Lesson Objectives • To understand how to create graphics in 1 and 2 point perspectives • All students will draw using the 1 and 2 point perspective grids • Most students will created original images for the perspective room • Some students will create original images which are of a suitable scale and excellent attention to detail
I need 3 volunteers….. • I’m going to give you each a marker pen • I want you each to draw a 3D Cube
There are lots of different ways to draw 3D shapes • You probably drew something like this. • Or maybe this…
Orthographic or Perspective? • There are 2 ways of drawing 3D Shapes. • You drew Orthographic shapes. • Orthographic shapes are good for technical drawing, or accurate measurements • But we’re graphic designers! We want to create realistic, stylish looking illustrations.
How many perspectives? • Perspective drawings make objects appear more realistic, as they appear to recede as they get further away. If the receding lines are extended they will meet at points that are called vanishing points. 2 Point Perspective 1 Point Perspective
1 point perspectives on Illustrator Open a blank page on Illustrator. Click the Perspective Grid Tool in the toolbar. What “point” perspective is this?
Go to • View • Perspective Grid • One Point Perspective • 1P Normal View
This is the perspective grid that will help you create your images. • See the small white dots? Try moving them around. It will alter the grid to a different angle. Notice this icon has appeared in the top left? This tells you which side of the 3D shape you are drawing on. Click on the side to change it (or press 1, 2 or 3 to change)
Draw a rectangle • Notice how the shape automatically follows the grid? • Complete the shape and draw a full 3D square. Make sure your sides are transparent! • Remember to click on the icon to tell the computer which side you want to draw on
Letters • Draw your first initial using the 1 perspective grid (or maybe your last name if it’s easier!) Extension: Use the gradients you have already practiced to colour in your shape.
Two point perspective grid • The benefit of a 2 point perspective is that it looks more realistic, because we’re often looking at objects on an angle rather than from the flat face edge.
Open a new document > Click the perspective grid • Make a cube in this perspective. • You now have 3 faces you can draw on. • Swap between them by click on the icon or using 1, 2 and 3 on your keyboard
Extension: • Use the gradients to make your cube look truly 3d! • Aim the gradient towards one of the vanishing points to create a shiny cube.
Perspective task • Open the file called “perspective room.ai” • You have a room to design. • I have drawn window and a door for you to incorporate into to the room. You can do this using the Perspective Selection tool. Select the side you want it to go into to, then drag it into position
Perspective room • You must furnish the room however you please. • Level 3-4 Create a kitchen by adding cupboards around the room. • Level 4-5 Create an office and make a desk with a PC on it • Level 6, 7, 8 Create a bedroom or living room. Rounded corners and fabric will be a challenge! • Feel free to alter the colours/wallpaper if you like. Don’t forget to check out what’s in the swatches menu – there are lots of patterns and texture in there! • You can either draw furniture in 2D (like the door and window) or draw it straight in perspective – its up to you!
What am I looking for? • Attention to detail – lines that meet in the right place. No overlapping lines or edges • Originality – be creative! This is your own design • Effort – This isn’t easy, but perseverate and you can do it! • Drawings to scale – everything should be in perspective and in an apocopate scale to the room/the contents