The Geography of the Middle East - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Geography of the Middle East PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Geography of the Middle East

play fullscreen
1 / 42
The Geography of the Middle East
Download Presentation
Download Presentation

The Geography of the Middle East

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Geography of the Middle East Mr. Mark Gonzalez Santiago Christian School

  2. The Middle East Today:Political Map-Label it w/ Mr. G.

  3. Middle East? OR Near East?OR Southwest Asia? OR….?

  4. Bodies of Water Caspian Sea Mediterranean Sea EuphratesRiver Suez Canal Persian Gulf Nile River Red Sea ArabianSea IndianOcean

  5. The Mighty NileRiver:“Longest River in the World”

  6. Egypt: The “Gift of the Nile” Nile Delta Papyrus-Paper Annual Nile Flooding • 95% of the Egyptian people live on 5% of the land! • Lined w/ papyrus plants

  7. Aswan High Dam, Egypt Hydroelectric Power Plant The aim of both projects was to control Nile River flooding, to provide storage of water for agriculture, and later, to generate electricity.

  8. Suez Canal • Completed by the British in 1869 • Today, the canal is owned and maintained by the Suez Canal Authority(SCA) of the Arab Republic of Egypt. • it may be used "in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag."

  9. The Tigris & EuphratesRiver System Mesopotamia: ”Land Between the Two Rivers” Today the area is called the country of Iraq Marsh Arabs, S. Iraq

  10. Dust Storms Along the Tigris-Euphrates Flood Plains

  11. Dead Sea: Lowest Point on Earth 2,300’ below sea level HighestSaltContent(33%)

  12. Wadis – Instant Springs-dry during Summer, overflowingat times during the winter season due to rains

  13. Ghardaïa (Tagherdayt), Algeria, with the dry bed of Wadi Mzabon the right side.

  14. a Wadi in Negev Desert, Israel

  15. Mountain Ranges in Mid-East Elburz Mts., Iran Zagros Mts., Iran Lebanese Mts. Taurus Mts., Turkey

  16. Deserts NegevDesert Libyan Desert ArabianDesert Rubal-Khali Sahara Desert

  17. Nomadic Arabic Desert Bedouins

  18. 2011 Libya Uprising • The Libyan people are rebelling against the cruel 42 year dictatorship of Muammar Gaddafi • 10,000 Libyans have been killed since mid February in this uprising

  19. Libya Uprising • The city of Benghazi has been captured and held by rebels • No fly zone • US and other nations are enforcing the no fly zone

  20. Major Geographic Problem: Breeding Areas of Desert Locusts

  21. Swarms of Desert Locusts! Israel Hit By Worst Locust Plague Since the 1950s! Locusts Swarm the Pyramids Complex at Giza!

  22. Rub al-Khali:“The Empty Quarter”and is neither inhabited nor traversed by the Bedouins. - Geologically, the Empty Quarter is the second most oil-rich place in the world

  23. Rub al-Khali: • Summer temperatures of nearly 55 °C (131 °F) and dunes over 330 meters (1,080 ft) make Rub' al Khali a forbidding environment.

  24. Desert Oases: Water at a Premium!

  25. Fresh Groundwater Sources

  26. DesalinizationPlants: To provide fresh drinking water

  27. Fertile Crescent

  28. The Fertile Crescent

  29. Completed Map Caucasus Mts. Black Sea Caspian Sea Dardanelles Strait AnatolianPlateau Elburz Mts. AtlanticOcean Mediterranean Sea TigrisRiver EuphratesRiver Iranian Plateau Taurus Mts. Jordan River Zagros Mts. Atlas Mts. NegevDesert SinaiDesert Suez Canal Strait ofHormuz ArabianDesert Persian Gulf Libyan Desert Nile River Gulf ofOman Rubal-Khali Red Sea Hejaz Mts. Sahara Desert ArabianSea Gulf of Aden IndianOcean

  30. The Middle East vs. the U. S.Latitude Lines

  31. Middle East: Climate Regions

  32. Middle East: Population Density

  33. Cairo, Egypt: Most Populated City in the Middle East 17 millionPeople!

  34. The Middle East:Natural Vegetation

  35. The Natural Resources of theMiddle East-petroleum is the most valuable

  36. World Oil Reserves

  37. Persian Gulf Oil Exports (2003)

  38. Saudi Oil Fields & Refineries

  39. Kuwait: An Island Floating on a sea of Oil KuwaitCity

  40. Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers The U. S. imports 30% of its oil needs from the Middle East.