Fabric Construction Teen Living 2011
A: Crosswise B: Bias C: Lengthwise D: Selvage
Fabric Terms • Bias: crosswise direction in fabric that runs at 45 degree angle • Crosswise: weft yarns, run perpendicular to selvage • Grain: One thread in the fabric • Lengthwise: warp yarns, run parallel to selvage • Parallel: lines equidistant to each other • Perpendicular: lines or an angle at a 90 degree angle • Selvage: finished edge of fabric made of weft and warp yarns • Torn Edge: cut or torn edge of the fabric
A fabric is ON GRAIN when the crosswise and lengthwise threads run at a RIGHT angle to each other.
Warp is another name for the LENGTHWISE threadsWeft is another name for the CROSSWISE threads
The process that helps fabric stay in the dimensional shape it is pressed in is BLOCKING. • Crochet samples during blocking. After soaking in hot water these items were shaped and laid to dry on a towel.