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La France / France PowerPoint Presentation
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La France / France

La France / France

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La France / France

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  1. La France / France

  2. Origine of the Name « France » • The name France comesfrom latin Francia whichliterallymeans « land of the Franks » or « Frankland ». • The Franks or Frankish people were a West Germanic tribal confederation first attested in the 3rd century as living north and east of the lower Rhine river .

  3. History of France In anciant times France was part of the Celticterretoryknown as Gaul or Gallia. Since the 17th century France has played a major role in european and world events . France was a monarchyuntil 1792. The absolutemonarchycollapsed and the 1st constitution waswritten on 1791. France declared a republic on 22 september 1792.

  4. French Revolution • It was a period of radical social and politicalupheaval in French and Europeanhistory . • It started on 1789 and ended on 1799. • The French Revolution was caused by the dire economic conditions in France, the spiralling cost of bread, and the frustration of the French middle class in not having any voice in parliament. 

  5. Under the Kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, France had been supporting the American Revolution  and been part of the Seven Years War. • This had made the country very poor with a huge national dept. • King Louis XVI was an indecisive ruler and his wife Marie Antoinette was Austrian so the French people wanted them gone. 

  6. Louis XVI et Marie Antoinette

  7. The first major event of the Revolution was the storming of the Bastille on july 14 1789.

  8.  In October 1789 the women of Paris marched to Versailles (where the royal family lived, some miles outside Paris) to protest at the shortage of bread.

  9. The National Assembly began to make lots of changes. • On 26 August, the National Assembly published the Dleclaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , which was written by the nobleman, Marquis LaFayette. • Under the new government, the RomanCatholic Church would have much less power than they had before. In 1790, all special taxes and powers of the Church were cancelled. All the Church’s property was taken over by the state.

  10. The Estates General was transformed into the National Assembly, which met in August 1789 The third Estate gained a real voice in parliament for the first time.

  11. The purpose of the French Revolution was to overthrow a cruel regime. The ancian regime was oppressing the people and many of them had had enough. They overthrew the government and wanted to establish a democracy .

  12. The French enlightenment • François Marie Arouet ( Voltaire) • Famous for hiswit and for hisadvocacy of civil libertiesincludingfreedom of religion and free trade.

  13. Le Baron de Montesquieu • He belongs to a noble family • He wasfamous by hiscritics of the goverment and the french society.

  14. Jean Jaques Rousseau

  15. Literature • Molière •  is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature.

  16. Places to visit in Paris the city of lights • Panthéon ( quartier latin) 5ème arrondissement

  17. 1er janvier 1999 L’Euro a été introduit

  18. Victor Hugo • Notre dame de Paris et Les misérables ,, • Napoleon le petit

  19. Marie Curie Nobel Price

  20. Arch of Triumph

  21. Centre Georges Pompidou

  22. Bibliothèque publique d'information, a vast public library, the Musée National d'Art Modernewhichis the largestmuseum for modern art in Europe

  23. Montmartre

  24. Eiffel Tower

  25. Crêpe

  26. Jambon

  27. Cuisses de grenouille

  28. Baguette

  29. Escargots

  30. L’opéra

  31. Brioche parisienne

  32. Brie