Drugs, Alcohol, Tobacco 4th-5th Grade Counseling Lesson October 2011
WILF • Identify the dos and don’ts of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco. • Define the term peer pressure. • Distinguish between good and bad peer pressure and spoken and unspoken peer pressure. • Develop strategies for dealing with negative peer pressure in order to make safe, healthy choices.
Discuss the statement below with your group and choose one of the following options: • True • False • It Depends It is ok to smoke cigarettes.
Discuss the statement below with your group and choose one of the following options: • True • False • It Depends It is ok to drink alcoholic beverages such as beer and wine.
Discuss the statement below with your group and choose one of the following options: • True • False • It Depends It is ok to drink sodas and tea that contain caffeine.
Discuss the statement below with your group and choose one of the following options: • True • False • It Depends It is ok to take over-the-counter medications.
Discuss the statement below with your group and choose one of the following options: • True • False • It Depends It is ok to take prescription medicines.
Discuss the statement below with your group and choose one of the following options: • True • False • It Depends Marijuana, Cocaine, and Meth are illegal drugs.
What is Peer Pressure? • Pressure is the feeling that you are being pushed toward making a certain choice—good or bad. • A peer is someone in your own age group. • Peer pressure is—you guessed it—the feeling that someone your own age is pushing you toward making a certain choice, good or bad. Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/pressures.asp
Why Peer Pressure Works Everyone gives in to pressure at one time or another, but why do people sometimes do things that they really don’t want to do? Here are a few reasons. They… • are afraid of being rejected by others • want to be liked and don’t want to lose a friend • want to appear grown up • don’t want to be made fun of • don’t want to hurt someone’s feelings • aren’t sure of what they really want • don’t know how to get out of the situation Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/peer_pressure2.asp
Spoken Peer Pressure Sometimes a friend says something to you that puts a lot of pressure on you and makes it hard to say no. This is spoken pressure. Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/peer_pressure5.asp
Unspoken Peer Pressure You might think you are supposed to act or dress a certain way because it seems like everyone else is doing it, or because it’s the cool thing to do. When you feel this way even though nobody has said anything to you about it, this is unspoken pressure. Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/peer_pressure5.asp
Pressure by Rejection Rejection: Threatening to end a friendship or a relationship. This pressure can be hard to resist because nobody wants to lose friends. Some examples of pressure by rejection are: • Who needs you as a friend any way? • If you don't do what we want to do then we won't hang out any more. • Why don't you leave if you don't want to do what we’re doing? Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/peer_pressure5.asp
Pressure through Put Downs Put Downs: Insulting or calling a person names to make them feed bad. Some examples of put downs are: • You're never any fun. • You're such a baby. • You're such a wimp. • You're so uncool. Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/peer_pressure5.asp
Pressure by Reasoning Reasoning: Telling a person reasons why they should try something or why it would be OK if they did. (Nobody said these were good reasons.) Some examples of pressure by reasoning are: • It won't hurt you. • Your parents/The teacher will never find out. • You'll have more fun. Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/peer_pressure5.asp
How to Deal with Peer Pressure • Say no assertively • Suggest something else to do • Stand up for others • Walk away from the situation • Find something else to do with other friends Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/right2.asp
Peer Pressure Can Be Good, too! • Peer pressure isn’t all bad. You and your friends can pressure each other into some things that will improve your health and social life and make you feel good about your decisions. • Here are some good things friends can pressure each other to do: • Be honest • Be nice • Respect others • Work hard in school • Make good decisions Taken from http://www.thecoolspot.gov/peer_pressure6.asp
What Would You Do? Activity • Read the “What If” scenario on your group’s card. • Talk to your group about the questions. You MAY NOT agree on the answer to the questions and that’s OK! Remember to respect everyone’s thoughts. • When the bell rings, pass your card to the next group.
References The Cool Spot www.thecoolspot.gov Child and Youth Health www.cyh.com