ATON BM1 BAGLEY BM1 KANE (THE MAN)
REFERENCES • ATON POSITIONING MANUAL • ATON ADMIN MANUAL • ATON TECH MANUAL • ATON SEAMANSHIP MANUAL • ATON STRUCTURES MANUAL • SOLAR DESIGN MANUAL
POSITIONINGMANUAL • What is covered? • What is a APR? • Positioning Equipment? Problems? • Positioning terms? • Excursion methods?
What is Covered? • Positioning Instruments and Guidelines • Theory of Positioning • Accuracy Classification for Floating Aids to Navigation • Positioning Methods for Fixed Aids to Navigation • Position Check Evaluations • Aid Positioning Record
TERMS • Accuracy Classification (AC) • Aid Positioning Record (APR) • Watch Circle Radius (WCR) • Assigned Positioning (AP) • Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP) • Most Probable Position (MPP)
Aid Positioning Record • Must be done every time a Floating Aid is visited, or a Fixed Aid is established, rebuilt, or moved • Must be submitted to district within 10 working days or upon return to port • Original stays at unit in Aid File • Original can be destroyed 3 years after Aid is disestablished
CO/OINC must review and sign APR Purpose of CO/OINC signature is to verify: (a) APR complete. (b) Aid on station. (c) Aid adequately marks hazard/channel. (d) Light List/ATONIS/Chart have been verified.
APR REMARKS SECTION • Aid On or Off Station when found. • Light List verification. • ATONIS verification. • Chart verification. • Reason for ATON visit. • Departures from normal procedures (if any). • Inclined Angle Corrections (if applicable). • If excursion was used, the method used to determine excursion must be listed. • Any other information that may be required by the district office.
Positioning Equipment • DGPS – Primary NMEA Strings – GGA,GSA,GSR,GST HDOP-zero bad, no max Not updating for 3 min bad • GPS - NMEA String – GGA HDOP-zero bad, more than 20 bad • CO / OINC call if Aid is ON/OFF Station • wheretherehasbeenanonboardequipment, (hardware)configurationchange, the verificationprocedure in enclosure(7)mustbe performed priorto using the DGPSequipment forpositioning
EXCURSION METHODS • L METHOD CHAIN LENGTH – WATER DEPTH 3 • HYPOTENUSE METHOD CHAIN LENGTH X 2 – WATER DEPTH X 2 SQUARED
ATON ADMIN • What is covered? • Marking of wrecks and obstructions? • CO/OINC responsibilities? • ATON SERVICING FLOWCHART (SIF)
What is Covered? • Training • Correction of Discrepancies • Duties & Operations of ATON Units • Lighthouses • External Relations • Navigation Info • Non – USCG maintained Aids • Establishment, Review, and Modification of ATON • Management & Admin of Short Range ATON
Marking of Wrecks and Obstructions…… • Inform owner of responsibility to mark (Federal Law) • Owner pays expense to mark (keep at a min) • Must be reported to District Commander immediately followed by a Hazard to Navigation Message • The name, description, and accurate location of the wreck. • The name and address of the owner or his agent. • Depth of water over the wreck. • The action or intent of the owner to mark the wreck, and when such action will be taken. • The type, description, and location of the marking, if any. • An opinion as to whether or not immediate marking of the wreck by the Coast Guard is necessary for the protection of navigation.
Marking of Wrecks and Obstructions (cont) • CG may or may not mark • Use appropriate marking • If longer than 30 days, must make permanent
CO/OINC RESPONABILTIES • Contacting owner of wreck or obstruction • Discrepancy Response Factor (DRF) must sign • ATONIS • Ensure a Federal Aid Information Document is updated • Ensure Battery Tracking is used from cradle to grave
SERVICING INTERVAL FLOWCHART(SIF) • Enclosure (7) • CO/OINC MUST SIGN • Flowcharts for…….. Mooring Day board Optic Battery
ATON TECH MANUAL • What is covered? • Testing requirements? • Abbreviations/Symbols of ATON?
What is covered? • Buoys and Moorings • Buoy Markings • Structures • Day boards • Light Signals • Sound Signals • Power Systems • Monitor and Control Equipment
Testing Requirements? • External Buoy pockets not required to Air Test • Air Test buoy hulls after repair 3 PSI for 10 min, • Air Test internal Battery pockets after opening 1-2 PSI for 5 min. testing for leaks, clogs in vent, or cracks • Gas Free Buoys before welding • Test Solar panels, Batteries, and Lanterns in accordance with this manual
Abbreviations/Symbols • Buoy Sizes • Day boards • Range Boards • Light Characteristics
1ST CLASS LARGEST, 6TH CLASS SMALLEST C – CAN F – FAST WATER N – NUN P - PLASTIC T – TALL TYPE A – ALUMINUM S – SPECIAL M - MOORING R – RADAR REF F – FOAM (2ND POS) Buoy AbbreviationsNuns / Cans
Examples • 1N = First class Nun • 2CR = Second class Can Radar Ref • 6FC = Sixth class Fast Water Can • 3NPR = Third class Nun Plastic Radar Ref • BONUS • 2 C 31 105 = Second class Can built in 1931 #105 built • 1 NS 72 188 = First class Nun Special built in 1972 #188 built • 4th,5th,6th class nun & cans = no ser#, short life span
Buoys Lighted / UnlightedABBREVIATIONS • L – Lighted R – Radar Ref • B – Bell E – Electric Bell • G – Gong H – Electric Horn • W – Whistle I – Ice
Examples • 9x32 LWR= Nine Ft diameter by Thirty Two Ft long, lighted, whistle, radar ref • 7x17 LB= Seven ft diameter by seventeen ft long, lighted, bell • 6x20 LI= Six ft diameter by twenty ft long, lighted, ice • BONUS • 6-79-56= Six ft diameter built in 1979, 56th built • 9-33-76= Nine ft diameter built in 1933, 76th built
DAY BOARD ABBREVATIONS • FIRST LETTER……. • S – SQUARE T – TRIANGLE • J – PREF CH M – SAFE WATER • N – NO LATERAL K – RANGE • C – CROSSING • SECOND LETTERS….. • R – RED G – GREEN • W – WHITE B – BLACK
DAYBOARDS CONT. • THIRD LETTER (RANGE BOARDS ONLY) • R – RED G – GREEN • W – WHITE B – BLACK • ADDITIONAL INFO BY LETTERS AFTER A DASH – • I – INTERCOASTAL WATERWAY • SY – YELLOW SQUARE (DUAL PURPOSE) • TY – YELLOW TRIANGLE (DUAL PURPOSE)
EXAMPLES • 6KRW= Six ft wide red range, white stripe in middle • 4JR-SY= Four ft wide preferred CH, red, yellow square • 4SG= Four ft square green • 6TR= Six ft triangle green • 3MB= Three ft safe water, black
ATON SEAMANSHIP • What is covered? • Platforms/limitations at ANT Teams?
What is covered? • ATON Rigging practices and safety • Tools • Quals for Booms, Winches, Cranes • Ship handling / Boat handling • ICE OPS • Cargo handling/Stability • ATON Inland Rivers, Ashore, Coastal waters • ATON Construction Tenders • Lighthouse Restoration
Platforms ANT Teams • TANB- Trailerable Aids to Navigation Boat Not for offshore, 4ft or less seas, Davit capable of 300lbs, 2,500lbs crew & cargo • 55 ANB A&B,C- Different Cranes A&B,C 5-6 ft seas, Floating ATON 3 ft seas A-2,000lb B-3,000lb C-3,300lb No max at stern notch, able to back into a buoy, Cargo 4,000lb • 49 BUSL- Floating ATON 3 ft seas, 10 knots full load +cargo, 6 ft seas, 4,500lb Crane
LIGHT LIST • Number of Aid • Name and locations • Position ( LAT & LONG) • Characteristic • Height • Range • Structure • Remarks
Solar Design Manual • What is Covered? • Solar Panels? • Solar Sizing sheet?
What is covered? • Major / Minor Aid equipment • Solar Sizing Tables by Area • Solar Calculation sheets • Power systems • Internal workings of Lights, Signals • Battery Acquisition
Solar Panels • 10, 20, 35 watt sizes • Floating Aids mounted on top facing up • Fixed Aids mounted pointing South Continental USA- 60 deg angle Hawaii- 30 deg angle Alaska- 75 deg angle
Solar Sizing • Chapter 8 • Take flasher type and lamp size Come up with # of Batteries and Solar Panel size
ATON STRUCTURES • What is covered? • Servicing / Survey requirements?
What is Covered? • Structure Design • Climbing Safety • Inspection
Structure Design • Major ATON Structures- CEUs are tasked with the design. This design work might be carried out by CEU staff, or contracted out. • Minor ATON Structures- Normally little design work required. Structures built by Coast Guard construction tenders (WLICs). The engineering design of specific minor ATON structures, when required, is a CEU responsibility.
Structures Cont. • Appendix B- Data Sheets
Inspection • Chapter 3 & Appendix A- GUIDELINES FOR FIELD UNIT MAINTENANCE INSPECTION • Two levels- Scheduled – CEU, all Major ATON, once every 5 years Field Unit Maintenance- USCG, done on every visit • If unable to fix SSMR and CASREP
Climbing Safety • Must train under CEU-sponsored climber safety training, or a train the trainer • Must have written Certification • Buddy system • Structure 20 ft and higher • 150 Ft or less Safety Observer • PPE
Army Core of Engineers • Memo of Agreement with • Wrecks, obstructions, Survey channels