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The Bible

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The Bible

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  1. The Bible As a Divine Revelation

  2. Divine Revelation • Revelation of God in creation • The eternal power and character of God are revealed by the things which are created. Romans 1:20 • The natural world being a work of God discloses that God is a God of infinite power and wisdom • There is no clear disclosure of the love of God or the holiness of God. • Sufficient so that God can judge the heathen world for not worshiping Him as their Creator • It does not reveal a way of salvation by which sinners can be reconciled to a holy God.

  3. Divine Revelation • Revelation of God in creation • Revelation in Christ

  4. Divine Revelation • Revelation in Christ • A supreme revelation of God was provided in the person and work of Christ, who was born in God’s appointed time. Galatians 4:4 • The Son of God came into the world to reveal God to men in terms which they could understand. • Facts about God are translated into the limited range of human comprehension. • In Christ not only is the power and wisdom of God revealed, but also • the love of God • the goodness of God • His holiness • His grace

  5. Divine Revelation • Revelation of God in creation • Revelation in Christ • Revelation in the written Word

  6. Divine Revelation • Revelation in the written Word • It is the Bible that introduces Jesus Christ to us both as the object of prophecy and as the fulfillment of prophecy. • The Bible discloses God’s program for Israel, for the nations, and for the church • The Bible not only presents God as its supreme subject, but also unfolds His purposes. • The written revelation restates all the facts concerning God which are revealed through nature and gives the only record concerning God’s manifestation in Christ.

  7. Divine Revelation • Revelation in the written Word God, the Son God, the Father God, the Holy Spirit demons sin salvation man grace angels glory

  8. Divine Revelation • The Bible may be regarded as completing the intended divine revelation of God partially revealed in nature, more fully revealed in Christ, and completely revealed in the written Word

  9. Special Revelation • Throughout the history of man, God has given special revelation. in the Garden of Eden to the prophets of the Old Testament to the apostles in the New Testament • Upon completion of the sixty-six books in the Bible, special revelation in the ordinary sense has ceased. • No one has ever been able successfully to add one verse to the written Scriptures as a normative statement of truth. • Apocryphal additions are clearly inferior and without the inspiration which has attended all writing of Scripture itself.

  10. illumination • As the Spirit of God illuminatesor casts light upon the Scriptures the teachings of the Bible are made clear and applied to individual life and circumstances. • Coupled with the work of illumination is the work of the Spirit in guidance as general scriptural truths are applied to the particular needs of an individual. • While both guidance and illumination are genuine works of God, they do not guarantee that an individual will perfectly understand the Bible or in all cases will understand accurately God’s guidance. • Thus, while illumination and guidance are a work of the Spirit, they do not possess the infallibility of Scripture as they are being received by fallible human beings.

  11. illumination • Apart from this illuminating work of the Spirit of God there is no real understanding of the truth as stated in 1 Corinthians 2:10 • The truth of the word of God needs to be illuminated for us by the Spirit of God, and we need to be taught by the Spirit. 1 Corinthians 2:13-14 • The Bible is a closed book to one who is not a Christian [an unbeliever ] and not taught by the Spirit [ a carnal believer ]. • A close fellowship with God, Spiritual Maturity, can only come through years of consistent yieldedness to the Holy Spirit.

  12. interpretation • The purpose of the Bible as a whole • every text must be taken in the light of the total content of Scripture, as the Bible does not contradict itself • The Bible is God's philosophy of history. • The Bible presents the ultimate, authoritative philosophy of history.

  13. interpretation • The purpose of the Bible as a whole • The particular message of each book of the Bible • The interpretation of Scripture must always take into consideration the purpose of the book of which it is a part. • A study of Ecclesiastes is, accordingly, quite different than a study of the book of Revelation or the Psalms. • Interpretation must be in keeping with the purpose of the book

  14. interpretation • The purpose of the Bible as a whole • The particular message of each book of the Bible • To whom addressed

  15. interpretation • To whom addressed • While all Scripture is given by equal inspiration of God, not all Scripture is equally applicable. • The Word of God is written for everyone, but it is not written toeveryone. • Much false doctrine has come through applying Scripture wrongly. 2 Timothy 2:15 • Thus the question must be raised concerning who is in view in a particular passage. • Primary application might extend only to the individual or group to whom the Scripture is addressed • So, while the Old Testament law was addressed to Israel, Christians in this dispensation can study it with profit as a revelation of God’s holiness

  16. interpretation • The purpose of the Bible as a whole • The particular message of each book of the Bible • To whom addressed • The context

  17. interpretation • The context • One of the important considerations in the exposition of any text is to consider the immediate context. • Often this gives the clue to what was intended in the particular statement. • Scripture which precedes and follows any given verse helps the reader understand the verse itself

  18. interpretation • The context "Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom." Six days later Jesus took with Him Peter and James and John his brother, and led them up on a high mountain by themselves. And He was transfigured before them; and His face shone like the sun, and His garments became as white as light.

  19. interpretation • The context but just as it is written, "THINGS WHICH EYE HAS NOT SEEN AND EAR HAS NOT HEARD, AND WHICH HAVE NOT ENTERED THE HEART OF MAN, ALL THAT GOD HAS PREPARED FOR THOSE WHO LOVE HIM." For to us God revealed {them} through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God.

  20. interpretation • The purpose of the Bible as a whole • The particular message of each book of the Bible • To whom addressed • The context • Similar teachings elsewhere in the Word of God

  21. interpretation • Similar teachings elsewhere in the Word of God • When a theological statement is made in one verse it should be harmonized with any other similar theological statement elsewhere. • Systematic theology attempts to take all the divine revelation and restate it in doctrinal form which is not contradictory of any portion of Scripture. • The book of Revelation often depends for its interpretation on the book of Daniel or other Old Testament prophecies. • If the Holy Spirit is the author of the entire Word of God, what is said in one place should help us understand what is said in another place in Scripture.

  22. interpretation • The purpose of the Bible as a whole • The particular message of each book of the Bible • To whom addressed • The context • Similar teachings elsewhere in the Word of God • Accurate exegesis of the words of a particular text

  23. interpretation • Accurate exegesis of the words of a particular text • The Bible was originally written in Hebrew and Greek, and often there is difficulty in precise translations. • A knowledge of the original language is helpful in determining exactly what the text says. • Students of Scripture who do not have these technical tools can often be helped by commentaries and exposition by writers who are able to give added light upon a particular text. • A careful student will sometimes consult authorities who are able to shed light on a specific text. • Proper interpretation assumes that each word has its normal literal meaning unless there are good reasons for regarding it as a figure of speech

  24. interpretation • Accurate exegesis of the words of a particular text • the land promised Israel should not be considered a reference to heaven, but rather as a literal reference to the Holy Land. • promises given to Israel should not be spiritualized to apply to Gentile believers in Christ. • The rule of interpretation is that words should be given their normal meaning unless the context clearly indicates that a figure of speech is intended Matthew 24:32-34

  25. interpretation • The purpose of the Bible as a whole • The particular message of each book of the Bible • To whom addressed • The context • Similar teachings elsewhere in the Word of God • Accurate exegesis of the words of a particular text • Guard against prejudice

  26. interpretation • Guard against prejudice • Care should be taken not to twist a text into what it does not say in order to harmonize it with preconceived ideas. • Each text should be allowed to speak for itself even if it leaves temporarily some unresolved problems of harmonization with other Scripture. • In interpreting the Bible it is important to regard Scripture as a comprehensive revelation intended to be understood by all who are taught by the Spirit. • The Bible was intended to communicate truth, and when properly interpreted it yields a system of doctrine which is harmonious and not contradictory.

  27. interpretation • The purpose of the Bible as a whole • The particular message of each book of the Bible • To whom addressed • The context • Similar teachings elsewhere in the Word of God • Accurate exegesis of the words of a particular text • Guard against prejudice

  28. Divine Revelation 1. Why is it reasonable to assume that God would desire to reveal Himself to man? If man is the highest order of creature, who has the capacity to recognize and have fellowship with the Creator, it is reasonable to expect that the Creator will communicate with His creature revealing His purpose and will. It is essential to God’s fulfilling His purpose in creation. 2. What is the extent and the limitation of revelation in nature? While the revelation of God in nature is sufficient so that God can judge the heathen world for not worshiping Him as their Creator, it does not reveal a way of salvation by which sinners can be reconciled to a holy God.

  29. Divine Revelation 3. To what extent is Christ a revelation of God? In Christ not only is the power and wisdom of God revealed, but also the love of God, the goodness of God, His holiness, and His grace. 4. Why was the written Word necessary to reveal God completely? The Bible, going far beyond giving details about Christ, discloses God’s program for Israel, for the nations, and for the church, and deals with may related subjects as the history of mankind and of the universe unfolds.

  30. Divine Revelation 5. What are some of the major subjects of divine revelation which could not be learned in nature? It also enlarges the divine revelation into great detail regarding God, the Father, the Son, the Spirit, angels, demons, man, sin, salvation, grace, and glory. 6. What is meant by special revelation? God speaking directly to man as He did in the Garden of Eden or to the prophets of the Old Testament or the apostles in the New Testament.

  31. Divine Revelation 7. What work of the Spirit has replaced special revelation today, and why is this necessary? As the Spirit of God illuminates or casts light upon the Scriptures, this is a legitimate form of present tense revelation from God is which the teachings of the Bible are made clear and applied to individual life and circumstances. 8. Why must the purpose of the Bible as a whole, as well as the particular message of each book of the Bible, be taken into consideration? Every text must be taken in the light of the total content of Scripture, as the Bible does not contradict itself.

  32. Divine Revelation 9. What are the dangers of misapplying Scripture, and why must primary and secondary application be distinguished? False doctrine. Primary and secondary application must be applied to determine to whom a particular passage is addressed. 10. What is contributed by the context of any passage? This gives the clue to what was intended in the particular statement. 11. Why must interpretation of one text be in harmony with other Biblical passages? Because the Bible can not contradict itself.

  33. Divine Revelation 12. To what extent is accurate exegesis required? Accurate exegesis is required if one is to determine exactly what the text says. 13. To what extent should the normal meaning of words determine the meaning of a passage? The rule of interpretation is that words should be given their normal meaning unless the context clearly indicates that a figure of speech is intended. 14. What are the dangers of prejudice in interpreting Scripture? Care should be taken not to twist a text into what it does not say in order to harmonize it with preconceived ideas.