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## Mass, Volume and Density Notes

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**Mass, Volume and Density Notes**Name____________ Per_____Date_____**Metric System**• Developed by the French in the late 1700’s. • Based on powers of ten, so it is very easy to use. • Used by almost every country in the world, with the notable exception of the USA. • Especially used by scientists. • Abbreviated SI, which is French for Systeme International.**Mass**• Mass is the amount of matter that makes up an object. • A golf ball and a ping pong ball are the same size, but the golf ball has a lot more matter in it. So the golf ball will have more mass. • The SI unit for mass is the gram. • A paper clip has a mass of about one gram. • The mass of an object will not change unless we add or subtract matter from it.**Measuring Mass**• We will use a triple beam balance and a digital top-loading scale to measure mass.**Weight and Mass**• Notice that Jill’s mass never changes. Jill is 30kg of little girl no matter where she goes!**Volume**• Volume is the amount of space an object consumes. • The base unit for volume is the liter. • There are two methods for finding volume.**Volume of Regular Objects**• We can find the volume of box shapes with the formula Volume = length x width x height. • In this case the units would be cubic centimeters (cm3). • So a box 2 cm x 3 cm x 5cm would have a volume of 30 cm3 2 cm 5 cm 3 cm**Volume of Irregular Objects**We measure volume of irregular objects with a graduated cylinder. This method is called water displacement Liquids form a curved surface in graduated cylinders. Take your reading at the low point of the curve or meniscus**Water Displacement**• Pour 7 ml of water in a graduated cylinder. If a rock causes the level to rise to 9 ml, the rock must have a volume of 2 ml.**Liquid Volume**• 1 cm3 = 1 ml • 1 cm3 of water = 1 ml of water = 1 gram of water**Water Mass and Volume**• 50 ml (50cm3) of water would have a mass of 50 grams • 1 Liter of water would have a mass of _______? • 1 L = 1000 mL so its mass would be 1000 grams or a kilogram.**Density**• Density is the amount of matter (mass) compared to the amount of space (volume) the object occupies.**Density**• Density = mass/volume • Remember, all fractions are division problems. • Since the unit for mass is grams, and the unit for volume is ml or cm3, then the unit for density is g/ml, or g/ cm3**Density Formula Wheel**• Formula wheels make it easy to solve density problems. • Cover the property you are trying to find, and do what is left over. • To find density, cover the word density. You have mass over volume remaining. So divide mass by volume to find density! Mass Density Volume**Understanding Density**• In the following illustration, each square will represent 1 cm3. • Each g will represent 1 gram. • Mass = 24g • Volume = 8 cm3 • Density = ?g/cm3