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Lección Preliminar

Lección Preliminar

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Lección Preliminar

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  1. Lección Preliminar

  2. Just like in English, we have a variety of ways to give greetings and salutations in Spanish How many COMMON ways do we have to say hello in English?How many COMMON ways do we have of saying goodbye in English? Hi hello hey what’s up? Cya Later Bye

  3. Based on the dialogue on pages 2-3, what are some common greetings in Spanish?1. 2. 3. 4.And salutations?1. 2. 3. 4. Hola/Qué tal Buenos días Buenas tardes Buenas noches Hasta luego Hasta mañana Adiós Buenas noches

  4. ¡A responder! Listen to these people greeting and saying goodbye. Wave toward the front of the room if you hear a greeting or toward the back of the room if you hear a goodbye. Then mark G for greeting or S for salutation along with what each individual said. Buenos días G S Hasta mañana S Adiós G ¿Qué tal? G Buenas tardes S Hasta luego

  5. Asking how someone is and saying how you areTo find out how a friend is, you could ask: 1. 2. OR To find out how things are, you could ask: 1. 2. ¿Cómo estás? ¿Cómo está? ¿Qué tal? ¿Qué pasa?

  6. Your friend might say OR if you are responding to somebody who has asked how you are, you could say:Estoy bien, gracias Regular Yo también Mas o menos.Estupendo/a [Muy] mal.Excelente iHorrible!

  7. ¿Cómo estás? and ¿Cómo está usted? both mean _________________. ¿Cómo estás? and ¿Y tú? are ___________ phrases used with: ¿Cómo está usted? and ¿Y usted? are __________ phrases used with: Other familiar greetings: How are you? familiar A person your own age, a relative, someone that you call by their first name formal A person you don’t know, someone older, a person to whom you want to show respect ¿Qué tal? ¿Qué pasa?

  8. Pronunciación – la letra H In Spanish, the letter H is always silent. Listen and repeat. Now write the following words that Señora MUSTELIER will say: 1. 2. 3. 4. Hola Hugo Hasta luego Hola, Héctor.

  9. Did you get it??? (if not…practice at page 5Tell a friend good morning.Ask a friend how he or she is.Say goodbye to your teacher. ¡Hola! ¡Buenos días! ¿Cómo estás? Adios.

  10. Introducing people and responding to introductions Se llama… Me llamo… Soy… Te/Le presento a… ¿Cómo te llamas? ¿Quién es? ¿Cómo se llama?

  11. Mucho gusto Encantado/a El gusto es mío Igualmente LLAMAR really means _______________ so… To call I call myself We call ourselves You call yourself He/She/You (f) call yourself They all call themselves

  12. ¡A responder! Listen to four people make introductions. Write MYSELF if the person is introducing themselves, and write SOMEONE ELSE if they are introducing another person. SE ME ME SE ¡Practiquemos! ¿Cómo te llamas? página 8 Libro de texto A. Choose the correct response to each question or statement.

  13. B. Complete the conversation with the correct words. LLAMO CÓMO LLAMO MUCHO GUSTO IGUALMENTE ¿Cómo te llamas? and ¿Cómo se llama? both mean ________________. Te presento a… and Le presento a… both mean ___________________. ¿Cómo te llamas? and Te presento a…are _____________ phrases used with: ¿Cómo se llama? and Le presento a… are __________ phrases used with: What do you call yourself? I present to you… familiar A person your own age, a relative, someone that you call by their first name formal A person you don’t know, someone older, a person to whom you want to show respect

  14. Listen to seven sentences from Señora Mustelier. Mark if the statement/question is familiar or formal by writing TÚ for familiar and USTED for formal. UD TÚ TÚ TÚ UD UD UD Did you get it??? (if not…practice at Complete each statement.

  15. In Spanish, the vowels are a, e, i, o, and u. Each vowel is ___________ pronounced the same way. Spanish vowels are always _______ & ____________. Write example words below: a as in ___________ e as in ___________ i sounds like ___________ o as in ___________ u sounds like ___________ Pronunciación – las vocales pp11 ALWAYS SHORT CRISP FATHER HEY MEET WOKE BOOT

  16. ¡A responder!Listen to someone dictate an invitation list for a party. Write down each name as it is spelled. Guillermo Alejandro Yolanda Ximena Hugo Toño Beatriz Josefina

  17. Did you get it??? (if not…practice at Complete each statement. Write 10 words in Spanish. Do not see any paper try to memorizer

  18. Metas del dia • Yo puedo…. • Introduce myself • Ask “What is your name? • Ask “Where are you from?” • Answer “I am from….” • Ask “How are you?” • Answer “I am ……..”

  19. ¿De dónde eres? Pp 12To ask where someone is from, you could say…¿De dónde eres? OR ¿De dónde es?To respond…Soy de…Es de… Where are you from? From where is he/she/Usted? I am from… He/She/Usted is from…

  20. ¡Practiquemos! 11 Es de… pp14Indicate where each person is from, according to the number on the map.1. Andrea/5 2. Tomás/8 3. Nicolás/4 4. Sofía/2 5. Verónica/3 6. Mateo/9 7. Consuelo/1 8. Pablo/6 Es de Bolivia. Es de Chile. Es de Perú Es de Colombia. Es de Ecuador. Es de Argentina. Es de Venezuela. Es de Paraguay.

  21. Do the following activities. 12 ¿ De dónde eres? Pp14 13 ¿ Eres de Hondura ? pp15

  22. Did you get it??? (if not…practice at Complete each statement. • Contesta cada pregunta en español en oraciones completas. • ¿De dónde eres? • ¿De dónde es Hugo? (Puerto Rico) • ¿Quién es de México? Soy de… Hugo es de Puerto Rico. Salma Hayek es de México.

  23. Para terminar (to end) En una hoja de papel… • Review the goals below. Write a self-assessment on your paper to tell me if you met those goals. • I can introduce others • I can ask where people are from and say where I am from • I can ask how people are and say how I am

  24. Las metas de hoy • Vocabulary and listening Test • Recognize numbers 1-10 • Ask phone numbers and say your number. • Say someone phone number.

  25. Agenda • Esponja • Practice the number from 0 to 10. • Activity 14 Libro de texto pp 17 • Do activities 15 and 16 del libro del texto • Closing Activity Say diferent phone number in Spanish.

  26. Mi número de teléfono pp16In order to give or take phone numbers, we will need to know our NUMBERS!!Write out the following numbers in Spanish0=cero uno seis dos siete tres ocho cuatro nueve cinco diez

  27. ¡Practiquemos! 14 MatemáticasGivetheanswerstothefollowingmathproblemsusingwords. cinco cero diez ocho tres nueve

  28. How do you ask someone what their phone number is?You may respond… ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono? ¿Cuál es tu teléfono? Mi número de teléfono es… Mi teléfono es…

  29. Did you get it??? (if not…practice at Do activities15 Teléfono 16 ¿Quién es? • Say these phone numbers. • 625-4209 • 377-9263 • 418- 2760

  30. Las metas de hoy • Yo puedo…. • Ask & Answer “What is the date” • Ask & Answer “What is the day” • Ask & Answer “When is your birthday”

  31. Los días de la semana pp18In Spanish, the days of the week are never _________. Use _____ and _______ to talk about what you do on a certain day or days. Ej) on Monday = on Mondays = capitalized el los el lunes los lunes lunes viernes martes sábado miércoles domingo jueves

  32. How do we ask what day it is?? ¿Qué día es hoy/mañana?To respond, we would say…Hoy/Mañana es… What day is today/tomorrow? Today/Tomorrow is…

  33. ¡Practiquemos! 17 Los días pp19A. Complete each list with the missing day of the week.lunes, ___________, miércoles, juevesviernes, ___________, domingo, lunes___________, martes, miércoles, jueveslunes, martes, miércoles, ______________________, jueves, viernes, sábado martes sábado lunes jueves miércoles

  34. B. Listen to these statements about the days of the week. Write L if the statement you hear is lógico (logical) or I if it is ilógico (not logical). L I I L L I Did you get it??? (if not…practice at • Tell someone that today is Monday • Ask what day it is tomorrow.

  35. ¿Qué tiempo hace? pp20Tiempo is used to indicate the weather. The word clima is also used frequently. There are 3 words commonly used to make expressions relating to the weather in Spanish…

  36. está... It is snowing It is raining It is cloudy It is clear

  37. hace... It is hot It is sunny It is cool It is cold

  38. hay... There is rain. There is snow. There is wind. There is fog. There are clouds. There is lightening. There is thunder. There is humity.

  39. ¡A responder!Listen to weather descriptions. Write the name of the person that corresponds with each from page 20. Diego Mariana Natalia Jorge Andrea Luis Did you get it??? (if not…practice at Match each question with the correct response.

  40. En la claseDuring class, you may need to ask a question or follow instructions. The following list will allow you to do those things while using Spanish!!! ¡A responder!Listen to each classroom instruction and respond appropriately. After following directions, write the ‘gist’ of the instructions. Close books Open books Raise hand Take out paper Repeat

  41. ¡Practiquemos!Indicate what you would say in each situation.1. You want to thank your Spanish teacher.2. Your teacher is speaking too fast. 3. You want to know how to say book in Spanish. 4. You want to know what página means. Gracias. Más despacio, por favor. ¿Cómo se dice book? ¿Qué quiere decir página?

  42. 5. You must admit that you don’t have the answer to a question. 6. You wonder if your friend understands the lesson. No sé ¿Comprendes?

  43. Did you get it??? (if not…practice at • Ask how to say the word please. • Ask a friend if he or she understands. ¿Cómo se dice please? ¿Comprendes?