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Issues of public health, infectious diseases

Issues of public health, infectious diseases

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Issues of public health, infectious diseases

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  1. Issues of public health, infectious diseases The role of public health in the prevention of infectious diseases

  2. Safe water-US water is purified through settling, filtration, and chlorination • Public health officials would be most concerned with the safety of the water supply following a hurricane.*** Why?? • Public health measures to keep our water supply safe would be settling, filtration and chlorination.***

  3. 2. Sewage treatment and disposal ismandated by US government*** 3. Food safety-US has many standards, inspection plans and regulations dealing food preparation, handling, and distribution 4. Animal control programs-Domestic herds are inspected, rabid animals are destroyed, rat control programs in place in urban areas

  4. 5. Vaccination programs mandate that children be vaccinated prior to school- • The reason public health vaccination programs work is because a pathogen cannot reproduce itself enough to maintain disease in the population.*** 6. Pesticides help to block vector-borne disease – those carried by mosquitoes

  5. Public health organizations enforce regulation, provide public health services 1. National Institutes of Health (NIH)-supports health-related research 2. Centers for Disease Control (CDC)-investigates disease outbreaks, publishes reports, sponsors education/ research, reference labs

  6. Continued… 3. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-monitors safety of food, medicines and other products 4. World Health Organization (WHO)-provides international surveillance and control of disease • If a new disease is reported in Japan, Australia, and the United States, WHO will provide global surveillance of the disease.***

  7. Benefits of public health research 1. New research techniques-rapid identification 2. HIV protease inhibitors (Protease inhibitors are a class of drugs used to treat or prevent infection by viruses, including HIV and Hepatitis C) 3. Vaccine research 4. Identification of better preventative measures