Infant Nation (crisis and survival)
Introduction • Role of Muslim League in Making of Pakistan • Role of Leadership in making Pakistan • Emergence of Pakistan
We will study Infant Pakistan under following heading: • Geographical • Environmental • Soci0-cultural • Political • Economic
Geographical setup • East ( East Bengal) • West ( North-West former India) • Sea, mountain, Rivers, Desert and Plain • Basically Agricultural Society.
Environmental • After effects of the communal roits in Punjab • Mass immigration form India • Socio-cultural, political, economic insecurity
Socio-cultural • Problem of social adjustment after settlement of inhabitant • Interrelation between with sub-culture with other sub-culture • Problems regarding residential settlements • Chaotic conditions, regarding education, health and local services.
Political • Muslim League role ended as its goal-achievement was creating of Pakistan • It was probably not aware of what next. • Leadership crisis • Illness and death of QA
QA and after • Social, Economic and Security problem delayed political progress. • First constituent assembly • Objective resolution
Objective resolution: • With exception of the passage of Objective Resolution the first constituent assembly could not reach any other conclusion. • It failed to create a powerful organized political society
The objective resolution presented: “Sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to God Almighty alone, and the authority which He has delegated to the State of Pakistan through its people for being exercised with in the limits prescribed by Him as a sacred trust”.
Thus, the Objective Resolution gave the principle of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice with in the Islamic framework • This lead to a compromised between the traditionalist and modernist groups which had emerged on the constitutional issues at the early days of Pakistan’s political history.
Rise of Jagirdars and Zamindars • Second Constituent Assembly • Constituent of 1956
Economic • Economic Chaos • Agriculture • Industry • Road and transport • Absence of Utility services • Employment