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ibn khaldun 1332 1406 n.
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Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406)

Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406)

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Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406)

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  1. Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) One of the major representatives of Arabic/Islamic science of the Middle Ages http://www.welallarab.com/t3281-topic

  2. Part 1: Introduction Specific features of the Arabic/Islamic intellectual and scientific tradition Brief outline of the sources conducive to the scientific study in Islamic countries • Intrinsic motives and impulses • Islamic sources • Foreign sources

  3. Intrinsic motives and impulses The development of sciences I. Traditional sciences: • based on the absolute truth of sacred writings: the Koran and the Hadith • auxiliary sciences: lexicography, grammar, stylistics, literature

  4. II. Imported or philosophical sciences: • Logic, sciences of number (mathematical sciences) physics, metaphysics • Natural to man, use of reason • Origin in the wake of translation waves from Greek, Persian, Sanscrit, Chinese • Commentaries, original philosophical and scientific works written in Arabic

  5. Part II: Ibn Khaldun, his life and work Two main roles: Prominent thinker and scholar Influential political and public figure http://me-angelandferdaous.blogspot.cz/2012_05_01_archive.html

  6. Ibn Khaldun´s life in brief: • Ancestors – the Banu Khaldun from South Arabia, 8th century moved to Spain • 13th century – the Banu Khaldun settled in Tunis • Born in 1332 in Tunis (Ifriqiya) • Acquired thorough education – Islamic sciences, philosophy (Avicenna, Averroes, Rhazes) http://www.faithinallah.org

  7. Political activities under the Maghrib rulers • 1362 left for Spain – King Muhammad of Grenada • 1363 mission to Pedro of Seville allposters.cz budgettraveladventures.com

  8. 1365 return to North Africa, served many Arab and Berber rulers • 1375 retreat to Qalat Ibn Salamah (Algeria), for research and writing • 1382 left his homeland for Egypt, appointed the Chief Malikite Judge, professor at the Al-Azhar University • 1401 meeting with the Mongol conqueror, Tamerlane • 1406 died

  9. Ibn Khaldun´s works Minor works: • Treatise on logic • Book on mathematics • Panegyric poems • Commentary on Averroes • Autobiography - Tarif Masterpiece: • Kitab al-Ibar The Muqaddimah (the first volume) kitaabun.com

  10. The Muqaddimah (Prolegomenon) • Based on Ibn Khaldun´s unique approach to the study of human society • Analysis of the dynamics of group relationships • Identification of economic, psychological, social, environmental factors • Variety of information on Islamic sciences

  11. Ibn Khaldun today • Ibn Khaldun rediscovered in the early decades of the 19th century • Translated into many languages-English translation (Franz Rosenthal) published in 1958 • Ibn Khalduniana bibliography – books, studies, articles, conference papers

  12. Thank you for your attention islamic-arts.org