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26-28 January 2009 Accra, Ghana

26-28 January 2009 Accra, Ghana. Household satellite accounts on production and consumption of unpaid work services. Proposed methodology. Global Forum on Gender Statistics. María Eugenia Gómez Luna Coordinación de Asesores. INEGI. 1. Objective.

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26-28 January 2009 Accra, Ghana

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  1. 26-28 January 2009 Accra, Ghana Household satellite accounts on production and consumption of unpaid work services. Proposed methodology Global Forum on Gender Statistics María Eugenia Gómez Luna Coordinación de Asesores. INEGI 1

  2. Objective This presentation deals with a proposed methodology to compile satellite accounts on production and consumption of UNPAID HOUSEHOLD SERVICES within the System of National Accounts 1993, using the National Time Use Survey and the System of National Accounts of Mexico, 2002

  3. A point to start: Productive ActivitiesOUTPUT ECONOMIC OUTPUT Paid Work SNA Goods and services General Production I. Productive Activities No SCN Unpaid Services Unpaid Work • Personal benefits • Learning • Entertainment • Personal care … II. Personal Activities HUMAN ACTIVITIES

  4. The SNA boundary Unpaid household services, are not within SNA boundary It is necessary a monetary value to know the magnitude of the unpaid work output in the same way of other economic activities It is necessary to compile a satellite account to have the total household production and consumption Production _______________ 100.0% Market production_____ 87.9% Own account final production______ 5.5% Other non market production___________ 6.6%

  5. Household Satellite Accounts will enlarge the boundaries Including a new concept of work: Paid and unpaid as a total Extending the household production boundary Extending the SNA production and GDP boundary Extending the SNA consumption boundary

  6. Extended SNA production boundary= General Production + SCN No SCN 6

  7. PROPOSAL METHODOLOGY -The objective of household satellite accounts • General aproach • The boundary of the productive household activities The value of unpaid work The main results

  8. Main Objectives of the HHSA Provide estimation on production, gross domestic product, private consumption and compiles satellite accounts Contribute to recognize unpaid work as part of a new concept of work, TOTAL WORK Make visible women and men contributions to the economy and to the society ( reproduction and wellbeing) Make visible the differences on the unpaid work distribution between women and men within the household Have a set of statistics and indicators within the SNA framework to improve gender-sensitive measures and knowledge on the household economy to planning, policies makers and monitoring. Contribute to construct a sensitive gender framework

  9. How to make a monetary value to unpaid household services? Measuring the output according to the cost incurred Considering that the only one input is unpaid work. Only time of primary activities is taken into calculations Usingphysicalunits of time “spendon” productiveactivities and a suitable “wage” of similar activities Quantity of hoursx “wage” per hour Q x P = OUTPUT

  10. Data Sources • National Time Use Survey 2002 Activities and quantity of time “spending on” • National Income and Expenditures HH Survey 2002 “market wage” per hour of activities alike household activities . System of National Accounts of Mexico, 2002 Conceptual and quantity framework Goods and Services Accounts Institutional Sector Accounts

  11. Quantity data source: Time Use Survey 2002 Some relevant characteristics Population: 12 and up years Survey instrument : Questionnaire Preselected activities 15 Main activities categories (close to ICATUS) Collecting period 18 November – 13 December as soon as National Incomes and Expenditures Household Survey finished Data presentation: Weekly data Data base available 11

  12. It is necessary to classified the productive actities Cooking Washing dishes Cleaning dwelling Carrying water, picking up wood or waste disposal Laundry, ironing or sewing clothes Tending domestic animals Health care Caring for children or household members Transporting a household member to work or school Purchasing groceries Paying and managment Dwelling repairs 4.0 9.7 2.1 4.3 2.2 3.7 1.4 2.4 2.0 3.5 5.8 3.7 2.6 3.9 3.3 4.9 2.3 3.0 2.7 3.3 1.4 1.6 2.4 3.6 Men Women Source: INEGI. Encuesta Nacional sobre Uso del Tiempo, 2002 (National Time Use Survey, 2002)

  13. “Third party criterion” is used to identify the unpaid household productive activities 13 Source: Guide to producing statistics on Time Use: Measuring Paid and Unpaid Work Use

  14. We can construct an indicator with physical data, hours a weekTOTAL WORK and WOMEN and MEN CONTRIBUTIONS 14

  15. Annual monetary value added of unpaid household services Number of hours of each unpaid productive activity X 50 Weeks = Total annual hours ……………… Q “Wage” per hour*of each unpaid activity, one for woman and one for man, …………………… P Imputing Monetary Value Q . P= Gross value added by activity *In general, it is the income received 15

  16. Alternatives to value the UPW and the impact on the contribution to the GDP Canada 16 Source: Satistique Canada. Travail non rémunéré des ménages: mesure et évaluation. 1995

  17. General Gross Domestic Product , includes unpaid household services Billions of pesos

  18. Women and men contributions to monetary value added of unpaid household services

  19. Women and men contributions to Gross Domestic Product of unpaid household services. Quantity and monetary value Quantity of unpaid work time Value of unpaid work

  20. 27.0 20.0 23.7 18.6 13.4 10.7 5.1 4.0 1.4 1.3 GD1 GD2 GD3 GD4 GD5 GD6 GD7 GD8 GD9 The contribution of unpaid hh services to GDP is equivalent to 23.7 % of total GDP Unpaid HH services s Source : MEGL , with INEGI data. .

  21. Men and women contribution to the total value of unpaid household services Fuente: INEGI. Encuesta Nacional sobre Uso del Tiempo (ENUT), 2002

  22. Unpaid care health services contribute with 11.3 % to the new Health GDP • Heath is a mixture production: -Private, public, and hh sector. • Temporary sick's care is one of the most relevant unpaid activity • Women are the health careers and also the most users. • Health care is something “normal” for women, with relevant social and labor costs

  23. Satellite account of unpaid household servicesand the total economy

  24. Production and Consumption Satellite Accounts

  25. Thank you Your comments are welcome makena.gomez@inegi.org.mx

  26. Tiempo dedicado a los servicios no remunerados de los hogares y aportaciones en las horas dedicadas y en el valor de los servicios Horas dedicadas a la semana (miles) Aportaciones al tiempo dedicado % Icatus Denominación HOMBRES MUJERES TOTAL HOMBRES MUJERES TOTAL HOMBRES MUJERES TOTAL 308,264.4 1,611,485.5 1,919,749.9 16.1 83.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 TOTAL Servicios Domésticos no remunerados de los hogares 06 211,395.2 1,325,581.5 1,536,976.7 13.8 86.2 100.0 68.6 82.3 80.1 Preparación de alimentos 35,964.9 444,752.4 480,717.3 7.5 92.5 100.0 11.7 27.6 25.0 Lavar los trastes 10,401.6 133,328.1 143,729.8 7.2 92.8 100.0 3.4 8.3 7.5 Limpieza de la vivienda 57,042.1 376,547.5 433,589.6 13.2 86.8 100.0 18.5 23.4 22.6 Limpieza de la ropa y calzado 30,507.3 246,624.3 277,131.6 11.0 89.0 100.0 9.9 15.3 14.4 Reparaciones menores y mantenimiento 22,113.6 5,682.9 27,796.5 79.6 20.4 100.0 7.2 0.4 1.4 Realizar pagos o trámites para el hogar 7,178.5 8,472.2 15,650.6 45.9 54.1 100.0 2.3 0.5 0.8 Administración y compras 48,187.3 110,174.1 158,361.3 30.4 69.6 100.0 15.6 6.8 8.2 Servicios no remunerados de cuidado de miembros del hogar 07 82,739.8 263,505.6 346,245.4 23.9 76.1 100.0 26.8 16.4 18.0 Cuidado de niños 54,388.1 181,658.4 236,046.5 23.0 77.0 100.0 17.6 11.3 12.3 Cuidados de salud 6,980.6 17,305.7 24,286.3 28.7 71.3 100.0 2.3 1.1 1.3 Cuidados a otros miembros del hogar 21,371.1 64,541.5 85,912.6 24.9 75.1 100.0 6.9 4.0 4.5 Servicios a la comunidad y a otros hogares 08 14,129.4 22,398.4 36,527.9 38.7 61.3 100.0 4.6 1.4 1.9 Ayudar a otros hogares o familiares 9,422.9 18,840.2 28,263.0 33.3 66.7 100.0 3.1 1.2 1.5 Participar en alguna act social, o 4,706.6 3,558.3 8,264.8 56.9 43.1 100.0 1.5 0.2 0.4 mejoras a la comunidad Fuente: MEGL Estimaciones propias con base en la ENUT y ENIGH2002 26

  27. Puntos de partida • El trabajo es un factor de producción cuyos resultados se traducen en bienes y servicios • El trabajo no remunerado que se realiza en los hogares para sus propios miembros se incorpora en actividades productivas cuyo resultado se traduce en servicios • Los hogares proporcionan servicios domésticos y de cuidado de personas a otros hogares • Servicios comunitarios • Trabajo voluntario

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