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Agenda. Activator The Great Schism and the Hundred Years’ War The High Middle Ages Video Clip HW: Study for the Unit 3 Test which will be Tuesday, February 26th. The Great Schism and The Hundred Years’ War. The Great Schism.
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Agenda • Activator • The Great Schism and the Hundred Years’ War • The High Middle Ages Video Clip • HW: Study for the Unit 3 Test which will be Tuesday, February 26th
The Great Schism • In 1300, the Pope challenged Philip IV of France, claiming to have supreme authority over the king. • Philip IV held the Pope prisoner for trial. The Pope was rescued but died shortly thereafter. • Philip IV forced the election of a French cardinal as Pope, and in 1305 the new Pope moved to Avignon (a city in France) to lead the Church from there.
This weakened the Church. • In 1378 the French Pope died. An Italian was elected the next Pope, but the French elected their own Pope. • Confusion resulted. Church ofﬁcials had two popes—one in France and one in Rome. • The situation, called the Great Schism, lasted 39 years.
The Hundred Years’ War • When the last Capetian king of France died in 1328, left no heir. • Edward III of England claimed the throne—he was a grandson of Philip IV of France.
In 1337, Edward III began a war, known as the Hundred Years’ War, to win the throne of France. • English forces won important battles through the use of longbows. • By 1429, the French were in desperate shape. Their army held the town of Orléans, which the English were about to capture.
A teenage girl named Joan of Arc arrived on the scene. Convinced by voices she heard she persuaded French leaders to allow her to lead the army of France. • She was victorious.
The French crowned Charles VII (The son of Charles VI) king. • Later, Joan of Arc was captured by English allies, who turned over to the English, who turned her over to the Church who tried her for being a witch and a heretic. She was burned at the stake. • The Hundred Years’ War ﬁnally ended in 1453.
The Impact of the Hundred Years’ War • Led to feelings of nationalism • Increased the power and prestige of the French monarch. • Caused internal turmoil in England. Two noble houses fought the War of the Roses for the throne of England
The Great Schism, the Plague, and the Hundred Years’ War led to the end of the Middle Ages as religious devotion and the code of chivalry crumbled.