicide instead of becoming Roman slaves • Fell in AD 73 http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/images/masada.jpg

  7. Revolt, continued • Jews revolt again b/t AD 132 and 135 • Wanted to worship at Temple ruins • Romans destroyed remains, built new capital, and banned Jews • Romans killed Jewish leaders and destroyed communities • Jews scattered again and Jerusalem closed to them