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THE NEW DEAL

THE NEW DEAL

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THE NEW DEAL

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  1. THE NEW DEAL ANALYZE THE RESPONSES OF FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT’S ADMINISTRATION TO THE PROBLEMS OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION. HOW EFFECTIVE WERE THESE RESPONSES? HOW DID THEY CHANGE THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT?

  2. The New Deal • I. FDR • 1. Personality

  3. The New Deal • I. FDR • 2. Polio & Image

  4. The New Deal • I. FDR • 3. Eleanor

  5. The New Deal • II. Launching the New Deal • A. FDR’s Philosophy (What the ___ did FDR stand for?) • 1. Inauguration • 2. Pragmatic, Not Idealogue • 3. 3 R’s • 4. “Braintrust”

  6. The New Deal • II. Launching the New Deal (1st) • B. 100 Days • 1. Strengthen Monetary System

  7. The New Deal Fireside Chat • II. Launching the New Deal (1st) • B. 100 Days • 1. Strengthen Monetary System • a. Emergency Banking Relief Act (“Bank Holiday”) • b. Economy Act • c. 21st Amendment • d. HOLC • e. Glass Steagall Banking Act • FDIC • f. SEC

  8. The New Deal B. 100 Days • 2. Farmers = Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) Farmer with his allotment of cotton seed which he has just bought cooperatively at Roanoke Farms, North Carolina (Library of Congress)

  9. The New Deal • B. 100 Days • 3. Industrial Recovery = National Industrial Recovery Act • a) NRA • b) 7(a) • c) Schechter v. U.S.

  10. The New Deal B. 100 Days 4. Federal Relief = • a. Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA) • b. Civil Works Administration (CWA) • C. Civilian Conservation Corp. (CCC) • d. Public Works Administration (PWA)

  11. The New Deal • B. 100 Days • 5. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

  12. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • A. New Deal and Its Critics • 1. Critics on the Right

  13. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • A. New Deal and Its Critics • 2. Dr. Francis Townsend

  14. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • A. New Deal and Its Critics • 3. Father Charles Coughlin

  15. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • A. New Deal and Its Critics • 4. Senator Huey P. (“Kingfish”) Long

  16. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • B. Works Progress Administration (WPA, 1935)

  17. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • B. Works Progress Administration (WPA, 1935)

  18. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • C. Rise of Unions • 1. Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act & NLRB) • 2. John L. Lewis & CIO

  19. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • C. Rise of Unions • 3. Strikes • a. GM, Sit Down Strike • b. Steel

  20. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • D. Social Security Act (1935)

  21. The New Deal • III. The Second New Deal • E. Election of 1936 & Roosevelt Coalition

  22. The New Deal • IV. End of the New Deal • 1. Supreme Court • a) Defeat of NRA & AAA • b) “Court Packing” = Judiciary Reorganization Bill • c) Reaction • d) Results

  23. The New Deal • IV. End of the New Deal • 2. Recession of 1937-1938

  24. The New Deal • IV. End of the New Deal • 2. Recession of 1937-1938 • “deficit spending” & John Maynard Keynes • 3. Congressional Election of 1938 • 4. Clouds of War divert attention

  25. The New Deal • V. Lasting Impact of New Deal • A. Criticisms

  26. The New Deal • V. Lasting Impact of New Deal • B. Support