Going deeper into Lord of the Flies Essential Questions: How are names symbolic? How is the text an allegory? How is psychology incorporated into the novel?
What’s in a name? • Did you know that a character’s name is often symbolic? • For example: Frodo (Lotr) means “wise” • Bellatrix (HP) means “female warrior” • Peta (HG) means “golden eagle, or rock” • I wonder what your name means? Look it up this week
Ralph • Derived from the Anglo-Saxon word for “council” • Why is this an appropriate name for him?
Jack • Derived from Hebrew name Jacob which means “supplanter” or “one who takes over” • Why is this an appropriate name for him?
Piggy • Vulnerable, hunted, reduced importance, not respected (doesn’t even rate being called by his real name).
Simon • Derived from Hebrew name Shim’on which means “one who listens” or “one who observes” • Why is this an appropriate name for him?
William Golding, Author • Born in 1911, Golding was the son of an English schoolmaster, a many-talented man who believed strongly in science and rational thought. Golding often described his father's overwhelming influence on his life. The author graduated from Oxford University in 1935 and spent four years (later described by Golding as having been "wasted") writing, acting,. and producing for a next small London theater. Golding himself became schoolmaster for a year, after marrying Ann Brookfield in 1939 and before entering the British Royal Navy in 1940. • From an unknown schoolmaster in 1954, when Lord of the Flies was first published…. In 1983 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature…. Golding died of a heart attack in 1993. • http://www.monmouth.com/~literature/LOTF/student/Bio.htm
What is an allegory? • An allegory is a rhetorical and literary device that means an entire story is a symbol for something else that is going on in the world.
Popular examples of allegories: • Animal Farm • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz • The Chronicles of Narnia • The Golden Compass • What is the allegory for Avatar?
Why do you think authors use allegories? • Conclusion: Authors use allegories to make their point to a larger audience that typically would not be receptive to the message if put bluntly.
What is psychology? • Psychology is the study of the mind and why we think and thus act the way we do.
According Freud… • Sigmund Freud was a psychologist who developed a theory that our minds can be broken into three parts. 1. The id (located in the unconscious mind) 2. The superego (located in the unconscious mind) 3. The ego (located in the conscious mind)
The Id • This part of the mind is always working but you never realize it. • The id’s goal is to satisfy all your desires… the good and bad. What character would this be in The Lord of the Flies?
The Superego • This part of the mind is also unconscious to you. • The superego is always trying to censor and keep the id in check so you do not do anything that society would see as bad. What character would this be in The Lord of the Flies?
The Ego • The conscience part of the mind. (The part that you are aware of) • The part where you make the choice to do what your id’s desires are for you and the reasonable ideas the superego wants you to do. • The ego is the most important because it includes your conscience will and desire. • What character is the ego in The Lord of the Flies?
What do you think The Lord of the Flies ultimately means? • To support your answer, you will read two criticisms by experts about their interpretations. • You will research their ideas and find two sources that support one of their ideas. • You will then write a paper using these four sources as your data.
Paper requirements: • Uses the writing process. • Has a clear thesis. • Has at least six citations for clear support. • Has good organization. • Is written in third person. • Has good grammar, syntax; word choice. • Has a MLA citation page.
Calendar • Beginning of class on Friday (3/30) sources due with correct MLA citations. • End of class on Monday (4/9) an outline and a typed citation page. • Beginning of class on Thursday (4/12) a rough draft. • Beginning of class on Friday (4/13) two peer edits. • Typed paper due at the beginning of class on Wednesday (4/18) with all the steps.