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  1. Emotions By: Anum, Ashneet, Julie, Pooja

  2. Emotions Happiness Sadness Disgust Surprise Fear Anger Panic Anxiety

  3. Theoriesof Emotions Cognition/Appraisal James-Lange Theory: There is a snake. My heart is pounding. I must be scared. Feeling follows physiological arousal And behavioral response

  4. Theoriesof Emotions Cognition/Appraisal Cannon-Bard Theory: There is a snake. I am scared. My heart is pounding too. Physiological/behavior, feelings and emotional cognitions are independent

  5. Theoriesof Emotions Cognition/Appraisal Schachter-Singer Theory: There is a snake. My heart is pounding. I must be scared. (Schacther-Singer) Physiological changes determine the strength of Feelings, but Appraisals of Events determine specific feelings

  6. Example: vs.

  7. ACTIVITY #1

  8. Activity: Reading Passage This is the first verse of the song ‘V kosmos my prorubiliokno’ (‘We opened a window into the cosmos’) by Dobronravov and Grebennikov, which was part of the programme with which the Atheists’ Club of Mari State Pedagogical Institute toured villages of the Mari Republic in 1963 (Nekhoroshkov, 1964, p. 31). If any former members of this club still live in Yoshkar-Ola, the republic’s capital, they may be reminded of this song when they walk past the Gagarin monument on the main boulevard connecting the city centre and the railway station.

  9. A long iron rod shoots upward from a fountain, spiralling in the middle of its trajectory to form the revolving course of atoms, then rising in a gentle curve to hold up a small space capsule. Anchored to the iron spiral with one foot is a man with arms outstretched, as if he is flying upwards towards the capsule.

  10. The naked male figure has no physical resemblance to Gagarin, so it might be humanity as a whole that is shown lifted up by ‘inspired labour,’ through the discoveries of science towards the unlimited reaches of the universe. Yuri Gagarin’s flight to the cosmos in 1961 was a great inspiration not only for national pride in the Soviet Union, but also for atheist propaganda: three poems and songs in the programme of the Atheists’ Club refer to the human conquest of the cosmos – ‘the heavens wrested away from the Bible’ (Nekhoroshkov, 1964, p. 49) – and two of their recommended lecture topics deal with the significance of Soviet cosmonautics for the atheist world view.

  11. When members of Yoshkar-Ola’s Lutheran congregation asked me to talk about the results of my two months of fieldwork on religious organisations in their city, I started by showing them a picture of the Gagarin monument, explaining that I thought it exemplified the optimism of scientific atheism – that human beings can, without reliance on divine powers, create a world in which all will live peacefully and happily. My audience seemed to understand what I was trying to say, and one parishioner, a metal worker whose boss, it turned out, designed the monument, said, with an ironic smirk, ‘Yes, it shows the happy communist future’.

  12. Readers: What emotions did you experience before, during and after reading? Listeners: What emotions did you experience through this activity?

  13. Diagram Bodily response: - Face turns red - Butterflies in stomach - Body temperature rises - Heart rate increases - Sweating - Fidgeting - Stumbling upon words Conscious emotional feelings: Fear Panic Anxiety Emotional Stimulus: Round Robin Reading Cognitive appraisal: - Reading out loud is stressful and judgmental situation - Worried about pronouncing words wrong

  14. Alternative instructional activities • Reading and Comprehension purpose: • Silent reading • Choral reading • Buddy reading • Assessment purpose: • One on One reading

  15. Activity: Think of other activities/situations where negative emotions are experienced by students What are some alternatives to these activities?

  16. References Cherry, K. (2015). What Is the Two Factor Theory of Emotion? Retrieved from Gazzaniga M, Ivry R, Mangun G (2009) Cognitive Neuroscience. The Biology of the Mind. 3rd ed. Juel, C, & Minden-Cupp, C. (1999). One down and 80,000 to go: Word recognition instruction in the primary grades. The Reading Teacher, 53(4), 332-335. Leuhrmann, Sonja. "Recycling Cultural Construction: Desecularisation in Postsoviet Mari El." Religion, State, And Society, Vol. 33, No. 1, March 2005. The importance of emotions in the classroom. (2015). Retrieved from